This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at Bizan-T

Family: Winged. Country: USSR. Status: Study 1981.

Air launched from catamaran heavy-life aircraft, predecessor of later Gerakl / Molniya-1000 design. 900 tonnes takeoff mass. Release conditions: Suspended load, Mach 0.7 at 8 to 9 km altitude. Effective velocity gain compared to vertical launch 270 m/s.


LEO Payload: 9,000 kg. to: 200 km Orbit. at: 51.0 degrees. Total Mass: 200,000 kg.


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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .