The Azerbaijan Pages

A Basic Guide to Survival on Your First Visit to Baku

All of what follows is based on personal observation and experience. People who have more (or different) experience may disagree. I would welcome comments and corrections.

None of what follows is to be taken as criticism of Azerbaijan or the Azerbaijani people. After 70 years of Soviet rule, they are striving hard to bring their country into the 20th Century, and prepare it for the 21st - and succeeding. However, in many ways, the infrastructure is not yet up to world standards, and as a foreign visitor you need to be prepared for this.


For the traveller, Azerbaijan is strictly a cash economy. The appropriate currencies are the US dollar and the Azeri Manat. After plummeting for months, the Manat has recently been fairly stable at about 4500 to the dollar. Since the second half of 1995, shops have become more reluctant to take dollars (since it is now technically illegal for them to do so). However there are so many shops and other places in the city center where you can change money that this is not a problem in practice.

English is not widely spoken.

You should carry your passport with you at all times when you are on the street. Local people are required to do this, and if you do, it will make life easier for you in the event that you are stopped by the police.

Azerbaijan has suffered several coup attempts in recent years, and has also suffered a bloody war over Nagorno Karabakh. Understandably, comments or jokes about political affairs are not likely to be well received, and it is better to avoid these subjects altogether.

Getting about in Baku

There is a metro (underground) system, which is very cheap. At certain times of day, the metro gets VERY crowded. Pushing and shoving are normal. Be prepared!

If you travel by metro, you may have to walk a fair distance from the station to your final destination.

A year or so ago, there was a terrorist bombing on the metro. As a result, people are very security conscious; there are guards at the metro stations, and if you are carrying any kind of bag, they may ask to search it. This is normal, and should not be a cause for concern.

In October 1995, an horrific accident on the metro killed more than 300 people in a fire.

It is also possible to flag down any passing car on the street, and ask if they will take you to wherever you want to get to. (Obviously, you need to speak the language, for this to work). Agree a price before you get in.


Azerbaijan is generally safer than the USA or Europe - there is less violent crime, but bizarre and occasionally violent incidents do seem to be on the increase.

You can walk the streets safely by day in most places. After dark, more caution is needed. Ladies should generally not go around on their own after dark, and should avoid taking taxis on their own at any time.

If you are recognised as a foreigner, you may be stopped and questioned by the police. On one trip, I was standing outside Baku Sovieti metro, and the police hauled me (and two friends) inside, searched us and questioned us. They were polite, and there was no physical violence. Nonetheless, this was a slightly un- nerving experience. If it happens to you, stay calm; whatever you do, do not let yourself get angry, and do not resort to any kind of threats or abuse. Be patient. I was only kept a few minutes; someone else I knew was detained for several hours before being released.


Make sure before you travel that your innoculations are up to date, and that you have travel insurance which will cover medical evacuation if necessary. If you have any kind of serious illness while in Baku, you are recommended to fly out to Istanbul (or Frankfurt, or London), rather than depending on local hospitals, where medical supplies are often pitifully short, and medical practices can be old fashioned.

Almost everyone has minor health problems in Baku (upset stomachs, fevers etc). It is worth taking a basic health kit (Tylenol / Paracetamol, Imodium, plasters, antiseptic cream) with you.

It is not recommended to drink tap water unless it has been filtered or boiled. This is the main transport mechanism for bugs. In recent years, there have been outbreaks of cholera in the former Soviet Union, including the north Caucasus area.

Similarly, raw fruit and vegetables are to be regarded as suspect.

Things which are (usually) safe to eat: Most things which have recently been cooked, bread, meat, soup, ice cream, candy cars, drinks which come in cartons or foil packs (from Iran), anything which is pre-packed.

There is a growing number of Turkish restuarants and kebab shops in the city center. These are generally good places to eat. If you hanker for something a bit "westernised", try the recently opened "Rapsodi" restuarant on Fountain Square.

I recently discovered a good clean Indian restuarant, about 50 yards along from the 26 Commissars monument towards the Palace of Government. (26 Commissars monument is just across from Sahil metro). I ate there a couple of times without getting ill, and enjoyed the meal both times. The veggie Samosas are particularly good.

Telephone - international calls

The local phone system is being upgraded, but for the present, it is still out of date. From some exchanges, you can now direct dial to other countries, but from many, you still need to go through the International operator. You also have to book your call, and then wait for an hour or more until the operator calls you back. The international operators are supposed to speak English, but in practice I have found that if I need to make an international call, it's better to engage the help of someone who "knows the ropes" and speaks the language.

Return to Travel Information main page


Communicate with author