Digest for 95-03-02


                          Table of Contents

WHAT'S NEW . . .

#01-02 March 95  New and Past Ecostan News Issues

#02-02 March 95  Visa Information From US Embassy in Moscow


RECENT EMAIL . . .

#01-02 March 95  Sender:  JGALLER@delphi.com
                 Subject: Siberian Floating Trade Show?

#02-02 March 95  Sender:  verdet@gprhp.insa-lyon.fr
                 Subject: working in the CIS

#03-02 March 95  Sender:  kcollins@maildrop.com (Kyle Collins)
                 Subject: Kyrgyzstan Information Source

#04-02 March 95  Sender:  THRICE109@delphi.com
                 Subject: friends richard olsen

#05-02 March 95  Sender:  Chris Allen  C598333@MIZZOU1.missouri.edu
                 Subject: RUSSIAN MEDIA LAW

#06-02 March 95  Sender:  Michael Davids  mdavids@spruce.flint.umich.edu
                 Subject: Re: Reproductive Health Care in Russia (fwd)

#07-02 March 95  Sender:  grampo@isrir.msk.su
                 Subject: Russian information available

#08-02 March 95  Sender:  "Jim Cashel"  cashel@eurasia.org
                 Subject: RAMP press release (x-post)

#09-02 March 95  Sender:  GSM.EESUS@USDA.SPRINT.COM
                 Subject: JOB OPPORTUNITY (x-post)

#10-02 March 95  Sender:  "Found.for Agrar. Dev. Res."  admin@FADR.MSK.RU
                 Subject: FADR news

APPENDIX:        LISTSERV address & basic procedures

----------------------------------------------------------------------

WHAT'S NEW . . .

*  The March, 1995 and the June through September, 1994 issues
   of Ecostan News can be found from the Science Page.  We will soon
   have all issues up on the World Wide Web.

*  The U.S. Embassy in Moscow has updated the informational
   handout about non-immigrant visa application procedures  Included
   in this document is all the information that is needed in order
   to apply for this type of visa including documents needed, hours,
   directions to the office and much more.  From the "tourism and
   travel" page.

----------------------------------------------------------------------
E-MAIL POSTINGS . . .

Please continue to send your e-mail to friends@solar.rtd.utk.edu.


** 001 **********************************************************************

Sender:  JGALLER@delphi.com
Subject: Siberian Floating Trade Show?

I recently saw an article referring to a Russian entrepreneur who was
assembling a floating "Trade Show" to cruise up Siberian rivers during
the summer months.  This clever plan has the "fleet" of boats or barges
with exhibits and business representatives docking at different cities
and industrial centers.

I think it's an interesting idea, but unfortunately I cannot locate the
article.  If any readers can help me find out more information or contact
this individual, I'd appreciate it.

Thank you,

Justin Galler
908-685-1011 voice
908-685-0578 fax

JGALLER@DELPHI.COM
Somerville, NJ, USA

** 002 **********************************************************************

Sender:  verdet@gprhp.insa-lyon.fr
Subject: working in the CIS

I'm a student in industrial engineering and will graduate in June.
I would like to work in the CIS/FSU as a production engineering.

That's why I'm looking for information on
        * societies or firms having production sites in the CIS/FSU
        * similar experiences
        * expatriation in general

Thank you.

        Carine Verdet

** 003 **********************************************************************

Sender:  kcollins@maildrop.com (Kyle Collins)
Subject: Kyrgyzstan Information Source

I saw a reference one time to a collection of information
about the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, but now I can't find
where I saw it.  I seem to remember that it was somewhere
in Australia.  Does anyone remember how to locate that
web or ftp site?

Thanks,
Kyle Collins

** 004 **********************************************************************

Sender:  THRICE109@delphi.com
Subject: friends richard olsen

i am a student minoring in international business, specalizing
in eastern europe (particualrly russia).  i am doing a paper on
the development of the stock exchange in russia and was
wandering if you had any sugestions on how to obtain
information on this subject.  you may e-mail me at
thrice109@delphi.com

** 005 **********************************************************************

Sender:  Chris Allen  C598333@MIZZOU1.missouri.edu
Subject: RUSSIAN MEDIA LAW

I am looking for a English-language version of the latest (1991-92?) law
on the media in Russia.  I have the broadcasting law passed late last
year; but I need the law for print media.  Does anyone know where to find
it?  I found the broadcast law on an archive, but that archive does not
have the print law.

Thanks for any help you can give me.  Please e-mail me directly.

Chris Allen

** 006 **********************************************************************

Sender:  Michael Davids  mdavids@spruce.flint.umich.edu
Subject: Re: Reproductive Health Care in Russia (fwd)

          Here is a rather interesting post I received this morn.
          I feel certain that someone on our F&P list can help
          her.  They should reply directly to her ... Thanx, MD

)From: MICHELLE A BLANCHARD  blancham@medlib.georgetown.edu
Subject: RE: Reproductive Health Care in Russia

I am new to this discussion group, but I have noticed that there has
been a few inqueries into abortion practices in other countries.  I was
wondering if anyone had any insight into abortion and reproductive
health care in Russia or Eastern Europe.

Michelle A. Blanchard
GYN/ONC
Georgetown Univ.
Blancham@medlib.Georgetown.edu

** 007 **********************************************************************

Sender:  grampo@isrir.msk.su
Subject: Russian information available

Dear Friends,

      We  would  like  to  inform  you  about  the  project
"Development  of  Primary Library Resources  Exchange  with
Russia", presently implemented in Russia by the Association
for  International Education, and request you  to  indicate
your  interest  to  cooperate  with  the  project.  Project
provides  quick, easy and low-cost access  to  the  Russian
information   resources   of   libraries,   archives    and
information agencies.

      Project specializes on retrieval of journal articles,
portions of books and reference information. As the on-line
access  to  library  catalogs in Russia  is  limited,  main
emphasis  is  being  made on assisted  subject  search  and
material retrieval. In this mode, a request coming  from  a
foreign researcher is being handled personally by a Russian
librarian  by means of internal search instruments  of  the
agency. Then the results are digitized and sent.

      Project  employs Ariel(TM)-software-based technology,
developed by the Research Libraries Group(R), for the high-
quality document transfer via the Internet.

      Association for International Education, which  is  a
not-for-profit  organization, is acting as a  clearinghouse
for the incoming requests. Then the request is re-addressed
to  the appropriate library, archive service or information
agency for processing.

      If you are interested in the services provided and in
cooperating with project, please, send us a short notice of
interest, overview of your information services and list of
Russian information resources/fields you are interested.

Looking forward for the information and comments,

Project Coordinator:

Alexander N. Gruntsev
Programs Director
Association for International Education
off.12-3, Schepkina 22
129090, Moscow, Russia
7 (095) 971-1354
7 (095) 284-0143 - fax
Ariel: 193.124.147.99
E-mail: grampo@isrir.msk.su
___________________________________________________________

** 008 **********************************************************************

Sender:  "Jim Cashel"  cashel@eurasia.org
Subject: RAMP press release (x-post)

     FYI
______________________________ Forward Header __________________________________
Subject: RAMP press release
Author:  fsumedia@sovam.com
Originator: fsumedia@sovam.com at Internet
Date:    2/24/95 7:18 PM

Friends,

Here's the promised press release kicking off the competition for US/Russian
media partnerships (1.5 pp). Please feel free to cross-post and forward to
others.
-----
For Immediate Release
22 February 1995

The Russian-American Media Partnerships Program (RAMP), funded by the U.S.
Agency for International Development (USAID) in September 1994, opens its
competitive grants program on February 15, 1995 for U.S. and Russian media
organizations.  The $10 million, three-year grants program is the largest
U.S. media assistance effort in Russia.  Grants ranging from $20,000 to
$300,000 will be awarded to approximately 20 partnerships to help strengthen
non-governmental Russian media by providing access to U.S. management
expertise, training and other resources.

