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AUOS
AUOS
AUOS model exhibited at Urkaine Pavillion, Hannover Expo 2000.

Credit: © Mark Wade. 28,837 bytes. 532 x 390 pixels.


Manufacturer's Designation: AUOS. Class: Technology. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: KBYu.

Standardized bus for low earth orbit scientific studies and testing of new systems and components of satellite under space flight conditions. Primarily used on international Interkosmos and Aureole flights.


Specification

Total Mass: 1,100 kg.


AUOS Chronology


26 June 1972 AUOS satellite development approved.

Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On the Creation of Automatic Universal Orbital Stations (AUOS)-on approval of work on the AUOS satellite bus' was issued.


19 June 1976 Intercosmos 15 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 481 km. Apogee: 520 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Testing of new systems and components of satellite under space flight conditions.


30 March 1977 Cosmos 900 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 900 kg. Perigee: 457 km. Apogee: 522 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.


24 September 1977 Intercosmos 17 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 466 km. Apogee: 514 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Investigation of energetic charged and neutral particles and micrometeorite fluxes in circumterrestrial space.


24 October 1978 Intercosmos 18 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,050 kg. Perigee: 403 km. Apogee: 757 km. Inclination: 83.0 deg.

Conduct of complex investigations on the interaction between the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the earth. Launched under the Intercosmos programme by the USSR in cooperation with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the H ungarian People's Republic, the Polish People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania. On 14 Nov 1978, Magion, a small Czechoslovak scientific satellite, separated from object 1296.


27 February 1979 Intercosmos 19 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,015 kg. Perigee: 452 km. Apogee: 711 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.


Oreol-3Oreol-3 - Spacecraft using AUOS bus are similar

Credit: NASA. 76,107 bytes. 388 x 501 pixels.


Comprehensive investigations of the structure of the earth's ionosphere, the characteristics of wave processes and the propagation of radio waves in the ionospheric plasma. Launched under the Intercosmos programme by the USSR in cooperation with the Peopl e's Republic of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Polish People's Republic.
01 November 1979 Intercosmos 20 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 1,100 kg. Perigee: 462 km. Apogee: 519 km. Inclination: 74.1 deg.

Testing of methods for comprehensive study of the oceans and the surface of the earth, and testing of automatic gathering of scientific information from experimental sea and land stations. Launched under the INTERCOSMOS programme by the Soviet Union toget her with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania.


06 February 1981 Intercosmos 21 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. Mass: 550 kg. Perigee: 469 km. Apogee: 506 km. Inclination: 74.0 deg.

Oceanographic, terrestrial studies. Development of methods for comprehensive study of the oceans and the surface of the earth, and testing of the experimental system of automatic gathering of scientific information from sea and land stations. Launched under the INTERCOSMOS programme by the USSR together with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania.


21 September 1981 Oreol 3 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 394 km. Apogee: 1,672 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Carried Soviet/French magnetosphere and ionosphere experiments. Investigation of physical processes in the earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere, and study of the nature of polar aurorae. Carried scientific equipment developed by Soviet and French specialists under the joint Soviet-French project 'Arkad-3'.


18 December 1986 Cosmos 1809 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 700 kg. Perigee: 939 km. Apogee: 960 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Development of research apparatus and methods of remote sensing and monitoring of the Earth's ionosphere, and also study of the propagation of radio waves in the ionosphere.


28 September 1989 Intercosmos 24 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 498 km. Apogee: 2,449 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

US participation; particles and fields experiments; deployed Magion 2. Comprehensive study of the processes of propagation of low-frequency electromagnetic waves in the earth's magnetosphere and their interaction with charged particles of the radiation belts, in cooperation with Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democrati c Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania (the international scientific project entitled 'Aktivny'). Carrying the Czechoslovak Magion-2 satellite.


18 December 1991 Intercosmos 25 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 1,000 kg. Perigee: 435 km. Apogee: 3,048 km. Inclination: 82.6 deg.

Solar activity monitoring; hosted experiments from Germany, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary. Comprehensive study of the effects of artificial impact of modulated electron flows and plasma beams on the ionosphere and magnetosphere of the Earth (forming part of the Apex international scientific project, conducted jointly with Bulgaria, Czechoslovak ia, Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania.) Launched with the Czechoslovak satellite Magion-3, separated from the space object Intercosmos-25 on 28 Dec 1991, in accordance with the scientific programme of the Apex project.


02 March 1994 Intercosmos 26 Program: Intercosmos. Launch Site: Plesetsk . Launch Vehicle: Tsyklon 3. Mass: 2,160 kg. Perigee: 501 km. Apogee: 541 km. Inclination: 82.5 deg.

Solar and space physics. Conduct of comprehensive investigations of the sun under the Coronas-I international project developed by Russian and Ukranian experimts in cooperation with specialists from Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, France, and the United Kingdom.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .