This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at Graphics Index Volume 95

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Orlan-DM Credit: Zvezda. File Name: orlandm2.jpg. Image width: 235 pixels. Image height: 350 pixels. Image size: 35,466 bytes.
Orlan-DM Credit: Zvezda. File Name: orlandmh.jpg. Image width: 350 pixels. Image height: 376 pixels. Image size: 43,157 bytes.
Orland-D Credit: (c) Mark Wade. File Name: orlandmw.jpg. Image width: 206 pixels. Image height: 469 pixels. Image size: 27,339 bytes.
Orlan Drawing Credit: NASA. File Name: orlandwg.gif. Image width: 300 pixels. Image height: 338 pixels. Image size: 31,170 bytes.
Orlan space suit Location: Gagarin Museum / Trade Pavilion, Moscow. Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: orlanmo.jpg. Image width: 232 pixels. Image height: 433 pixels. Image size: 23,379 bytes.
Os1095 Credit: ESA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: os1095.jpg. Image width: 320 pixels. Image height: 200 pixels. Image size: 16,912 bytes.
OS-1 Space Station Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: os1b.gif. Image width: 554 pixels. Image height: 253 pixels. Image size: 5,410 bytes.
TOS - 1969 TOS - N1 launched space station - 1969
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: os1c.gif. Image width: 630 pixels. Image height: 198 pixels. Image size: 2,899 bytes.
TOS - Lunar Lunar orbital version of N1-launched heavy orbital station (TOS).
Credit: © Mark Wade. File Name: os1lunar.jpg. Image width: 630 pixels. Image height: 285 pixels. Image size: 14,395 bytes.
Os9510I Credit: ESA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: os9510i.jpg. Image width: 320 pixels. Image height: 240 pixels. Image size: 12,706 bytes.
Osiris 1984 Credit: ESA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: osiris84.gif. Image width: 312 pixels. Image height: 469 pixels. Image size: 9,863 bytes.
OSO Credit: NASA. File Name: oso.jpg. Image width: 362 pixels. Image height: 260 pixels. Image size: 14,862 bytes.
Otrag 10K File Name: otrag10k.jpg. Image width: 245 pixels. Image height: 362 pixels. Image size: 13,203 bytes.
OTRAG Argosy support Antique Argosy transports provided logistics support for the program, in keeping with its low-cost, low-tech approach.
File Name: otragarg.jpg. Image width: 378 pixels. Image height: 87 pixels. Image size: 9,345 bytes.
OTRAG Congo Launch S File Name: otragcon.jpg. Image width: 340 pixels. Image height: 267 pixels. Image size: 36,441 bytes.
OTRAG Libya Launch S Launch site was located in the Seba Oasis 800 km south of Tripoli.
File Name: otraglib.jpg. Image width: 181 pixels. Image height: 446 pixels. Image size: 11,047 bytes.
OTRAG Pad The OTRAG four-module unit mounted on its pad in the Congo.
File Name: otragpad.jpg. Image width: 315 pixels. Image height: 432 pixels. Image size: 42,265 bytes.
OTRAG First Launch OTRAG first launch - went off course when one of the four modules failed to ignite.
File Name: otragtes.jpg. Image width: 589 pixels. Image height: 306 pixels. Image size: 23,076 bytes.
OTRAG Pad Workers' (or at least locals in OTRAG coveralls) cluster around the four-module launch vehicle at the pad in Zaire
File Name: otragwor.jpg. Image width: 332 pixels. Image height: 301 pixels. Image size: 34,758 bytes.
OTV - 1986 Space Tug depicted in NASA's 'Pioneering Space Frontier'. A space tug from the 1986 Pioneering the Space Frontier policy report.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: otv86psf.jpg. Image width: 640 pixels. Image height: 475 pixels. Image size: 44,009 bytes.
OTV - BRL -1985 1985 Lifting Body Space Tug Design. A NASA/Marshall space tug concept from 1985. This design would have better maneuvrability thanks to its aerodynamic shape, but it would also weigh more.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: otvbrl85.jpg. Image width: 525 pixels. Image height: 276 pixels. Image size: 19,814 bytes.
Space Tug - GD -1985 Space Tug - General Dynamics, 1985. NASA originally hoped to develop a space tug in the 1990s for manned missions to geostationary orbit and beyond. This modular design (from 1984) was proposed by General Dynamics who investigated space station/space tug integration issues in the early 1980s. Spherical tanks contain liquid hydrogen and oxygen propellant for the engines; three sets would be carried for manned or heavy-lift missions while one set would suffice for delivering smaller unmanned payloads. Note Shuttle and space station in the background. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: otvgd85.jpg. Image width: 577 pixels. Image height: 442 pixels. Image size: 58,517 bytes.
Space Tug - MM -1990 Robotic Satellite Servicer - Martin Marietta, 1990. NASA tried to integrate the OMV and Flight Telerobotic Servicer into a "Robotic Satellite Servicer." TRW and Martin Marietta were awarded $1.3-million phase B contracts in June 1990. The illustration depicts Martin's proposal. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: otvmm906.jpg. Image width: 389 pixels. Image height: 449 pixels. Image size: 44,158 bytes.
Space Tugs - 1985 1985 Space Tug Designs. NASA's 1980s space tug plans were usually based on the aerobraking concept. This NASA/Marshall concept from 1985 is equipped with a huge disc-shaped aeroshell which slows the vehicle down as it passes through the Earth's upper atmosphere. The space tug could then return heavy payloads from geostationary orbit without using any fuel to rendezvous with the low Earth orbit space station. Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: otvrel85.jpg. Image width: 398 pixels. Image height: 403 pixels. Image size: 24,710 bytes.
OTV / SAMPS Space Tug. One of the Science & Applications Manned Space Platform's most important missions was to serve as a "space harbor" for missions to geostationary orbit, where most communications satellites are located.
Credit: NASA via Marcus Lindroos. File Name: otvsamps.jpg. Image width: 639 pixels. Image height: 478 pixels. Image size: 36,268 bytes.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .