Aleksey Aleksandrovich Gubarev was born on March 29, 1931 in the village of Gvardeitsy in the Samara region to a peasant family. From 1936, he lived and studied at the Chashnikovo collective farm near Moscow, where his family had move after the death of his father. In 1950, he graduated from middle school in Kryukovo (Moscow region) and entered Naval Aviation School for Aircraft Mechanics. After graduation in 1952, he served with the Soviet Air Force. In 1961, he graduated from the Gagarin Air Force Academy and was assigned for service with Black Sea aviation units, where he served as a squadron commander until his acceptance to the cosmonaut unit.
In 1963 he was accepted into the Soviet cosmonaut unit (1963 Air Force Group #2). He underwent the full general space preparation course. He trained for the Soviet Lunar program, and participated as a group member in mastering the military research variant of the Soyuz (7K-VI). Later, he trained for space flight on Soyuz type spacecraft and on orbital stations of Salyut.
In September 1973 he commanded the reserve crew (with Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko) for the Soyuz-12 flight. He performed his first flight from January 11 through February 9, 1975, together with Grechko, as commander of Soyuz-17 and the orbital complex Salyut-4 - Soyuz-17 (call sign Zenit). His space flight lasted 29 days 13 hours 19 minutes and 45 seconds.
From 1976 he underwent preparations under the Intercosmos program for co-operation with socialist countries. He made his second space flight on March 2-10, 1978, as commander of Soyuz-28 (call sign Zenit) together with Czech Vladimir Remek. This was the first manned spaceflight of the Intercosmos program. The cosmonauts worked onboard the orbital complex Salyut-6 - Soyuz-27 - Soyuz-28 together with Yuri Viktorovich Romanenko and Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko. Their stay in space was 7 days 22 hours 16 minutes. During his two flights Gubarev spent 37 days 11 hours 35 minutes and 45 seconds in space.
In 1981 he left the cosmonaut team. He continued to serve in command positions with the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre. He is currently retired.
Awards: Twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Hero of Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Awarded two Orders of Lenin, Czechoslovak Order of Clement Gotvald, Tsiolkovskiy Gold Medal (USSR Academy of Sciences), Gagarin Gold Medal (FAI). Honorary citizen of Kaluga (Russia), Arkalyk, Tselinograd (Kazakhstan), and Prague (Czech Republic). Author of the book The Attraction of Weightlessness (Moscow, 1982).
Copyright (C) Alexander Zheleznyakov, 1998
Call sign: Zenit (Zenith).
The planned first flight of the Soyuz VI combat spacecraft was planned for early 1969, beating America's equivalent Manned Orbiting Lab. The project was cancelled in 1968.
If the Soyuz 11 crew had not perished during return to the earth, a second crew would have been sent to the Salyut 1 space station. Further missions to Salyut 1 were cancelled after the disaster.
Planned first mission to the Salyut DOS 2 space station. Cancelled after it was destroyed during launch.
Planned second mission to the Salyut DOS 2 space station. Cancelled after it was destroyed during launch.
Planned first mission to the Salyut DOS 3 space station (Cosmos 557). Cancelled after it failed in orbit.
Planned second mission to the Salyut DOS 3 space station (Cosmos 557). Cancelled after it failed in orbit.
Experimental flight for the purpose of further development of manned space craft Soyuz 7K-T modifications. After the Soyuz 11 disaster, the Soyuz underwent redesign for increased reliability. Two solo test flights of the new design were planned. Crews for the first flight were those already planned for the deferred follow-on missions to the failed DOS 2 and DOS 3 space stations. Recovered September 29, 1973 13:14 GMT. Landed 400 km SW Karaganda.
Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 4. Joint experiments with the Salyut scientific orbital station. Recovered February 9, 1975 11:03 GMT. Landed 110 km NE Tselinograd.
Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Delivery to the Salyut-6 station of the first international 'Intercosmos' team consisting of A.A. Gubarev (USSR) and V. Remek (Czechoslovak Socialist Republic) to carry out scientific research and experiments jointly developed by Soviet a nd Czechoslovak specialists. Recovered March 10, 1978 13:45 GMT.