Did You Know?  June 3, 1994


The Russian Agricultural Listserv is sponsored by the University of Maryland
College of Agriculture at College Park, the Research and Scientific Exchanges
Division, Foreign Agriculture Service/International Cooperation and
Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the National Committee on
International Science and Education of the Joint Council on Food and
Agricultural Sciences.

Below are the replies to the survey we sent out April 29 on university
involvement in agriculture in the former Soviet Union.  The material is
supplemented by entries from the Citizen Democracy Corps -Compendium- and other
sources.  The survey does not claim to represent the full extent of university
involvement.

On this listserv alone, there are approximately 40 universities represented;
however, as we've heard from some of you, there are interested individuals in
the university community on this listserv whose home institutions are not
actively involved in ag projects in the FSU.  We do hope we can say with some
certainty, however, that the information below covers a reasonably good number
of the larger university programs in the FSU.  We hope you find this
information about university programs useful.  A special thank you to all those
of you who responded to the survey.
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Arizona State University
Center for Agribusiness Policy Studies (CAPS) at the
School of Agribusiness & Environmental Resources (SABER) within the
College of Engineering and Applied Sciences

The mission of CAPS is to meet the need for the development of private and
governmental policies and procedures which facilitate private investment in
agribusinesses and rural economic development with a view to environmental
safety.

CAPS provides technical assistance in marketing, land management, financing,
processing, transportation and distribution of agribusiness goods and
services.  SABER, together with the Hazards Engineering Group of the College of
Engineering and Applied Sciences (CEAS) provides technical assistance to
projects where environmental concerns are at issue.

CAPS instituted specialized training courses for agribusiness managers from
Central and Eastern Europe who were participating in the Cochran Fellows
Program--a program of the International Cooperation and Development branch of
the Foreign Agricultural Service at US Department of Agriculture.

Arizona State's Global Fellows Program is a program for introducing individuals
from the former Soviet Union and Central and Eastern Europe to US Government
and other key groups in the Washington, DC area before beginning an
agribusiness management program for the visitors on the campus of Arizona
State.  The program involves many field trips to area agribusinesses.  The
program is put on in Russian.  Management and finance are important course
components.  Gender sensitivity is worked into the program through trips to
farms with female managers when possible.

In 1992-93 the faculty and staff carried out programs in Russia, Bulgaria, the
Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, and other regions in Central Europe.  Dr.
Eric Thor and Dr. Philip Stiles completed assignments in Russia in 1993 working
with agribusiness financial and cooperative organizations.  Also, the School
conducted a one-month course in Agribusiness Management in Russian.

Arizona State University
Tempe, AZ 85287-3306

Contacts: Dr. Eric P. Thor, tel. 602-965-3585, fax 602-965-5961

Dr. Philip Stiles, tel. 602-965-5517
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University of Delaware - Office of International Programs and Special Sessions

With funding from USAID, OIPSS teaches management, economics, and English
language courses to entrepreneurs and business managers, economics teachers and
policy makers in Bulgaria.  Program elements include courses, consultations and
special seminars.  The University of Delaware-Bulgaria Coalition Sofia Resource
Center allows access to business, economics and English language training
books, audio and video tapes, and computer software.  Agriculture is a focus
area in the management training program.

Contact:
Lawrence Donnelley, Associate Provost
University of Delaware
4 Kent Way
Newark, DE 19716
tel. 302-831-2852
fax  302-831-6042
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The University of Georgia

The following information is from "Glenn Ames" :

The University of Georgia has a small student exchange project
with the Center for Environmental Management and Planning, 52,
Rustaveli Ave. Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia 380008. We are also doing
a little faculty exchange and lecturing on agribusiness at the
Center. Lack of resources is our primary constraint. Floriculture is
an area where joint ventures have been established with U.S. firms.

The agricultural situation in Georgia is hampered by a lack of
resources, fuel, fertilizer, spare parts, and a convertible currency.
The collective agricultural sector is undergoing change with small
amounts of land (I.25 hectares) being turned over to collective farm
workers. They have no resources so hand hoe agriculture is the
result. The entire agricultural sector is undergoing structural
change and probably the only area of the economy that is functioning
at all. This is based on my recent trip to Tbilisi in April, 1994.

The following information is from Dr. Carl S. Hoveland, Crop and Soil Science
at the University of Georgia:

A cooperative agreement exists between the College of Agriculture and the
Center for Environment in Tblisi.  Dr. Hoveland has lectured in Tbilisi under
this agreement for two years.  Dr. Hoveland has also received a grant to
conduct research on wild legume for pasture use.  Three students from Tblisi
are coming soon to the US for one-year assignments in either environmental soil
science or economic management.

Contacts: Glenn C. W. Ames, Department of Agricultural Economics,
315 Conner Hall, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7509,
Fax: 706-542-0739, Phone: 706-542-0757, Telex: 414190 UGAIRC Athens,
Internet: games@agecon.conner.uga.edu

Dr. Carl S. Hoveland, Crop and Soil Science, 4123
Plant Sciences Bldg. University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, Phone:
706-542-0929.

