Starting in 1992 I have been sending out material in Russian
copied from sources in Russia, usually periodicals, through email
usually once or twice a week. This message is to let you know that
this free service is available for non-commercial use.  The material
is intended to be of interest to many persons, including those
studying Russian at a non-elementary level and those reading
Russian and wanting to know about some current events in Russia as
seen through Russian eyes.  Also from older sources there are articles
containing material that does not lose its significance through time,
e.g. about the lives and works of prominent writers and musicians of
the past.   These are the same articles that appear in five different
formats in subdirectories of Russian home page

   REaDable (RED), KOI-7 (KO7), cp=866 (AV), KOI-8 (KO8), cp=1251 (WIN).
These fonts are separate from those for a configured browser for reading
the articles in Cyrillic on the web pages.

     You must subscribe by notifying me by sending your full name, your
email address and WHICH FORMAT you use  to 

  In this file there are five messages containing the encoded forms of
the Russian alphabet listed in order in upper and lower case.  The third
line contains the translation: PEACE and FRIENDSHIP are beautiful words
in every language.  Text sent in formats (1) and (2) appear in English letters,
which represent Cyrillic counterparts.  Text in formats (3), (4) and (5) is in
Cyrillic without being changed.  It is sent plain, and is not encoded, not
UUENCODED, not MIME, not BtoA...    Appropriate Cyrillic fonts are
needed to read these.
    Unfortunately, some mailer software distort binary messages.  If this
happens in your case I suggest that you read the section below describing
KOI-7 (2).

 (1)    The following is what I call  REaDable (*.RED) in English letters:
A B V G D E E Zh Z I J K L M N O P R S T U F X Ts Ch Sh Shch ` Y ' E Yu Ya
a b v g d e e zh z i j k l m n o p r s t u f x ts ch sh shch ` y ' e yu ya
   MIR i DRUZhBA yavlyayutsya prekrasnymi slovami v kazhdom yazyke.

 (2)   Next is the same message in KOI-7 format (*.KO7):
a b w g d e $ v z i j k l m n o p r s t u f h c ~ { } " y x | ` q
A B W G D E # V Z I J K L M N O P R S T U F H C ^ [ ] _ Y X \ @ Q

 (3)   Next is the same message in Cyrillic using alternativnij variant
(AV) (IBM 866).
                  ' ' " "            "
      㦡  ४묨 ᫮   몥.

 (4)   Next is the same message in Cyrillic using KOI-8.

 (5)   Last is the same message in Cyrillic using format IBM 1251 for

    The READABLE (1) format is the most simple for a user: it is easier
to read and it requires no additional software to read it.  The  Russian
letters have been replaced by nearly phonetic groups of English letters.
The messages in READABLE format are intended for immediate reading,
without converting them back to Cyrillic.

    With more difficulty it is possible to read messages in the KOI-7 (2)
format.  Since it is a simple one-for-one substitution of English letters
and punctuation for Cyrillic, there are programs that convert messages sent
in this format back to Cyrillic.  However, a problem arises if the messages
contain both Russian and English words.  Moreover, one must have a computer
that has Cyrillic fonts.
    I have developed programs to convert KOI-7 (2) to each of the Cyrillic fonts
(3) (4) (5).  Therefore those who cannot receieve plain text messages directly
in Cyrillic may receive messages in KOI-7 and then use one of these programs
to see the message in Cyrillic.

    The font (3) Alternativnyj Variant (AV), also known as IBM 866, is used
in MS DOS in Russia.  
 It includes all 33 letters, both upper and lower cases, and the number sign  No
but not the Cyrillic quotes  <<  >>.

    I believe that the message in the AV format can be loaded into
WordPerfect 5.1 and read there.  In that case the Russian Module should be
installed, WordPerfect is started with the command  WP/cp=866 (there are
other numbers such as 899,...) and after WP is ready, the TEXT IN/OUT keys
are pressed.

    The KOI-8 format (4) has become very popular in Russia for sending
messages in Russian over the net. Yet it is deficient in three letters:
e and E  with two dots over them and upper case hard sign which looks
like  b  with the upper part extended to the left.  It does have the
quotes  <<  and  >>  but not the number sign  No .  Moreover the Cyrillic
letters are not stored in the font file in alphabetic order, so it is
more difficult to program a sort. 

    The 1251 format (5) is used with Microsoft WINDOWS in the US and often in Russia.  It has
the most symbols including all 33 letters of the alphabet (both upper and lower
case) as well as  <<  >>  No .

    When I receive your request for subscribing, the list will send you a
response saying that you are subscribed.  If you do not receive any response
from me or eml then please send another request.  Hopefully these indicate
that they are chosen from various fields of interest, e.g. politics, economics, literature,
sociology... so that if one article is not of interest then in the near
future another should be more interesting.

    If a week passes and you receive nothing, please send another request
for subscription to me.  I do make mistakes sometimes and enter the address
incorrectly. More often you are subscribed but the articles do not reach
you - they "bounce back" to me with error messages.

    If I receive  error messages stating that messages could not be
delivered at some address, then I may remove that address from the mailing
list(s).   You can always request a new subscription.

    At the beginning of September, 2001  there were a total of  130+ subscribers
from about 15 countries.  You are welcome to subscribe.

    Sometimes the link to Internet goes down.  During that time your
messages to me or to the eml will bounce back to you with error messages.
Wait and try again later to send the messages.  I do appreciate
encouragement, as this service is given entirely voluntarily and without
compensation.  It requires considerable amount of my time.  The
housekeeping chores associated with maintaining the five emls, and now
postings on the web, are time consuming also, but I do want to do all
this whenever possible.  The articles are sent out through email from
the address  But I look at e-mail sent to the
AOL address much more often.  Please send your messages to that address
given below.

    My apologies for such a long message but it includes answers to
questions of general interest and to questions from some of the
subscribers in the past.

    Richard B. Paine