Encyclopedia
Astronautica
Home TX-780

Used in Delta 6900; Atlas IIAS; Castor 4A. Castor 4A began the development of a program to improve Delta performance by 11%. This was done by replacing the old fuel with HTPB propellant. The TX780-0, with an 11 degree canted nozzle is Used in the ground ignited booster. The TX780-1, with a 7 degree cant, and the TX780-2, (11degree cant) are ignited at altitude. The TX780-3 & 4 were developed as the ground and altitude ignited boosters, respectively. The TX780-5, a straight nozzle, powers OSC's Prospector suborbital vehicle.. First Flown: February 14, 1989, Delta 184. Flown: 163 to end of 1993 (100% success). Mass: 11,578 kg (propellant 10,121 kg) ground-ignited. Length: 8087/9199 mm loaded case with/without nozzle. Diameter: 1016 mm. Propellant Type: TP-H8299 HTPB Polymer (20% aluminium). Shape: cylindrical, with 76% web fraction. transitions to four longitudinal slots. Tailored for ignition and burn-out thrust to be similar to Castor 4. Mass Fraction: 0.874 for standard loading. Burn Time: 53.1 sec web. Thrust (kN, sea level, 21Celsius): 476.661 maximum with a n average of 436.736. Isp: 237.6 sec sea level at 21 Celsius. Itotal: 23,846 kNs sea level at 21 Celsius. Pressure: 46.60 atm average with a maximum of 49.86 atm at sea level. at 21 Celsius. Nozzle Throat Diameter: 278.6 mm. Nozzle Materials: carbon-phenolic. Casing Line: standard HT polymer. Igniter Type: pyrogen, head-end.

Manufacturer Name: TX-780. Other Designations: Castor 4A. Gross Mass: 11,743 kg. Empty Mass: 1,529 kg. Propellants: Solid. Thrust(vac): 48,774 kgf. Thrust(vac): 478.30 kN. Isp: 266 sec. Isp (sea level): 237 sec. Burn time: 56 sec. Diameter: 1.0 m. Length: 9.1 m. Chambers: 1. Chamber Pressure: 48.00 bar. Area Ratio: 9.29. Country: USA. Status: Hardware. First Flight: 1989.


Back to Index
Last update 25 April 1999.
Defintions of Technical Terms.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections, additions, or comments.

© Mark Wade, 1999 .