Grant recipients may include newspapers, magazines, television and radio
stations, broadcast networks, newspaper groups, news agencies, press
associations, journalism schools, professional associations and other
entities engaged in media-related activities.  Funding is provided to both
Russian and American partners for internships, exchanges, training, site
visits and equipment.  Organizations already in bilateral relationships or
newly formed Russian-American partnerships may apply for support.  RAMP will
assist in identifying partners where needed.

Russian applicants must demonstrate potential for financial viability and
support open information exchange in Russia.  U.S. partners should have the
capacity to provide technical assistance and a willingness to make in-kind
contributions.  Emphasis is placed on regional and national activities as
well as on efforts that can be replicated.

Grants will be awarded in each of three phases through early 1996.  The
deadline for the receipt of proposals for Phase I is Friday, March 31, 1995.
The second and third phase deadlines will be announced at a later date. Final
award recipients will be selected by USAID following a qualifying process
administered by the project Management Group.

RAMP is managed by Internews, a non-profit organization based in Arcata,
California, and the Russian-American Press and Information Center (RAPIC), of
the New York University Center for War, Peace, and the News Media.  Internews
focuses on partnerships with electronic media, while RAPIC works exclusively
with print media.  The RAMP Management Group also includes the Corporation for
Public Broadcasting and Management Systems International, Inc.  Other
affiliated organizations include:  the All-Russian Institute of Press and Mass
Information, the American Press Institute, the Center for Foreign Journalists,
the International Press Institute, the National Association of Broadcasters,
the National Newspaper Association, the Soros Foundation, and the Russian
Association of Journalism Educators.

Internews was founded in 1982 to support the independent broadcast media in
the former Soviet Union and other parts of the world through training
programs and equipment grants. The organization has offices in Moscow, Kiev,
New York, Washington, DC, and San Francisco.  RAPIC is a project of the New
York University (NYU) Center for War, Peace, and the News Media, which has
supported the development of independent media in the former Soviet Union
since 1985. RAPIC centers are located in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny
Novgorod, and Novosibirsk.  The NYU Center maintains offices in New York and
Boston.

Together, Internews and RAPIC have over twenty years experience working with
the Russian media.  They have been the most active Western organizations
offering media management and business training for the non-governmental
media in Russia over the last decade.

For more information about the Russian-American Media Partnership Program and
to obtain a copy of the solicitation contact:  Deborah Mendelsohn or Don Allen
with Internews at 707-826-2030, or Judy K. Weddle or Julie V. Raskin with the
Center for War, Peace, and the News Media at 212-998-7988.  In Russia, contact
Gerard Langrognat or Paul Janensch, c/o RAMP/Moscow at 7095-973-2144.
-----
I should add: most of the above people are also available by e-mail:
 Deborah Mendelsohn  dmendelsohn@internews.org
 Don Allen  don@internews.org
 Judy Weddle  weddle@acfcluster.nyu.edu
 Julie Raskin  raskinj@is.NYU.EDU
 Gerard Langrognat  100422.324@compuserve.com
 Jaul Janensch  pjan@glas.apc.org

Best, Eric

** 009 **********************************************************************

Sender:  GSM.EESUS@USDA.SPRINT.COM
Subject: JOB OPPORTUNITY (x-post)

JOB OPPORTUNITY

Position:  Director, Volkhov Small Business Incubator

Responsibilities:  Manage the start-up and first two years of
operation for a small business incubator with ten businesses, 60
percent of which will be women-led.  Develop and manage tenant
selection, site completion, recruit staff, advise tenant
businesses, help tenants locate capital, structure and oversee
business education and training, community relations, report to
board of governors.

Requirements:  Proven track record in managing small business,
highly developed people skills, and a proven ability towork
effectively in a start up situation in a cross cultural setting.
Ability to speak Russia, and willingness to learn the language if
not already fluent.  Previous working experience in Russia
desirable; or a demonstrable ability to work under Russian
conditions.  Flexibility in adjusting to unexpected circumstances
day-to-day; ability to assume a variety of roles, including
landlord, facility manager, training coordinator, credit officer,
business consultant, negotiator, mentor, spokesperson, conflict
manager, community leader, etc.  Adventuresome spirit, excellent
health and sense of humor.  Two year commitment.

