Save the Children

Azerbaijan Office:
82 Sh. Badalbeyli .St., apt # 14, Baku
Tel: 98-92-93; 97-32-88
Fax: 98-92-93
E-mail: augustine@savechildren.org.az
Web site: http://www.savechildren.org.az
Contact: Augustine Gill, Field Office Director

US Office:
Save the Children-USA
54 Wilton Road
P.O. Box 950
Westport, CT 06881 USA
Phone: (203) 221-4000
Web site: http://www.savethechildren.org


Save the Children - History and Azerbaijan Program

"Help should not be a gift from above but rather help aimed at self-help between equals where, everyone contributes according to their ability from a feeling of human fellowship across racial, ethnic and national borders"

Eglantine Jebb

This quotation is taken from a book by the founder of Save the Children, Eglantine Jebb, which was published in 1906. This sentence summarizes the principles which still guide the work of Save the Children in the world today.

Eglantine Jebb's commitment to children in need began at the turn of the century when she helped her mother in her social work on the Jebb family estate. Later, after completing her studies at Cambridge, she worked as a teacher in schools for slum children.

After the First World War, Eglantine Jebb, as the founder of Save the Children, became one of the better-known women in the struggle for children's rights. Legend has that the first version of the Rights of the Child were drafted one Sunday afternoon on Mount Saleve, overlooking Geneva. On February 1923, the Rights of the Child were adopted by the International Save the Children Union and given the title " The Declaration of Geneva". On 27 September 1924, the Declaration was adopted by the League of Nations.

The adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in November 1989 marked the continuation of the process of safeguarding children's rights which had its roots in the pioneering work of Eglantine Jebb.

Many suffragette associations in the warring and neutral countries organized a major peace conference in the Hague in April 1915 which brought together something like 1 200 women from various political camps.

And so it was that on 19 May 1919, in the Royal Albert Hall, London, Save the Children was founded and received among its first donations 10 000 pounds from British miners to help the starving children in Vienna. In the same year, Save the Children associations were also founded in Sweden and Australia, followed by Canada in 1921. Eglantine Jebb and her sister started the organization with an initial contribution of 10 pounds. In the years following the First World War, the incredible sum of 72 million pounds was collected as aid to the child victims of the war in Europe.

European and American intellectuals and politicians such as John Galsworthy, Romain Rooland, Anatole France, Herbert Hoover, Pope Benedict XV, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Albert Einstein, Maxim Gorki, Sigmund Freud and Hjalmar Branting supported and encouraged the collection on solidarity work in petitions and appeals.

The International Save the Children Union (SCIU) was founded in January 1920 in Geneva with three major organizations: the International Red Cross Committee, the Save the Children Fund and the Committee International de Secours aux Enfants. E.Jebb became the active chairperson of the organization and remained so until her death in 1928 at the age of 52.

By 1924 the Union had 20 members including: UK, Sweden, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Norway, Rumania, Yugoslavia, Turkey and Uruguay. The American Save the Children Fund (later Federation) was founded in 1932 in order to help the children in Appalachia during the Great Depression.

The first Save the Children Fund began its infant existence in January, 1932 in one small room in the Presbyterian Building at 156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. After a two month's study of the health and sanitary situation in Harlen Country, Kentucky a local Committee was established. Dr. Miller was placed in charge of the unit, having as her assistant a nurse and a sanitary engineer. These three performed a real and enduring public service for the country.

In the spring of 1932, under the leadership of John Voris, the founding executive director, two surveys were conducted concerning children's needs. At its summer meeting that year, the Board authorized the first Save the Children field project, a country health unit.

A new form of sponsorship emerged from Save the Children European experience: American "godparents" donated $30 a year to provide clothing and other needs to a particular child. This approach was the model for Save the Children's child sponsorship programs that continue today.

The International Save the Children Alliance (ISCA) was founded in 1988.


