For example, in 1994 out of 1000 people in the age group of 25-29 years:
Five institutions for higher education are placed in Penza:
There are 13 colleges and about 70 public schools. Several private education institutions have been established in Penza recently.
Two theaters are located in Penza: the Regional Dramatic Theater named after A.V. Lynacharsky, and the "Little Eagle" puppet show. These theaters have their own buildings. There are also independent actor companies which perform on rented stages. The Penza State Circus is one of the oldest in the country.
There are several museums: the Museum of Local History, the Museum of One Picture, the Folk Art Museum, and the Museum of Contemporary Art named after V.E. Mejerhold. There is also the Region Picture Gallery named after K. Savitsky. The public libraries of the city hold more than 4.1 million books.