This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at Bizan

Bizan Orbiter
Bizan Orbiter -

7,528 bytes. 350 x 167 pixels.

Family: Winged. Country: USSR. Status: Study 1981.

Bizan was the 1982 Soviet air-launched spaceplane design iteration between the '49' and 'MAKS' concepts. Like the '49', it was air-launched from atop an An-124 transport. Unlike the '49', it was a single-stage-to-orbit tripropellant concept. The rocket stage was equipped with Lox/Kerosene engines while the orbiter had reusable Lox/LH2 engines that drew propellant from the rocket stage. The advantage with the single stage was that the stage would land in the ocean across the world from the launch point. In the two-stage System 49, the first stage would crash into a drop zone 2000 km from the launching aircraft.

The rocket stage was equipped with a single NK-43A / 11D112A engine. The 15 tonne orbiter had two RD-57M / 11D57M engines. The orbiter had a 1000 km cross range and a landing speed of 300 km/hr. One crewmember could stay aloft for mission durations of up to 24 hours. The orbiter was designed for 200 reuses and had a 6.0 m x 2.8 m payload bay. As in the '49' concept, orbits of from 120 to 1000 km altitude and 45 to 94 degrees inclination could be attained.


LEO Payload: 4,000 kg. to: 200 km Orbit. at: 51.0 degrees. Total Mass: 200,000 kg.

Bizan Chronology


19,041 bytes. 640 x 193 pixels.

- 1982 During the Year -


Back to Index
Last update 12 March 2001.
Definitions of Technical Terms.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
© Mark Wade, 2001 .