Theodor Herzl as a young journalist in Vienna, ca. 1878.
In "The Jewish State" he wrote: "We have honestly attempted to assimilate everywhere into the societies surrounding us retaining nothing but the religion of our forefathers. But they will not let us assimilate. We are loyal, sometimes exaggerated, patriots - in vain. We bring the same sacrifices in life and in property as our fellow-citizens - in vain. We strive to increase the welfare of the countries we were born in - in vain. In the lands we have lived in for centuries we continue to be called strangers. It is useless to be a good patriot in order to be left in peace. I am afraid that we will never be left in peace."