|Nova NASA 7 Solid Mo - Nova NASA 7 Solid Motors|
Credit: © Mark Wade. 1,608 bytes. 51 x 441 pixels.
Cluster of 7 160 inch solid motors used as first stage; upper stages as Nova 4S and 8L.
LEO Payload: 197,300 kg. to: 160 km Orbit. at: 0.0 degrees. Payload: 75,300 kg. to a: translunar trajectory. Liftoff Thrust: 8,906,450 kgf. Total Mass: 7,492,760 kg. Core Diameter: 11.6 m. Total Length: 123.0 m.
Rosen Committee studies in November and December indicated that the most flexible choice for Apollo was the Saturn C-4, with two required for the earth orbit rendezvous approach or one for the lunar orbit rendezvous mission, with a smaller landed payload. The panel rejected solid motors again, but Rosen himself still pushed for Nova. An extra F-1 engine was 'slid in' for insurance, resulting in the Saturn C-5 configuration. The Manned Space Flight Management Council decided at its first meeting that the Saturn C-5 launch vehicle would have a first stage configuration of five F-1 engines and a second stage configuration of five J-2 engines. The third stage would be the S-IVB with one J-2 engine. It recommended that the contractor for stage integration of the Saturn C-1 be Chrysler Corporation and that the contractor for stage integration of the Saturn C-5 be The Boeing Company. Contractor work on the Saturn C-5 should proceed immediately to provide a complete design study and a detailed development plan before letting final contracts and assigning large numbers of contractor personnel to Marshall Space Flight Center or Michoud.
The preparation of schedules based on the NASA Fiscal Year 1962 budget (including the proposed supplemental appropriation), the Fiscal Year 1963 budget as submitted to Congress, and Fiscal Year 1964 and subsequent funding was discussed at the Manned Space Flight Management Council meeting. Program assumptions as presented by Wernher von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), were approved for use in preparation of the schedules :
The Office of Systems under NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight summarized its conclusions on the selection of a lunar mission mode based on NASA and industry studies conducted in 1961 and 1962:
|Nova Concepts - NASA|
Credit: © Mark Wade. 13,422 bytes. 640 x 349 pixels.