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A Torah scroll in a wooden case containing the Five Books of Moses. In Jewish tradition the Torah, together with the Oral Law, was given to Moses on Mount Sinai.

The Five Books of Moses, the Prophets and the Writings together form the Jewish Bible, called the Old Testament by Christians. The Torah scroll must be written by hand. Every week, a portion is read aloud in the synagogue, the reading of the whole Torah taking one year.


Torah scroll in wooden case; Baghdad, 1852.