Save the Children is a private, non-profit, non-sectarian international development and relief organization. SC operates interrelated programs in education, health, economic opportunities and emergency response in 41 nations including 14 US states. SC strives to improve children's lives by enabling the entire family and community to achieve a higher level of self-sufficiency. Under an agreement with USAID, Save the Children (SC) managed the Caucasus Emergency Humanitarian Assistance PVO Program. SC served as the management coordinator for PVOs executing sub-grants from USAID funding, In Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia. Through management, training and technical assistance, SC facilitated the capacity and capabilities of indigenous and US PVOs to implement emergency and humanitarian assistance programs in response to systemic and natural emergency disasters.

Save the Children commenced operations in Azerbaijan (AzB) in December, 1993. Since its establishment, in Azerbaijan, SC has taken a lead role in the coordination of inter-agency PVO/NGO/IO activities. Through the monthly publication of the PVO/NGO/IO Directory, SC has developed a reputation for consistently providing reliable, up to date information. Working with US PVOs, the SC/USAID umbrella grant funded projects for International Rescue Committee (IRC), Relief International (RI), World Vision International (WVI), CARE International, ADRA, UMCOR and MCI.

LIST OF IMPLEMENTED PROGRAMS

# Sub-grantee Project Name Grant amount $ Project Duration
1 ADRA Distribution of Food Parcels

Greenhouse Project
1,838,748

342,964
September 8, 1993
June 30, 1994
January 1, 1997
September 30, 1997
2 ARC Food Distribution Project

Assistance to Vulnerable Population
2,828,120

573,185
October 1, 1993
March 15, 1995
November 1 1995
August 31 1997
3 CARE Logistic Support

Food Distribution

Distribution of Blankets (TWP)


Food Supplements Distribution (TPP)

Shelter Project
1, 838,748

689,159

145,778

640,148

2,032,509
September8, 1993
June 30, 1994
February 15, 1994
July 31, 1994
February 4, 1994
March 10, 1994
July 1, 1994
September 30, 1995
November 11, 1995
February 28, 1998
4 IRC Emergency Assistance Project #020

Emergency Project #032

Winter Clothing Distribution #035

Mudbrick Shelter Project #051

Winter Shelter Program #066
1,492,349

960, 124

1,217,688

1,214,190

1,880,061
January 19, 1994
August 31, 1994
May 19, 1994
August 31, 1994
September 1, 1994
March 31, 1995
March 1, 1995
November 15, 1995
November 16, 1995
February 28, 1998
5 RI Mobile Health Units #013

Distribution of Food & Nonfood Items #017

Emergency Procurement and Distribution #018

Distribution of Relief Items #037

MHU Project #036
390,801

204,202

404,258

331,367

3,059,626
November 1,1993
August 31, 1994
December 7, 1993
September 30, 1994
February 25, 1994
June 30, 1994
September 1, 1994
May 31, 1995
September 1, 1994
June 30, 1997
6 WVI Poultry and Sanitation Project #038

Winter Clothing St to IDP s #041

Northwest Comprehensive Project #049

North central Food Project #050

Operational Support Grant #067

Public Building Rehabilitation
129,950

380,560

762,991

248,434

1,740,344

1,184,389
September 1, 1994
February 28, 1995
January 11, 1994
February 28, 1995
January 1, 1995
October 31, 1995
January 1, 1995
October 31, 1995
October 1, 1995
September 30, 1997
December 1, 1996
September 30, 1997
7 MCI Shelter Rehabilitation Project 817,000 December 1, 1996
September 30, 1997
8 UMCOR Primary Health Care Delivery & Public Health Education 443,677 January 1, 1997
September 30, 1997
9 ISAR Training for Local NGO s 406,164 November 1, 1995
June 30, 1997

 

New Developments in Program Implementation

Since September 1, 1998 SC started a 20.5 month Participatory Micro-Project Program (PMPP) in the Republic of Azerbaijan.Under this program, SC will implement approximately 71 micro-project in the Berde Region. SC proposes to implement micro-project (less than or equal to US$6,000) that will address key sectoral needs, including: potable water and irrigation, sanitation, health, education, agriculture, income generation and building rehabilitation.

*information courtesy of Save the Children's AzerWeb

Last updated:    April 1999


A print version of much of the information contained in this NIS Third Sector Organizations section can be found in the The Post-Soviet Handbook (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1999).


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