MIK, KAK EGO IZOBRAZhAET NAUKA DVADTsATOGO VEKA[1]

Glava 6


Stranitsa 26 ------------------

Sleduyushchie nedeli byli tak polny novyx vpechatlenij[2], chto ya chasto doxodil do tochki presyshcheniya[3], i mne prixodilos' prosto ubegat' k sebe i otdyxat' v teploj vanne.

Na kazhdom shagu ya stalkivalsya s chem-nibud' novym i neponyatnym, inogda vosxishchayushchim, inogda uzhasayushchim[4]. Dazhe s pomoshch'yu postoyannyx[5] ob`yachnenij moego priyatelya[6], kapitana Styuarta, mne bylo chrezvychajno trudno razobrat'sya[7] v slozhnoj zhizni dvadtsatogo veka.

Ya byl tsentrom vnimaniya ne tol'ko goroda N'yu-Jorka, ne tol'ko Soedinennyx Shtatov, no i vsego sveta. Gde by ya ne poyavlyalsya na ulitse, tolpa okruzhala menya. Vse menya znali, tak kak ya uchastvoval vo mnogix televizionnyx programmax. Gazety ezhednevno pisali[8] obo mne. S menya sdelali tysyachi fotograficheskix snimkov. Vot eshche chudo dvadtsatogo veka - fotografiya! Fotograficheskoj 'kameroj' dazhe rebenok mozhet sdelat' tochnoe izobrazhenie lyubogo predmeta[9]. A kniematograficheskim priborom mozhno dazhe vosproizvodit' izobrazheniya dvizhushchixsya predmetov[10]. S menya sdelali i mnozhestvo takix dvizhushchixsya snimkov.

Chtoby dat' mne vozmozhnost' otdoxnut' i odnovremenno podgotovit' menya k bolee polnomu ponimaniyu[11] zhizni dvadtsatogo veka, kapitan Styuart odnazhdy povel menya v glavnyj muzej goroda.

Eto gromadnoe zdanie, kazalos', soderzhalo obraztsy vsego, chto kogda-libo sushchestvovalo na svete[12]. Ya byl podavlen obshirnost'yu znanij[13] cheloveka dvadtsatogo veka. Naskol'ko luchshe nas on ponimal okruzhayushchij ego mir! A ved' proshlo lish'[14] dvesti tridtsat' let s nashix vremen[15]!

~~~~ Footnotes ~~~~
[1] The world as depicted by twentieth century science
[2] impressions
[3] reached the saturation point
[4] At every step I encountered something new and incomprehensible which sometimes was thrilling, sometimes terrifying
[5] constant
[6] friend
[7] find my way, understand
[8] daily wrote
[9] even a child can make an exact picture of any object
[10] reproduce images of moving objects
[11] at the same time prepare me for a more complete understanding
[12] specimens of everything that had ever existed on the earth
[13] I was crushed by the vastness of knowledge
[14] only
[15] since our times

Stranitsa 27 ------------------

Samym vazhnym, po moemu mneniyu[16], rezul'tatom nauchnogo progressa etix dvux stoletij yavlyaetsya luchshee ponimanie chelovekom svoej roli vo vselennoj[17]. Xotya i my uzhe znali, chto Zemlya lish' odna iz men'shix planet solnechnoj sistemy, my vse zhe v glubine dushi[18] verili, chto ona tsentr vselennoj, a chelovek - tsel i gordost' ee[19]. No vsem prosveshchennym lyudyam dvadtsatogo stoletiya davno stalo yasno, chto Zemlya lish' peschinka na beregu bespredel'nogo okeana, a chelovek - lish' iskra v pylayushchem ogne zhizni[20].

Sozertsanie[21] vselennoj glazami novoj nauki zaxvatyvaet dux[22]. Ponyat' vselennuyu umom sovershenno nevozmozhno. Ee mozhno tol'ko chuvstvovat' serdtsem, kak poeziyu vysshego roda.[23] Nam, v vosemnadtsatom veke, uzhe kazalas' nevoobrazimoj[24] velichina[25] solnechnoj sistemy. Rasstoyanie ot Zemli do solntsa priblizitel'no 93 milliona mil'. Rasstoyanie zhe ot nas do blizhajshej nepodvizhnoj zvezdy - chetyre svetovyx goda[26]! Eto znachit, chto svetu nuzhno chetyre goda, chtoby projti rasstoyanie mezhdu etoj zvezdoj i nami, a svet rasprostranyaetsya so skorost'yu sta vos'midesyati shesti tysyach mil v sekundu!

Bol'shinstvo drugix nepodvizhnyx zvezd eshche gorazdo dal'she ot nas - sotni, tysyachi i desyatki tysyach svetovyx let. Vse zhe eti zvezdy eshche, tak skazat', nashi sosedi, obitateli nashej zvezdnoj sistemy, nashej galaktiki[27].

~~~~ Footnotes ~~~~
[16] in my opinion
[17] is man's beter understanding of his role in the universe
[18] in the depth of our soul
[19] its goal and pride
[20] the Earth is only a grain of sand on the shore of a boundless sea, and man - merely a spark in this blazing fire of life
[21] contemplation
[22] takes one's breath away
[23] poetry of the highest order
[24] unimaginable
[25] size
[26] to the nearest fixed star is four light years
[27] are still, so to say, our neighbors, inhabitants of our stellar system, our galaxy

Stranitsa 28 ------------------

A est' milliony galaktik vo vselennoj. Rasstoyanie ot nas do blizhajshix galaktik million svetovyx let, a do samyx dalekix, dostizhimyx[28] tol'ko sil'nejshim teleskopom - tysyacha millionov let. No dazhe iz-za nix, iz samoj glubiny prostranstva, vse eshche svetitsya zvezdnaya pyl'[29]!

