|Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-1A.|
|Spacecraft: Mars 3MV-4A. |
Mars probe intended to photograph Mars on a flyby trajectory. Elaboration of station systems and scientific research in interplanetary space. Carried six electric rocket engines of plasma type that served as actuators of the attitude control system. The spacecraft was equipped with a TV system that provided automatic inflight film processing.
|Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-1.|
|Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-3. |
The mission of this spacecraft was to land on the Venusian surface. The entry vehicle contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the coat of arms of the U.S.S.R. The station impacted Venus on March 1, 1966. However, the communications systems failed before planetary data could be returned.
|Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-4. Carried a TV system and scientific instruments.|
|Spacecraft: Venera 3V (V-70). |
Venus lander intended to study the Venusian atmosphere and other phenomena of the planet. After aerodynamic braking, a parachute was deployed, the capsule antenna was extended, and signals were returned. The capsule was the first man-made object to return data after landing on another planet.
|Spacecraft: Venera 3V (V-72). |
Venus atmospheric probe; instrumentation included temperature, pressure, and light sensors as well as radio transmitters. Velocity at Venus was reduced from 41,696 km/hr to about 900 km/hr by aerobraking. The 2.5 meter diameter parachute opened at an altitude of 60 km, and a refrigeration system was used to cool the interior components. Transmitted data during the descent and continued to send back data after landing.