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Samson Raphael Hirsch (1808-1888), rabbi in Frankfurt and leader of the Neo-Orthodoxy, wears "reformed" rabbinical robes similar to the ornate of Protestant pastors. His slogan "Mensch- Israel" - a human being, then a Jew - incorporates his ideas of religious renewal: participation in the secular world while remaining faithful to Jewish tradition.

Lithography, 1847.