Manned two crew. Payloads: Office of Space Science (OSS) experiments, Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR), Electro-phoresis Verification Test (EEVT), Plant Lignification Experiment. First and only landing by a shuttle at White Sands, New Mexico, after weather at Edwards did not permit landing there.
Reusable space transportation system.
Orbits of Earth: 129. Distance traveled: 7,081,113 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 106,782 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 93,924 kg. Payload to Orbit: 10,301 kg. Payload Returned: 10,301 kg. Landed at: Runway 17 dry lake bed at White Sands Missile Rang. Landing Speed: 407 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 332 m. Landing Rollout: 4,187 m.
Mission Name: STS-3 (3)
Pad 39-A (15)
3rd Shuttle mission
3rd Flight OV-102
2nd RMS Mission
1st White Sands landing
Jack R. Lousma (2), Commander
C. Gordon Fullerton (1), Pilot Backup
Crew: (after STS-3, backup crews were no longer named)
Thomas K. Mattingly (1), Commander
Henry W. Hartsfield (0), Jr., Pilot
OPF - Nov. 26,1981
VAB - Feb. 3, 1982
PAD - Feb, 16, 1982
Demonstrate safe re-launch and safe return of the orbiter and crew. Verify the combined performance of the entire shuttle vehicle - orbiter, solid rocket boosters and external tank.
Payloads included the 8,740lb Office of Space Science (OSS-1) Pallet consisting of the Plant Lignification Experiment, the Plasma Diagnostic Package (PDP), the Vehical Charging and Potential (VCAP) experiment, the Space Shuttle Induced Atmosphere experiment, the Thermal Canister experiment, the Solar Flare X-Ray Polarimeter, the Solar Ultraviolet and Spectral Irradiance Monitor (SUSIM), the Contamination Monitor Package and the Foil Microabrasion Package. Also in the payload bay was the 11,048lb Development Flight Instrumentation (DFI) Pallet and the 448lb Aerodynamic Coefficient Identification Package (ACIP).
The crew compartment housed the Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR) experiment and the Heflex Bioengineering Test (HBT) experiment.
March 22, 1982, 11:00:00 a.m. EST. Launch delayed one hour due to failure of heater on nitrogen gas ground support line. Launch Weight: 235,415 lbs.
Inclination: 38.0 degrees
Duration: Eight days, zero hours. four minutes, 46 seconds.
Distance: 3,334,904 miles
ET : 4/SWT-3
March 30, 1982,9:04:46 a.m. MST, Runway 17, Northrup Strip, White Sands, N.M. Rollout distance: 13,737 feet. Rollout time: 84 seconds. Landing site changed from Edwards to White Sands due to wet conditions on Edwards dry lake bed landing site. High winds at White Sands resulted in one day extension of mission, Some brake damage upon landing and dust storm caused extensive contamination of orbiter. Orbiter returned to KSC April 6, 1982. Landing Weight: 207,072 lbs.
Testing continued of Space Shuttle systems for qualification for operational flights. Testing of remote manipulator system and measurements of thermal response of orbiter in various attitudes to sun conducted. Get Away Special test canister and Spacelab pallet-mounted experiments for NASA's Office of Space Science- 1 (OSS-1) carried in payload bay. 0SS-1 obtained data on near- Earth space environment, including contamination (gases, dust, etc.) introduced into space by orbiter itself. Other experiments: Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR), Electrophoresis Equipment Verification Test (EEVT), Heflex Bioengineering Test (HBT) and first Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiment. Problems encountered: space sickness, malfunctioning toilet, thermostat difficulty and unexplained static interfering with crew sleep. Auxiliary power unit registered overheating during ascent, but functioned properly during descent. Three communications links lost. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 33 .