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Family: Winged. Country: Russia. Status: Study.
Unique Russian space shuttle design of 1974. Hydrofoil-launched, winged recoverable first and second stages. Hydrofoil would have been propelled to launch speed by the launch vehicles rocket engines, using a 200 tonne fuel store in the hydrofoil. Advantages: launch from the Caspian Sea into a variety of orbital inclinations, variations in launch track possible to meet range safety requirements. Proposal of Alexeyev/Sukhoi OKBs.
LEO Payload: 30,000 kg. to: 220 km Orbit. Liftoff Thrust: 740,660 kgf. Total Mass: 320,000 kg. Core Diameter: 7.0 m. Total Length: 109.0 m.
- Stage Number: 0. 1 x Albatros Momentum Block Gross Mass: 2,000,000 kg. Empty Mass: 1,800,000 kg. Thrust (vac): 0 kgf. Isp: 455 sec. Burn time: 110 sec. Isp(sl): 337 sec. Diameter: 10.0 m. Span: 20.0 m. Length: 70.0 m. Propellants: Lox/LH2 None
- Stage Number: 1. 1 x Albatros Carrier Aircraft Gross Mass: 1,250,000 kg. Empty Mass: 210,000 kg. Thrust (vac): 800,000 kgf. Isp: 455 sec. Burn time: 580 sec. Isp(sl): 337 sec. Diameter: 7.0 m. Span: 40.0 m. Length: 91.0 m. Propellants: Lox/LH2 No Engines: 4. RD-0120
- Stage Number: 2. 1 x Albatros Raketoplan Gross Mass: 320,000 kg. Empty Mass: 82,000 kg. Thrust (vac): 200,000 kgf. Isp: 455 sec. Burn time: 270 sec. Isp(sl): 337 sec. Diameter: 7.0 m. Span: 25.0 m. Length: 49.0 m. Propellants: Lox/LH2 No Engines: 4.
- 130 - Kidger, Neville, Spaceflight, "The Soviet Shuttle (Letter)", 1983, Volume 25, page 251.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .