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The Czech Jewish party leader Rudolf Slansky (seen here with his family) was found guilty of "Trotskyite-Titoist-Zionist activities in the service of American imperialism" at a trial in Prague in November 1952. Appeals to nationalist and anti-Semitic sentiments were frequently used in the 1950s to discredit the opposition to the newly established communist governments in Eastern Europe. Slansky and ten others (seven of which were Jews) were executed in December 1952.