SECTION ONE Chapter 5. Federal Assembly

LAST UPDATE: 03/15/94

CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS APPROVED BY RF PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN AND SUBMITTED TO NATIONAL REFERENDUM IN DECEMBER 1993

Article 94.  The Federal Assembly -- Parliament of the Russian Federation --sha
ll be the supreme representative and legislative body of the Russian
Federation.

Article 95.  1. The Federal Assembly shall consist of two chambers
-- the Federation Council and the State Duma.
2. Two deputies from each subject of the Federation shall be members of Federat
ion Council: one from the representative and one from the executive bodies of s
tate authority.
3. The State Duma shall consist of 450 deputies.

Article 96.  1. The State Duma shall be elected for a term of four years.  2. T
he procedure for forming the Federation Council and the procedure for electing
deputies to the State Duma shall be established by federal law.

Article 97.  1. Any citizen of the Russian Federation aged 21 and older who has
 the right to take part in elections may be elected deputy to the State Duma. 2
                                               Russian Constitution (p50 of 77)
. One and the same person may not concurrently be a deputy to the Federation Co
uncil and to the S

tate Duma. A deputy to the State Duma may not be a deputy to any other represen
tative body of state power or bodies of local self-government.
3. The deputies to the State Duma shall work on a permanent professional basis.
 Deputies to the State Duma may not be employed in the civil service or engage
in any activities for remuneration other than teaching, research or other creat
ive activities.

 Article 98.  1.  Deputies to the Federation Council and deputies to
the State Duma shall possess immunity throughout their term in office. A deputy
 may not be detained, arrested, searched except when detained in
the act of perpetrating a crime, and may not be subject to personal search
except when such search shall be authorized by law to ensure the safety of
other people.
2. The question of stripping a deputy of immunity shall be decided on the
recommendation of the Prosecutor-General of the Russian Federation by the
corresponding chamber of the Federal Assembly.

Article 99 1. The Federal Assembly shall be a permanent body.
                                               Russian Constitution (p51 of 77)
2. The State Duma shall hold its first session on the 30th day after its electi
on. The President of the Russian Federation may convene a session of the State
Duma before this term.
3. The first session of the State Duma shall be opened by the oldest
deputy.  4. From the start of the work of the new State Duma the powers of the
previous State Duma shall cease.

 Article 100.  1. The Federation Council and the State Duma shall sit separatel
y.
2. The sessions of the Federation Council and the State Duma shall be open. Eac
h chamber has the right to hold closed sessions as envisaged by its rules.
3. The chambers may have joint sessions to hear the addresses of the President
of the Russian Federation, addresses of the Constitutional Court of the Russian
 Federation and speeches by leaders of foreign states.

 Article 101.  1. The Federation Council shall elect from among its members the
 Chairman of the Federation Council and his deputies. The State Duma shall elec
t from among its members the Chairman of the State Duma and his deputies.
2. The Chairman of the Federation Council and his deputies, the Chairman of the
 State Duma and his deputies shall preside over the sessions and
supervise the internal rules of the chamber.
                                              Russian Constitution (p52 of 77)
3. The Federation Council and the State Duma shall form committees and commissi
ons, exercise parliamentary supervision over issues within their jurisdiction a
nd hold parliamentary hearings.
4. Each chamber shall adopt its own rules and solve questions of
internal organization and work.
5. In order to exercise control over the federal budget the Federation Council
and the State Duma shall form an Accounting Chamber, the membership and rules o
f order of which shall be determined by federal law.

Article 102.  1. The jurisdiction of the Federation Council shall include: a) a
pproval of changes of borders between the subjects of the Russian Federation; b
) approval of the decree of the President of the Russian Federation on the intr
oduction of martia

l law; c) approval of the decree
of the President of the Russian Federation on the introduction of a state of em
ergency; d) making decisions on the possibility of the use of
the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian
 Federation; e) calling of elections of the President of the Russian Federation
; f) impeachment of the President of the Russian Federation.  g) the appointmen
t of judges of the
                                               Russian Constitution (p53 of 77)

 Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Court of the Russi
an Federation, and the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation;
h) the appointment to office and the removal from office of the Prosecutor-Gene
ral of the Russian

 Federation; i) the appointment to office and removal from office of the deputy
 Chairman of the Accounting Chamber and half of its staff of its
auditors.  2. The Federation Council shall pass resolutions on the issues withi
n its jurisdiction under the Constitution of the Russian Federation.  3. The de
crees of the Federation Council shall be adopted by a majority
of all deputies to the Federation Council unless otherwise provided for
by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

Article 103.  1. The jurisdiction of the State Duma shall include: a) granting
consent to the President of the Russian Federation for the appointment of the C
hairman of the Government of the Russian Federation; b) decisions on confidence
 in the government

 of the Russian Federation; c) the appointment and dismissal of the Chairman of
 the Central Bank of the Russian Federation; d) the appointment and dismissal o
                                               Russian Constitution (p54 of 77)
f the Chairman of
the Accounting Chamber and half of its staff of auditors; e) the appointment an
d dismissal of the Plenipotentiary for Human Rights acting in
accordance with the Federal Constitutional Law; f) granting amnesty; g) bringin
g charges against the President of the Russian Federation for his impeachment.

