Manned five crew. Deployed Galileo .Payloads: Deploy IUS with Galileo spacecraft. Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV), Polymer Morphology (PM) experiments, IMAX camera project, Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) experiment, Growth Hormone Concentration and Distribution (GHCD) in Plants experiment, Sensor Technology Experiment (STEX), SSIP Student Experiment (SE) 82-15, Ice Crystals Experiment. First flight at this inclination.
Orbits of Earth: 79. Distance traveled: 3,218,687 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 116,831 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 88,881 kg. Payload to Orbit: 22,064 kg. Payload Returned: 4,819 kg. Landed at: Runway 23 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 361 kph. Landing Rollout: 2,949 m.
Mission Name: STS-34 (31)
Pad 39-B (12)
31st Shuttle mission
5th Flight OV-104
Donald E. Williams (2), Commander
Michael J. McCulley (1), Pilot
Franklin R. Chang-Diaz (2), Mission Specialist 1
Shannon W. Lucid (2), Mission Specialist 2
Ellen S. Baker (1), Mission Specialist 3
OPF - May 16, 1989
VAB - Aug. 21, 1989
PAD - Aug. 29, 1989
October 18, 1989, 12:53:40 p.m. EDT. Launch set for Oct. 12 rescheduled due to faulty main engine controller on number two main engine. Launch set for Oct. 17 rescheduled due to weather constraints for a return-to-launch-site landing at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility. Launch Weight: 257,569 lbs.
Inclination: 34.3 degrees
Duration: 4 days, 23 hours, 39 minutes, 20 seconds.
Distance: 2,000,000 miles (approx)
ET : 27/LWT-20
MLP : 1
October 23, 1989, 9:33:00 a.m. PDT, Runway 23, Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. Rollout distance: 9,677 feet. Rollout time: 60 seconds. Orbiter returned to KSC Oct. 29, 1989. Landing Weight: 195,954 lbs.
Primary payload, Galileo/Jupiter spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), deployed six hours, 30 minutes into flight. IUS stages fired, placing Galileo on trajectory for six-year trip to Jupiter via gravitational boosts from Venus and Earth and possible observational brushes with asteroids Gaspra and Ida. Secondary payloads included Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) experiment carried in cargo bay, and in crew cabin, Growth Hormone Crystal Distribution (GHCD); Polymer Morphology (PM), Sensor Technology Experiment (STEX); Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE); IMAX camera; Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiment that investigated ice crystal formation in zero gravity; and ground-based Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) experiment References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 , 7 .