Geographic location of position:  The town of Volkhov straddles
the Volkhov River, near Lake Ladoga, two hours north of St.
Petersburg by car or train.

Salary range:  $60,000, plus benefits, apartment, car and driver,
annual trip home.

Time period:  Two years, starting April 1995

Contact information:
Ida F.S. Schmertz
Vice President, Alliance of American and Russian Women
90 Riverside Drive
New York, NY  10024
tel. (212) 877-3284
fax. (212) 877-3476

** 010 **********************************************************************

Sender:  "Found.for Agrar. Dev. Res."  admin@FADR.MSK.RU
Subject: FADR news

Dear colleagues,

With this note Foundation for agrarian development research  (FADR) starts
a regular translation of regional Russian news, available in our on-going
electronic Conference FADRnews. You may subscribe to this Conference by
sending a message: "subscribe srcc.FADRnews" to the following address:
                 Newsserver@srcc.msu.su
Russian Scientific Research
Institute of Agroforestry Amelioration (VNIALMI) has published (in
Russian) the collected articles "Agroforestry and landscape". The
articles deal with scientific and practical approuches of agroforestry
and landscape landuse; thus, they will be helpful for specialists in
landscaping, ecologists and biologists.
     The list of articles contains:
1. Ye.S.Pavlovsky, V.I.Petrov. Agroforest amelioration and adaptive
nature-use in arid zone.
Is shown effect of agroforestry in improvement of degraded territories.
Is determined strategy and tactics of adaptive natare-use and its
stages.
2. Ye.A.Garshinev. Conception and metodological aspects of forest
amelioration.
Is made attempt of conceptional discussion of forest amelioration pa-
radigm in the terms of systematical approach, unbalanced thermodyna-
mics, theory of catastrophes. Are determined terms of goal, subject
and method of forest amelioration. Is affirmed that the subject of fo-
rest amelioration as a science is a special field of physics ("forest
ameliorative physics) - aerohydrodynamical local and spatial energy-
mass exchange in the zone of transition "protective forestations-
surroundings"; and the main method is the method of gradient sections.
Is grounded the necessity to delimit spheres of forest amelioration
and protective afforestation and to develope system of forest ameliora-
tive agriculture.
3. A.M.Stepanov. Agroforest ecosystems on arable lands.
Is given information about establishment of field windbreaks on dry
and irrigated lands. Are given indices of windbreaks efficiency in
wind erosion control, characteristics of module forestations, resis-
tant schemes of protective forestations on dry lands, methods of fab-
ric barriers, polimers, herbicides and soil grassing. Is characterized
hydrological effect of forestations when irrigation (biological drai-
nage) and productivity of agricultural crops.
4. A.N.Sazhin, M.YDolgilevitch. Regionalization of territory according
to its subjection to wind erosion and wind erosion and windbreak sys-
tems design for soil conservation.
Is suggested conception of agroforestry regionalization of areas of
wind erosion processes spreading of West Europe, West Siberia and
North Kasakhstan. The presented documents can be used in Research and
Development and project organizations for development of soil concer-
vativ measures.
5. B.A.Isupov, V.M.Kretinin. Complex evaluation of forest- growing
conditions of agroforestry regions.
Is suggested method and complex of indices for evaluation of ecologi-
cal tension of territories. Are given estimated marks of tension of
geomorptological, and soil-climatic conditions of forest growth for
the agroforestry regions of former SU. The research data is background
for conservative regionalization and planning of agroforestry measures
depending on territory.
6. V.M.Kretinin. Forest suitability of soils of agroforest regions.
Are suggested soil parameters for definition of soil groups according
to their forest suitability. Are determined agroforestry areas accor-
ding to the groups of forest suitability. The presented data can be
used for determination of kinds of agroforestry measures and woody
species assortiment for afforestation of the territory of former SU.
7. A.A.Kulygin, I.V.Reviako, I.Ya.Gurova. Agroforestry regions of
Northern Caucasus.
Are given characteristics of physical, geographical, climatic and fo-
rest growing conditions of Northern Caucasus. Are described sippes of
agroforestry region; is suggested species assortiment for afforesta-
tion.
8. B.V.Vinogradov, K.N.Kulic, A.N.Salugin. Prediction of desertifi-
cation of pastures of Western Caspian Sea by means of Remote Sensing.
Are shown possibilities of different time Remote Sensing photography
for operative and reliable evaluation of desertification. Is shown
many-year dynamics of development of pastures of four types. Is con-
ducted mathematical modelling and predicted degradation of the eco-
systems of Black Lands Region.
9. H.Dabbit. Phytoameliorative estimation of agrarian territories of
North-Western Caspian Sea and Eastern Mediterranean.
Is made analysis of phytoecological conditions of North-Western Caspi-
an and Eastern Mediterranean by means of Remote Sensing. For the first
time has been developed an agroforestry map of pastures of Syria. Is
suggested species assortiment for phytoamelioration of the territory
under consideration.
10. A.T.Barabanov, Ye.A.Garshinev. Contour organization of territory
and agroforestry.
Is made a comperative analysis of natural and anthropogene soil con-