Dr. Rex Clark, rclark@gamma.bae.uga.edu, Ukraine
Dr. Estes Reynolds, 706-542-2574
Dr. Larry Guthrie, Extension Coordinator-Dairy Science, Hoke Smith Annex,
706/542-2581 Fax. 706/542-9316 lguthrie@uga.cc.uga.edu.
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Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD), Department of Economics

The following information is from: E C Balm :

Director of CARD: Stanley R. Johnson
Associate Director of CARD: William H. Meyers

CARD currently has two agribusiness centers (one in Russia and one in Ukraine)
that were developed and are maintained in cooperation with the Iowa
International Development Foundation. For more information contact Sandra
Glass at sglass@iastate.edu

CARD also frequently hosts delegations and individual researchers from the
nations of the FSU for periods that range from two weeks to a year. Usually
these efforts are supported by federal agencies and organizations.

CARD is involved in a USAID-funded Restructuring Agriculture and
Agribusiness-Private Sector (RAAPS) project in Hungary in collaboration with
ACDI.

CARD currently has environmental and water quality projects in Poland and the
Karst Region of Lithuania under a cooperative agreement with U.S. EPA Region
VII.

CARD also has long-established relationships with many of the agricultural
academies and research institutes in several countries of the FSU, especially
the Agrarian Institute of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences in
Moscow, the Institute for Agrarian Economics for Ukraine, and several
institutes and individuals in Latvia and Lithuania.

This is a brief summary of CARD involvement only and is not intended to
represent all FSU activity at Iowa State or within the College of Agriculture.
For more information on research exchanges between ISU and organizations in
the FSU, contact Diana Crosswaite about the NIS-Baltics Exchange program run
by the Ag. Experiment Station at 515/294-8493, DJC@iastate.edu.

Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Department of Economics
Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011
email: srjohnso@iastate.edu
fax: 515/294-6336
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University of Maryland at College Park

*    RUSAG-L:  you are all well acquainted with our activities.

*    Agribusiness Linkage Program--U Maryland has a cooperative agreement with
     International Cooperation and Development/Foreign Agricultural
     Service/USDA to assist in the development and implementation of this
     training program for agribusiness managers from Russia, the Baltic states
     and Poland.  The idea is to link small- to medium-sized agribusinesses
     from these countries to US counterparts which are interested in long-term
     joint activities such as trade, joint venture or other business
     relationship.  The four-month training period includes one month of
     intensive English language training, two months at the US business, and
     one month of agribusiness management training.  There is also provision
     for several trips for representatives from the US company to visit the
     Russian/Baltic/Polish firm to train staff and solidify plans for joint
     activity.
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Michigan State University
Institute of International Agriculture in the College of Agriculture and
Natural Resources

The following information is from: Kim A. Wilson <21566kaw@msu.edu>

RUSSIA:  MSU is working with Dr. Sergei Stankevich, member of the Russian
Duma, to develop an improved education and farm input services system for
the 5-6 million new farms in Russia.  As "state" farms are divided into
smaller private units, there is a critical need for agricultural production
education for these new independent farmers, the construction of grain storage
facilities and development of an internal marketing structure.  The MSU
focus under consideration is the development of multi-service agribusiness
centers and training for managers to modernize and transform Russian
agriculture.

ARMENIA:  MSU has two extension staff members on assignment in Armenia
working on farmer education programs through the USDA Extension Service
international programs.  Dr. Ray Clark, Ontonogan County Extension Director,
is on his second 6-month assignment strengthening agricultural extension
education.  Bill Carpenter, also on his second assignment in Armenia, is
serving as the in-country USDA "senior adviser."  Both extensionists are
helping to improve extension delivery systems through local involvement in
agricultural development.

LATVIA:  MSU continues its long-term involvement in training and development
programs with the Latvia Agricultural University (LAU) in Jelgava.
Short-term MSU faculty assignments emphasize food production, modernization
of undergraduate curricula, and linkages between LAU and the Kellogg Company
in Riga.  Long-term collaboration in animal biotechnology exists with the
Latvian research institute complex.

Dr. Kim A. Wilson
Assistant Director
Institute of International Agriculture and
Professor, Animal Science
Michigan State University
21566kaw@ibm.cl.msu.edu
BITNET:    21566KAW@msu.edu
on "WILE AWAY..." (Pearson 36, #54)
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Midwest Universities Consortium for International Activities

MUCIA began in 1964 with Ford Foundation support.  It is a nonprofit
educational institution which includes a number of large universities.  MUCIA
is involved in institution-building projects in the areas of teaching, research
and extension.  Its projects in Central and Eastern Europe and the former
Soviet Union involve economics faculty exchanges with Moscow State University
and management training programs in Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
Agriculture is one of the focus areas.