2. The State Duma shall adopt resolutions on the issues of its jurisdiction
envisaged by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.  3. The resolutions of
 the State Duma shall be adopted by a majority of votes of all deputies of the
State Duma unless otherwise provided for by the Constitution of the Russian Fed
eration.

Article 104.  1. The President of the Russian Federation, the Federation Counci
l, the members to the Federation Council, the deputies to the State
Duma, the Government of the Russian Federation and the legislative
(representative) bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall have th
e right of legislative initiative. The Constitutional Court of the Russian Fede
ration, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Court of Ar
bitration of the R

ussian Federation shall also have the right of legislative initiative within th
                                               Russian Constitution (p55 of 77)
eir jurisdiction.
2. Draft laws shall be introduced in the State Duma.
3. The draft laws on the introduction or abolishing of taxes, exemptions from t
he payment thereof, on the issue of state loans, on changes in
the financial obligations of the state and other draft laws providing for
expenditures covered from the federal budget may be introduced to the State Dum
a only with a corresponding resolution by the Government of the Russian
Federation.

 Article 105.  1. Federal laws shall be passed by the State Duma.
2. Federal laws shall be passed by a majority of votes of all deputies of the S
tate Duma unless otherwise provided for by the Constitution of the Russian Fede
ration.
3. Laws adopted by the State Duma shall be passed to the Federation
Council for review within five days.
4. A federal law shall be considered passed by the Federation Council if more t
han half of its deputies vote for it or if within fourteen days
it has not been considered by the Federation Council. In the event the
Federation Council shall reject the federal law, the chambers may set up a
conciliatory commission to settle the differences, whereupon the federal law sh
all again be considered by the State Duma.
                                               Russian Constitution (p56 of 77)
5. In the event the State Duma shall disagree with the decision of the Federati
on Council, the federal law shall be considered adopted if, in the second votin
g, at least two-thirds of the total number of deputies to the State Duma vote f
or it.

Article 106.  The federal laws adopted by the State Duma shall be considered by
 the Federation Council on a mandatory basis if such laws deal with the issues
of: a) the federal budget; b) federal taxes and levies; c) financial, monetary,
 credit and custom

s regulations and money emission; d) ratification and denunciation of internati
onal treaties of the Russian Federation; e) the status and protection of the st
ate border of the Russian Federation; f) war and peace.

Article 107.1. An adopted federal law shall be sent to the President of the Rus
sian Federation for signing and publication within five days.
2. The President of the Russian Federation shall, within fourteen days, sign a
federal law and publish it.
3. If the President rejects a federal law within fourteen days since it was sen
t to him, the State Duma and the Federation Council shall again
consider the law in accordance with the procedure established by the
                                               Russian Constitution (p57 of 77)
Constitution of the Russian Federation. If, during the second hearings, the
federal law shall be approved in its earlier draft by a majority of not less th
an two thirds of the total number of deputies of the Federation
Council and the State Duma, it shall be signed by the President of the
Russian Federation within seven days and published.

Article 108.  1. Federal constitutional laws shall be passed on issues specifie
d in the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
2. A federal constitutional law shall be considered adopted, if it has been app
roved by a majority of at least three quarters of the total number
of deputies of the Federation Council and at least two thirds of the total
number of deputies of the State Duma. The adopted federal constitutional law sh
all be signed by the President of the Russian Federation within
fourteen days and published.

 Article 109.  1. The State Duma may be dissolved by the President of the Russi
an Federation in cases stipulated in Articles 111 and 117 of the Constitution o
f the Russian Federation.
2. In the event of the dissolution of the State Duma, the President of the Russ
ian Federation shall determine the date of elections so that the newly-elected
State Duma shall convene not later than four months since the time of dissoluti
                                               Russian Constitution (p58 of 77)
on.
3. The State Duma may not be dissolved on grounds provided for by Article 117 o
f the Constitution of the Russian Federation within one year after its
election.
4. The State Duma may not be dissolved since the time it has brought
accusations against the President of the Russian Federation and until a
corresponding decision has been taken by the Federation Council.  5. The State
Duma may not be dissolved during the period of the state of emergency or martia
l law throughout the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as within six
 months of the expiry of the term of office of the President of the Russian Federation.