servative systems; is estimated flow-regulative effect of various me-
thods of erosion control. The first method of calculation erosion is
considered to be anti-erosion effect of flow-regulative shelterbelts
and other linear boundaries. Is made a conclusion that methods of dis-
persed action are of low efficiency and it's necessary to use control
boundaries and, mainly, shelterbelts.
11. K.I.Zaitchenko. Transformation of mineral phase and its relations
with humus of eroded soils of sylvoagrarian landscape.
Is described specific transformation of mineral phase of dark-chestnut
eroded loamy soil sheltered by flow-regulative forest strips. Is deter-
mined that at the distance of 5H the content of clayey fraction de-
creases, whereas, the amount of dispersed minerals of montmorillonite
group in it increases.
12. M.M.Lazarev. To principles of establishment of effective field
windreaks.
Is given analysis of agrobiological effect of field windbreaks. Are
shown parameters and species assortment of forestations, their atten-
dance by insects flying from breeding sites.
13. T.P.mucha. Pollution of agrocoenosis and biological system of
agriculture.
Is analysed possibility of tested rates of organic fertilizers within
windbreak system aimed at drawing of biological elements into agricul-
ture and averting of surroundugs pollution. Is studied effect of 5-year
old windbreaks on processes of mineral nitrogen volatilization. Is de-
termined interconnection between different rates and dates of fertili-
zers application and gaseous wastes of nitrogen from chestnut soil on
fallow and winter wheet plantations.
14. I.G.Zykov, S.P.Pomeshtchicov, V.I.Panov. Aspects of estimation of
potential energy of sheet flow in basins.
Are considered new methods of estimation of potential energy of sheet
flow (PESF) in specific basins. Is suggested method of profiles for ba-
sins of dells and blind creeks, and generalizedmethod for basins of
small rivers. Are shown comograms of connections between possible
excess, flow layer, specific PESF of thawing water and hight of erosion
basis of plot under consideration. Is developed formula for calculation
of PESF for any potential energetic zone and sub-zone. The developed
methods allow to forecast water erosion and determine necessary measu-
res for erosion control in basins.
15. S.N.Krutchkov. Researches on geographical cultures of oak in dry
steppe for definition of regions for seed production.
On the basis of many year researches on geographical cultures of oak
were defined suitable regions for acorn procurement for establishment
of biologically resistant shelterbelts in dry steppe regions: in Volgo-
grad and Samara Oblasts and in Kalmykia. The research data testify
that in difficult plant-growing conditions it is expedient to use seed
material from local adapted oak stands or from regions with similar
edaphytic conditions.
16. G.P.Arkhangelskaya. In vitro and in vivo rooting of Robinia pyra-
midalis tissue culture.
Rooting of microsporouts of Robinia is effective in nutritive solution
of Gresshoff-Doy with 0.3 mg/l of indole-buteric acid (IBA) and 0.1
mg/l of naphthyl-acetic acid (NAA), and solution of Murashige-Scoog
with 1.0 mg/l of IBA and 0.5% of activated carbon. Were attained good
results by rooting of tissue cultures in non-sterilized substratum
with prior treatment by IBA (50 and 100 mg/l), NAA (100mg/l) and succi-
nic acid.
17. Ye.A.Krukova, M.N.Belitskaya. State and development of researches
on protection of shrubs on sylvopastures against harmful organizms.
Are presented data on phytophages complexes in planted forestations on
pastures, as well as, diseases diagnostics, ways and methods of sprea-
ding of infection, and factors that favour diseases attacks. Is stated
that complex of prophylactic agrotechnical measures and biological
means is very effective for pest and disease control in plantations of
calligonum, eurotia and tamariks.
18. Ye.A.Krukova, G.B.Fedunova. Protection of agroforestry woodlots of
dry steppe region against mycosis and bacterial diseases.
Are presented data on spreading of mycosis and bacterial diseases in
protective forestations of oak and elm in dry steppe region depending
on their design and species assortment. Are suggeted prophylactic and
forestry measures aimed at increase of survival and resistance of said
species.
19. I.K.Verbitsky. Agrotechnical estimation of role of rehabilitated
windbreak systems in intensification of agriculture.
Is studied role of artificially rehabilitated windbreak systems in
intensificationof grain production in 4 crop fallow row-crop rotation.
Is determined that the industrial expenses on 1 ha of sheltered fields
increase by 4-9% in comparison to those unsheltered; however, due to
mean annual 17-22% increase in productivity of sheltered grain crops,
the output, if calculated for 100 rubles of expenses and 1 hour of
work of tractor equipment, increases by 10-15% and 13-16% correspon-
dently; while net price of 1 centner of gross output of grain decrea-
ses by 9-13%.
20. L.B.Tchsherbakova. Landscape approach for estimation of economical
efficiency of protective afforestation.
The given methods of estimation of economical efficiency of protective
forestations allow to exposure changes in sheltered agrolandscapes;
drawing of wastelands into agricultural utilization, elimination of
soil erosion, structural transformations in agriculture and, as a re-
sult, harvesting of additional 499 centners of fodder units (23,8%)
per ha in sheltered farms.

