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Elektron-A
Elektron-A -

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Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: OKB-1.

The Elektron mission was one of the earliest Soviet satellites to be authorized following the initial Sputnik series. The two spacecraft were designed to be deployed in a single launch of a Vostok booster. The spacecraft had the specific task of mapping the Van Alen radiation belts at higher inclinations than that achieved by US satellites of the time (60 degrees vs 30 degrees latitude). Decrees authorizing design and building of the Elektrons were issued on 9 May 1960 and 13 May 1961. Design work began in July 1960. Elektron A, with a design mass of 350 kg, was 325 mm in diameter and was designed to be placed in a 425 km x 6,000 km orbit and map the inner Van Allen belt, simultaneous with Elektron B's study of the outer radiation belt. The spacecraft also measured cosmic rays and the upper atmosphere.


Specification

Total Mass: 340 kg.


Elektron-A Chronology


09 May 1960 Elektron satellite approved.

Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On approval of work on the Elektron scientific satellite' was issued. The two spacecraft were designed to be deployed in a single launch of a Vostok booster. The spacecraft had the specific task of mapping the Van Alen radiation belts at higher inclinations than that achieved by US satellites of the time (60 degrees vs 30 degrees latitude). Design work began in July 1960.


13 May 1961 Soviet response to Apollo program Launch Vehicle: N1.

Soviet Decree 'On the Revision of Plans for Space Objects for Accomplishing Goals of Defence Designations--heavy boosters, course of work on Elektron, and suspension of work of work on the Kosmoplan and Raketoplan with continuation of new Raketoplan work' was issued. The decree set the end of 1965 as the date for the first launch of the N1. It also authorised Chelomei to stop work on Kosmoplan interplanetary probes and instead concentrate on a specific Raketoplan design - the LK-1 manned lunar flyby spacecraft.


30 January 1964 Elektron 1 Program: Elektron. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. Mass: 329 kg. Perigee: 400 km. Apogee: 6,584 km. Inclination: 60.8 deg.

Studied inner Van Allen belt. Electron I and II launched by a single carrier rocket. Electron I: simultaneous study of the Earth's inner and outer radiation belts, cosmic rays and upper atmosphere. Electron II: simultaneous study of the Earth's inner and outer radiation belts, cosmic rays and outer space.


11 July 1964 Elektron 3 Program: Elektron. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. Mass: 350 kg. Perigee: 403 km. Apogee: 6,446 km. Inclination: 60.8 deg.

Studied inner Van Allen belt. Electron 3 and 4 launched by a single carrier rocket. Simultaneous study of the inner and outer radiation belts of the earth, cosmic rays and the upper atmosphere.



Bibliography:



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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