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Victims at Dachau concentration camp. When the camp was liberated in April 1945, it had 30,000 survivors, of which 2,000 died in the first month. The camp was set up in March 1933. During the war, the camp was mainly used for political prisoners from all occupied countries and for the mentally handicapped on their way to execution elsewhere. Between 1941 and 1945, Russian prisoners of war were shot outside the crematorium.