      If you have any questions or want  to acquire this articles,
contact VNIALMI:
      39, Krasnopresnenskaya str.
      400062, Volgograd, RUSSIA
      tel: (011-7)(8442) 43-40-02; 43-43-18
      fax: (011-7)(8442) 43-34-72
      e-mail: korp@fiar.tsaritsyn.su

      With the best wishes, Sergey Korpushov, FADR Low Volga
coordinator

*****************************************************************************

----------------------- END FRIENDS March 02, 1995 -------------------------

APPENDIX


FRIENDS is a free service started by friends in Russia and the United
States. This Listserv is one element of that service.

To subscribe to FRIENDS (if someone has passed you a copy of this
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consisting of *one line* of the following format:

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To unsubscribe from FRIENDS, send the message UNSUBSCRIBE FRIENDS to:
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To visit the FRIENDS WWW server, use the following URL if you have
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If you don't have a WWW browser, just telnet to solar.rtd.utk.edu
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For those who need it, the IP address of our computer is 128.169.112.24.

Please address any comments, questions, or suggestions to your
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Greg Cole, gcole@solar.rtd.utk.edu

---------------------------------------------


Greg Cole
Research Services
The University of Tennessee                  Phone: (615) 974-2908
211 Hoskins Library                            FAX: (615) 974-6508
Knoxville, TN  37996                         Email: gcole@solar.rtd.utk.edu