SECOND PART CONCLUDING AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

LAST UPDATE: 03/15/94

CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS APPROVED BY RF PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN AND SUBMITTED TO NATIONAL REFERENDUM IN DECEMBER 1993

1. The Constitution of the Russian Federation comes into force from the day of
its official publication on the basis of the results of a nationwide vote.  The
 election day, December 12, 1993 is considered the day of adoption of the Const
itution of the Rus

sian Federation.  Simultaneously, the Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the Rus
sian Federation - Russia, adopted 12 April, 1978, with the changes and amendmen
ts that followed, ceases to be valid.  In the event of a situation of nonconfor
mity between the C

onstitution of the Russian Federation and the Federal Treaty - the Agreement on
                                               Russian Constitution (p74 of 77)
 the Delineation of Jurisdiction and Powers between the Federal Bodies of State
 Power of the Russian Federation and the Bodies of State Power of the Sovereign
 Republics making

up the Russian Federation, the Agreement on the Delineation of Jurisdiction and
 Powers between the Federal Bodies of State Power of the Russian Federation and
 Bodies of State Power of the territories, regions, the cities of Moscow and St
. Petersburg of the Russian Federation, the Agreement on the Delineation of Jurisdiction and Powe
rs between the Federal Bodies of State Power of the Russian Federation and Bodi
es of State power of the autonomous region, autonomous areas
making up the Russian Federation, and similarly other agreements between the Fe
deral Bodies of State Power of the Russian Federation and Bodies of State Power
 of the subjects of the Russian Federation, agreements between Bodies of State
Power of the subjects of the Russian Federation, the
provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation shall apply.
2. Laws and other legal acts in effect on the territory of the Russian Federati
on until the enactment of this Constitution are enforced in so far as they do n
                                               Russian Constitution (p75 of 77)
ot contravene the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
3. The President of the Russian Federation, elected in accordance with the Cons
titution (Fundamental Law) of the Russian Federation - Russia, from the day thi
s Constitution takes effect exercises the powers set down in the Constitution u
ntil the end of hi

s term for which he was elected.
4. The Council of Ministers - the Government of the Russian Federation from the
 day this Constitution takes effect assumes the rights, duties and responsibili
ties of the Government of the Russian Federation set down in the Constitution o
f the Russian Fede

ration and in future shall be designated as the Government of the Russian Feder
ation.
5. Courts in the Russian Federation exercise the right to administer justice in
 accordance with their powers as set down in this Constitution.  After the Cons
titution takes effect the judges of all courts of the Russian Federation preser
ve their powers un

til the end of their terms for which they were elected. Vacancies shall be fill
ed in accordance with the procedures set down in this Constitution.
                                               Russian Constitution (p76 of 77)
6. Until the adoption of a federal law setting forth the procedures
for trial by jury, the prior procedure for conducting trials shall be
retained.  Until the enforcement of criminal-procedural legislation of the Russ
ian Federation in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, the prio
r procedures of the arrest, custody and detention of individuals suspected of c
ommitting crimes s

hall be maintained.
7. The Federal Council and the State Duma of the first convocation shall be ele
cted for a two-year term.
8. The Federation Council shall hold its first session on the 30th day after el
ection. The first session of the Federation Council shall be opened by the Pres
ident of the Russian Federation.
9. A deputy of the State Duma of the first convocation may simultaneously be a
member of the Government of the Russian Federation. Deputies of the State Duma
- members of the Government of the RussianFederation - are not covered by the p
rovisions of this

Constitution concerning deputies' immunity from responsibility for their activi
ties (or their lack of
activity) connected with the execution of their official duties.  Deputies of t
he Federation Council of the first convocation shall exercise their powers on a
 temporary basis.
econstruction of the Ground and

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