Contact:
William Flinn, President, Executive Director
Ohio State University
66 East 15th Street
Columbus, OH 43201
tel. 614-291-9646
fax  614-291-9717
pinman@ohstmvsa.irrc.ohio-state.edu
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State University of New York-Office of International Programs

The Eastern European branch of OIP holds responsibility for all technical
assistance activities in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union
for the SUNY system, unless these projects are carried out by single campuses.
OIP identifies technical assistance projects, obtains funding and manages the
projects.   Agriculture is one of the focus areas covered under a project for
management training and economics education.  The project is a USAID-funded
two-year project to provide technical assistance to segments of Hungary's
emerging private sector.  Project elements include consulting sessions,
classes, videos in Hungarian, and internships and management training in the US
for Hungarian entrepreneurs and managers.

Contact:
Ronald Oppen, Director, Eastern Europe
State Univ. of New York
SUNY Plaza - T-800
Albany, NY 12246
tel. 518-443-5127
fax  518-443-5126
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Portland State University
Free Market Business Development Institute

The Russian American School of Business Administration (RASBA) was established
in 1990 to provide Western-style business management education within the
former Soviet Union.  Programs exist at eight sites--Novgorod, Tambov,
Arkhangel'sk, Khabarovsk, Blagoveshchensk, Rostov-na-Donu, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
and Tver.  RASBA offers a standardized 2-year, 16-course Master of Business
Administration (MBA) certificate program for business managers, entrepreneurs
and government officials.  RASBA schools are organized in cooperation with the
local Russian university and local political authorities.  Professors are
American business faculty.  The majority of courses are mainstream business
management courses; however, at one of the sites, agricultural economics is
taught.  Also, Portland State calls upon faculty from a number of land grant
universities when selecting professors for the RASBA schools.  There is an
optional two-week summer session in the United States.

Contact: Dr. Earl Molander, Director RASBA Program, Portland State
University/School of Business Administration, 503-725-5094
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Washington State University

From: "James B. Henson" <%WSUVM1.BITNET>
Organization: WSU International Programs

*   Research -- Collaborative research is being conducted on a variety of
    topics with the institutes at the Biological Research Center, Pushchino.
    An example is research on the biological control root pathogens of
    wheat and barley.

*   Curriculum Development -- WSU faculty along with the those of the
    Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources of the University of
    California System (Berkeley, Davis, and Riverside Campuses) are working
    with Pushchino State University to develop curricula in environmental
    science including sustainable agriculture and agrobiology.

*   Faculty Exchanges -- We have ongoing faculty exchanges in the field of
    agriculture, the sciences and others with the Biological Research
    Center and Pushchino State University, Pushchino and Far Eastern State
    University, Vladivostok.

*   Agribusiness Training -- Training of persons in Agribusiness is included
    in WSU's small to medium size business training program through the
    Small Business Development Center at the University.  A new program in
    Krasnoyarsk is being initiated and will include individuals from the
    agricultural sector, although not specifically emphasizing agriculture.
    This project builds upon a successful one in Romania.

*   Agricultural Production -- Through several projects led by other
    institutions/organizations, WSU faculty have and continue to participate
    in Farmer-to-Farmer and on private sector development projects related
    to potatoes and potato storage; tree-fruit production; pest-management;
    and others.

 James B. Henson
 Director, International Programs
 RM 328 French Administration Building
 Washington State University
 Pullman  WA  99164-1034

 INTERNET    henson@wsuvm1.csc.wsu.edu
 Telephone   509.335.2541
 FAX         509.335.1949
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University of Washington - School of Business Administration

The University of Washington and its partner, Washington State University, have
worked in close coordination with the Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest, the
Academy of Economic Studies and the National Agency for Privatization in
Romania to develop and implement a USAID-funded management training and
economics education program there.  Agriculture is an area of emphasis in this
business training program.  The relationships between the above institutions is
intended to lead to stronger business education programs at the indigenous
Romanian institutions for development of a small business assistance program.


Contact:
Tom Wincek
Executive Programs, DJ-10
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
tel. 206-543-8560
fax  206-543-6872
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University of Wisconsin-Madison

The following information is from Peter Bloch:

Dr. Bloch is the PI of a project dealing with land privatization in the NIS.
The University of Wisconsin-Madison has a subcontract to Chemonics on a USAID
"Omnibus" contract.  The work so far has been in Russia but a new project is
under bid which would include all of Eastern Europe.  U Wisconsin's piece of
the land privatization project, April-June 1994, involves farm restructuring
models: 1) observation of the land privatization process and analysis to see
which models emerge and 2) analysis to determine whether spontaneous processes
corroborate the utility of the International Finance Corporation model--a model
which was tested in Nizhny Novgorod and which the Russian Government has
endorsed for the rest of the country.

U Wisconsin also has a 6-month pilot project to work on the design phase of a
land titling and registration project.  This project involves not simply
agricultural lands but also urban lands.  The aim is to increase security of
ownership.

A communications component of the Omnibus contract calls for public education
programs to get out the word that private ownership is a worthy pursuit.


Contacts:
Peter C. Bloch
email: pcbloch@facstaff.wisc.edu
voice: 608/265-2109, fax: 608/263-5461

William Thiesenhusen, Director of the Land Tenure Center,
      UW-Madison
tel.--608-262-3657
email--WILLIAM.THIESENHUSEN@MAIL.ADMIN.WISC.EDU