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Immigration to Poland-Lithuania Until 1600; Jewish Communities in the 17th Century.

After the Mongol invasion in the 13th century brought death and destruction to Poland, Polish princes invite settlers from Germany in the hope of stimulating the economy. As the situation for Jews in Western Europe deteriorates during the 14th century, many move eastward. Communities are founded rapidly. By the year 1600 between 20,000 and 30,000 Jews live in 60 communities.