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Middle Ages

Patterns of Discrimination


A Jewish couple from Worms...



Part of a Spanish fresco...



The form and size of the "Jew Hat"...


IN 1215, THE POPE issues a decree that Jews must wear special marks on their dress to distinguish them more clearly from Christians. The Church wants to prevent Christians from unknowingly associating with Jews. These discriminating dress marks differ from place to place: sometimes Jews have to wear a yellow or red badge on their dress, sometimes a pointed hat, the so-called "Jew hat."

Not only dress marks are used to separate Jews from Christians. More and more, Jews are forced to live together in isolation, in ghettos closed off by walls. As ghettos are usually not allowed to extend, they become increasingly crowded. (CONT)



A prophet in a church...


The discriminating dress rules...

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