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Rushworth |

Born in Madison, Maine; married with one child. Joined Army Air Corps, flying transports in World War II and combat missions in the Korean War. Studied mechanical engineering at the University of Maine, receiving a BE in 1951. BS in eronautical engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology in 1958. Selected as X-15 pilot in 1958, he made the most number of X-15 flights (34) and obtained astronaut wings on an 86.9 km flight. Left the X-15 program in 1966 to become Commander, Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards AFB; Commander, Air Force Test and Evaluation Center, Kirtland AFB; Vice Commander, AF Systems Command, Wright Patterson AFB.

**X-15 Flight 25**-**- 1960 Nov 4 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 2071 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14905 m.

**X-15 Flight 27**-**- 1960 Nov 17 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 2018 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16688 m. Lower XLR-11 shutdown but restarted.

**X-15 Flight 42**-**- 1961 Oct 4 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Flight made with lower ventral off. Maximum Speed - 4553 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23770 m.

**X-15 Flight 53**-**- 1962 May 8 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5670 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21460 m.

**X-15 Flight 54**-**- 1962 May 22 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5551 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30600 m. Roller coaster flight with 3 peaks for local airflow investigation.

**X-15 Flight 66**-**- 1962 Aug 8 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 4735 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27700 m.

**X-15 Flight 68**-**- 1962 Aug 20 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27000 m.

**X-15 Flight 69**-**- 1962 Aug 29 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5546 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29630 m.

**X-15 Flight 71**-**- 1962 Oct 4 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5620 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34200 m.

**X-15 Flight 73**-**- 1962 Oct 23 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 6056 kph. Maximum Altitude - 41000 m.

**X-15 Flight 78**-**- 1963 Apr 11 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 4608 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22680 m. First flight in scientific and advanced research series - carried aerial mapping camera.

**X-15 Flight 82**-**- 1963 May 14 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5792 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29140 m.

**X-15 Flight 85**-**- 1963 Jun 18 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5694 kph. Maximum Altitude - 68180 m.

**X-15 Flight 87**-**- 1963 Jun 27 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.*Flight Time*: 0.01 days.*Flight details*: X-15 Flight 87.Maximum Speed - 5511 kph. Maximum Altitude - 86870 m. Third astronaut wings flight (USAF definition).

**X-15 Flight 89**-**- 1963 Jul 18 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 6315 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31940 m.

**X-15 Flight 94**-**- 1963 Nov 7 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 4706 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25080 m. First flight with sharp-edged vertical stabilizer.

**X-15 Flight 97**-**- 1963 Dec 5 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 6465 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30785 m. Camera test in combination with U-2 flight.

**X-15 Flight 100**-**- 1964 Jan 28 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5821 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32736 m. First test of hypersonic speed brakes.

**X-15 Flight 103**-**- 1964 Mar 27 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 6158 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30937 m. Secret reconn camera test.

**X-15 Flight 105**-**- 1964 Apr 29 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 6285 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30968 m.

**X-15 Flight 109**-**- 1964 Jun 25 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 4994 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25390 m. First flight of X-15 No. 2 in X-15A-2 configuration, but without drop tanks.

**X-15 Flight 114**-**- 1964 Aug 14 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5776 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31486 m. Nose landing gear extended at Mach 4.5. Both tires blew on landing.

**X-15 Flight 118**-**- 1964 Sep 29 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5699 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29809 m.

**X-15 Flight 124**-**- 1964 Dec 22 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5781 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m.

**X-15 Flight 127**-**- 1965 Feb 17 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5649 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28986 m. Right main landing gear extended at Mach 4.1; normal landing.

**X-15 Flight 129**-**- 1965 Mar 26 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5760 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31059 m.

**X-15 Flight 140**-**- 1965 Jul 20 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 6050 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32126 m.

**X-15 Flight 141**-**- 1965 Aug 3 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5796 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63612 m.

**X-15 Flight 145**-**- 1965 Aug 26 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5426 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73030 m.

**X-15 Flight 147**-**- 1965 Sep 9 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29627 m.

**X-15 Flight 149**-**- 1965 Sep 22 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5712 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30571 m.

**X-15 Flight 155**-**- 1965 Nov 3 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.First flight with empty external tanks. Ammonia tank recovered; Lox tank destroyed. Maximum Speed - 2414 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21520 m.

**X-15 Flight 158**-**- 1966 May 18 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.Maximum Speed - 5936 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30170 m.

**X-15 Flight 159**-**- 1966 Jul 1 -***Assignment*: Prime Crew.First flight with fueled external tanks. Engine shutdown at 34.6 seconds due to fuel flow anomalies. Maximum Speed - 1646 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m.

Last update 3 May 2001.

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Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments. Cosmonaut data by Alexander B. Zheleznyakov.

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© Mark Wade, 2001 .