This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at Molniya 8K78L

Family: R-7. Country: Russia. Status: Study. Article Number: 8K78L.

The Molniya 8K78L was designed by Korolev's design bureau for launching a manned spacecraft on a flyby of the Moon and return to earth. To achieve this it would have used Lox/LH2 engines in the third and fourth stages. Preliminary design was completed on 8 July 1962, but such technology was years away in the Soviet Union and the project was not pursued further.


Payload: 5,000 kg. to a: translunar trajectory.

Molniya 8K78L Chronology

1962 Jul 8 -


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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .