|R16 on launch pad - |
Credit: © Mark Wade. 9,592 bytes. 153 x 362 pixels.
Range 12,000 km. Tsniimash has 1:10 structural simulation model. Two stage ICBM with nitric acid oxidizer. Developed 1956-1961. Entered service 1961. Chief designer Yangel. Source: Placard, TsNIIMASH.
Liftoff Thrust: 226,510 kgf. Total Mass: 137,000 kg. Core Diameter: 3.0 m. Total Length: 35.0 m.
Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On the Creation of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile R-16(8k64) with Start of LKI in June 1961--start of work on the R-16 ICBM' was issued.
Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On start of dedicated work on the R-9 and R-16 ICBMs' was issued.
This directorate's activities were limited specifically to safekeeping of the warheads of the RSVN rocket forces.
Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 236-89 'On creation of the State Commission for the R-16 ICBM' was issued.
State Committee for Defence Technology (GKOT) Decree 'On creation of shaft units (silos) for the R-12, R-14, R-16, and R-9 missiles' was issued.
First attempted launch of R-16 ICBM results in explosion on pad, killing nearly 100 military, engineers, and technicians, including Strategic Rocket Forces Marshal Nedelin.
|R-16 - R-16 ICBM|
Credit: © Mark Wade. 4,000 bytes. 44 x 400 pixels.
State Committee for Defence Technology (GKOT) Decree 'On the Organisation of Military Duty of the R-16U (Unified Variant)--putting the R-16U missile into operation' was issued.
U.S.S.R. announced that it would launch a series of "more powerful and improved rockets. (Article in Red Star timed to coincide with first firing of new rocket series in the Pacific.)
Credit: © Mark Wade. 822 bytes. 32 x 308 pixels.
Decree 'On adoption into armaments of the R-16 surface variant' was issued.
Decree 'On adoption into armaments of the R-12U, R-14U, and R-16U shaft versions' was issued.
Up to 1965 the warheads were still stored separately form Soviet ballistic missiles. This was changed so that the individual nuclear weapons units were made an integrated part of the operational rocket field units.