Nashe solntse lish' odna iz nesmetnyx milliardov[30] zvezd. Nado predpolagat', chto i vokrug mnogix drugix solnts vrashchayutsya planety, i chto na nekotoryx planetax sushchestvuyut usloviya, blagopriyatnye dlya vozniknoveniya i razvitiya zhizni[31]. Tak kak mnogie iz etix obitaemyx planet[32] gorazdo starshe Zemli, to mozhno dazhe predpolagat', chto zhizn' na nix dostigla bolee vysokoj stepeni[33] razvitiya chem u nas, i chto tam zhivut razumnye sushchestva, kotorye prevosxodyat nas v fizicheskom, umstvennom i duxovnom razvitii[34].

Skol'ko milliardov let uzhe sushchestvuet vselennaya, astronomy ne znayut. No oni predpolagayut, chto nasha planeta obrazovalas' priblizitel'no dva milliarda let tomu nazad. Proshli milliony let - i poyavilas' na Zemle zhizn'. I stala zhizn' razvivat'sya. Postepenno[35], odin za drugim, poyavilis' novye, bolee razvitye organizmy - i vyshel nakonets na stsenu chelovek. Eto sluchilos' priblizitel'no million let tomu nazad. Snachala chelovek kazalsya prosto zhivotnym[36], ves'ma poxodim na obez'yanu. Postepenno zhe, v tyazheloj bor'be za sushchestvovanie,

~~~~ Footnotes ~~~~
[28] attainable
[29] But even from behind them, from the very depth of space, still glistens star dust
[30] countless billions
[31] conditions favorable to the origin and evolution of life
[32] Since many of these inhabitable planets
[33] degree
[34] rational beings who surpass us in their physical, mental, and spiritual development
[35] gradually
[36] animal

Stranitsa 29 ------------------

on nauchilsya izgotovlyat' predmety i pol'zovat'sya ognem[37]. On stal izdavat' zvuki[38], poxozhie na chelovecheskuyu rech'. Nakonets, bolee dvadtsati pyati tysyach let tomu nazad, poyavilsya chelovek, kotoryj v svoem umstvennom razvitii uzhe byl raven sovremennomu[39] cheloveku.

Chitatel' nesomnenno[40] sprosit, kak eto uchenye mogut znat' chto proisxodilo na Zemle milliony let tomu nazad. Uchenye znayut istoriyu Zemli blagodarya tomu[41], chto nauchilis' chitat' knigu, napisannuyu samoj prirodoj. Oni issledovali kamni v gorax i rudnikax i nashli, chto oni raspolozheny v opredelennom poryadke[42]. Po etomu poryadku i po fizicheskomu i ximicheskomu sostavu[43] kamnej uchenye opredelili vremya ix obrazovaniya[44]. V kamnyax zhe nashli okamenelye rasteniya[45] i skelety zhivotnyx, kotorye zhili milliony let tomu nazad.

Vojdya v odin bol'shoj zal muzeya, ya na mgnovenie[46] podumal, chto kakim-to volshebstvom ya byl perenesen obratno[47] v Brobdingnag. U dverej stoyal skelet zhivotnogo poxozhego na slona, no pochti vdvoe bol'she ego[48]. Eto byl skelet mamonta, zhivshego v Amerike sto tysyach let tomu nazad. V seredine zhe zala stoyal nastoyashchij velikan - 'dinozavr', rod yashcheritsy[49], pyatnadtsati futov vysoty i semidesyati pyati futov dliny! Dinozavry vymerli[50] priblizitel'no 150 millionov let tomu nazad.

~~~~ Footnotes ~~~~
[37] iin the difficult struggle for existence he learned to make things and use fire
[38] to utter sounds
[39] contemporary, modern
[40] undoubtedly
[41] thanks to the fact
[42] situated in a definite order
[43] composition
[44] determined the time of their formation
[45] petrified plants
[46] for a moment
[47] back
[48] nearly twice as large
[49] a real giant Q a "dinosaur"z a kind of lizard
[50] died out

Stranitsa 30 ------------------

My i osmotreli model' odnogo 'satellita'. Vot eshche neimovernyj podvig[51] nauki dvad0atogo veka: ej udalos' vybrosit' predmet za predely[52] zemnoj atmosfery v prostranstvo, na sotni i tysyachi mil', i zastavit'[53] ego vrashchat'sya vokrug Zemli!

Ves' den my brodili po muzeyu. Ya glyadel i ne mog naglyadet'sya[54]. Krome astronomicheskix, geologicheskix i antropologicheskix otdelov menya osobenno interesoval geograficheskij otdel. Ya brosilsya k ogromnomu[55] glomusu i stal vertet' ego. Kazalos', chto geografy uspeli issledovat' vse do poslednego kusochka zemnogo shara. Dazhe vokrug polyusov ostalos' malo terra incognita.

Ya pytalsya najti na globuse Liliputiyu i Blefusku - ya otlichno pomnil ix mestopolozhenie[56] v Indijskom okeane - no iz ne bylo. Ya sprosil kapitana Styuarta naschet moix ostrovov i on otvetil, chto geografy naprasno[57] pytalis' najti ix. Ya ne mog poverit', chto more poglotilo[58] ostrovki, na kotoryx ya byl vsego dvesti shest'desyat let tomu nazad. Ya togda zhe reshil sam najti ix, S pomoshch'yu 'letayushchej lodki' eto bylo by ne trudno.

~~~~ Footnotes ~~~~
[51]I incredible feat
[52] beyond the limits
[53] compel
[54] could not look enough
[55] huge
[56] location
[57] in vain
[58] swallowed up

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