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Cover of one of the most notorious anti-Semitic publications of the 1960s, ludaizm Bet Prikras (Judaism without Embellishment), by Trofim Kichko. Its publication by the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences lent it scientific respectability. Its style and illustrations were so crudely anti-Semitic that even Western communist parties protested. The Soviet authorities admitted that "a small number of inaccuracies might perhaps give an anti-Semitic impression." The fact that the author had been a Nazi collaborator during the war and was expelled from the Party had obviously not been an objection to his book being printed.