This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com
Family: Winged. Country: Russia. Status: Study 1997.
Fully reusable vertical takeoff, horizontal landing two stage to orbit concept. Abandoned in favor of Orel V6.
LEO Payload: 10,000 kg. to: 200 km Orbit. at: 51.0 degrees.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .