Characteristic Polish Jewish dress still worn today in some Hassidic and Orthodox circles. The dress evolved in the 16th century in imitation of earlier Polish upper-class attire. Men wear a streiml (fur hat), a caftan or kapote (open coat), knee-length trousers and white socks. Women wear plastrons (brust-tuch) or an apron and cover their head with bonnets, velvet hairbands or lace.
Top panel: Polish Jewish dress in the 17th and 18th century.
Bottom panel: Jewish types in Warsaw in the 18th century.