A group of male and female rabbis of the Reform Movement.
Since the 19th century, Orthodoxy, or traditional Judaism, is being challenged by reform movements. These trends, known as Liberal, Progressive or Reform Judaism, all see Jewish religion as a constantly evolving set of beliefs and practices being adapted to changing circumstances.
The reform movements identify monotheism and humanism as the
unchanging essence of Judaism and no longer consider Jewish law and
the Talmud as binding. They have introduced changes in the religious
ritual and liberalized laws for marriage and divorce. Together
with Conservative Judaism, a movement that combines adherence to the
laws of traditional Judaism with tolerance toward different
religious lifestyles, Orthodoxy and Reform make up the three main
streams of modem Judaism.
Ordination of rabbis in the West London Synagogue, June 1989