A group of male and female rabbis of the Reform Movement.

Since the 19th century, Orthodoxy, or traditional Judaism, is being challenged by reform movements. These trends, known as Liberal, Progressive or Reform Judaism, all see Jewish religion as a constantly evolving set of beliefs and practices being adapted to changing circumstances.
The reform movements identify monotheism and humanism as the unchanging essence of Judaism and no longer consider Jewish law and the Talmud as binding. They have introduced changes in the religious ritual and liberalized laws for marriage and divorce. Together with Conservative Judaism, a movement that combines adherence to the laws of traditional Judaism with tolerance toward different religious lifestyles, Orthodoxy and Reform make up the three main streams of modem Judaism.

Ordination of rabbis in the West London Synagogue, June 1989