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Family: H. Country: Japan. Status: Development.
All-solid satellite launch vehicle.
Launches: 3. Failures: 1. Success Rate: 66.67% pct. First Launch Date: 12 February 1997. Last Launch Date: 10 February 2000. LEO Payload: 1,800 kg. to: 200 km Orbit. at: 30.0 degrees. Payload: 1,300 kg. to a: 200 km, 90 deg inclination orbital trajectory. Liftoff Thrust: 430,000 kgf. Total Mass: 137,500 kg. Core Diameter: 2.5 m. Total Length: 30.8 m. Development Cost $: 220.00 million. in 1997 average dollars. Launch Price $: 60.00 million. in 1999 price dollars.
- Stage Number: 1. 1 x M-V-1 Gross Mass: 83,560 kg. Empty Mass: 12,070 kg. Thrust (vac): 385,488 kgf. Isp: 276 sec. Burn time: 46 sec. Isp(sl): 246 sec. Diameter: 2.5 m. Span: 2.5 m. Length: 13.8 m. Propellants: Solid No Engines: 1. M14
- Stage Number: 2. 1 x M-V-2 Gross Mass: 34,470 kg. Empty Mass: 3,410 kg. Thrust (vac): 126,984 kgf. Isp: 288 sec. Burn time: 71 sec. Isp(sl): 203 sec. Diameter: 2.5 m. Span: 2.5 m. Length: 6.8 m. Propellants: Solid No Engines: 1. M24
- Stage Number: 3. 1 x M-V-3 Gross Mass: 11,000 kg. Empty Mass: 1,000 kg. Thrust (vac): 30,000 kgf. Isp: 301 sec. Burn time: 102 sec. Isp(sl): 0 sec. Diameter: 2.2 m. Span: 2.2 m. Length: 3.6 m. Propellants: Solid No Engines: 1. M34
- Stage Number: 4. 1 x M-V-4 Gross Mass: 1,430 kg. Empty Mass: 118 kg. Thrust (vac): 5,300 kgf. Isp: 298 sec. Burn time: 73 sec. Isp(sl): 0 sec. Diameter: 1.2 m. Span: 1.2 m. Length: 1.5 m. Propellants: Solid No Engines: 1. M-V-4
1997 Feb 12 - - 04:50 GMT. LV Configuration: M-V s/n M-V-1. Launch Site: Kagoshima . Launch Complex: M-V.
- Haruka Spacecraft: Haruka. Payload: MUSES B.
1998 Jul 3 - - 18:12 GMT. LV Configuration: M-V s/n 3. Launch Site: Kagoshima . Launch Complex: M-V.
- Nozomi Spacecraft: Planet-B. Mass: 258 kg.
Originally known as Planet-B; renamed Nozomi ('Hope') after launch. The third stage and payload entered a 146 x 417 km x 31.1 deg parking orbit. The KM-V1 kick (fourth) stage then fired to place the spacecraft into a circumlunar 359 x 401491 km x 28.6 deg orbit. Nozomi made multiple lunar and Earth gravity assist passes to increase its energy for solar orbit insertion and the cruise to Mars.. The spacecraft used a lunar swingby on 24 September and another on 18 December 1998 to increase the apogee of its orbit. It swung by Earth on 20 December at a perigee of about 1000 km. The gravitational assist from the swingby coupled with a 7 minute burn of the bipropellant engine put Nozomi into an escape trajectory towards Mars. It was scheduled to arrive at Mars on 11 October 1999 at 7:45:14 UT, but the Earth swingby left the spacecraft with insufficient acceleration and two course correction burns on 21 December used more propellant than planned, leaving the spacecraft short of fuel. The new plan is for Nozomi to remain in heliocentric orbit for an additional four years and encounter Mars at a slower relative velocity in December 2003.
2000 Feb 10 - - 01:30 GMT. LV Configuration: M-V s/n 4. Launch Site: Kagoshima . Launch Complex: M-V. FAILURE: First stage failure. An anomalous vibration was detected 25 seconds after launch. At 41 seconds ceramic heat shields in the first stage nozzle
broke and fell off, and thrust vector control on the nozzle was lost.
- ASTRO E Spacecraft: ASTRO E. Payload: ASTRO E.
X-ray astronomy satellite. Stage 1 lost control, and separated with the rocket off-course at 75 seconds in the flight. Stage 2 burned correctly and separated at 218 seconds, followed by the third stage burn at 621 seconds. Last signals were received at 20 minutes after launch. ASTRO-E was to have separated from the third stage at 23 minutes, but ended in an orbit with a perigee of only 80 km and an apogee of 410 km. It probably reentered on the first orbit at around 0230 - 0300 GMT somewhere between East Africa and western China.
- 42 - Isakowitz, Steven J,, International Reference to Space Launch Systems Second Edition, AIAA, Washington DC, 1991.
- 61 - Wilson, Andrew, editor,, Jane's/Interavia Space Directory, Jane's Information Group, Coulsdon, Surrey, 1992 et al.
- 455 - Isakowitz, Steven J,, International Reference to Space Launch Systems Third Edition, AIAA, Washington DC, 2000.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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