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|Venera 8 - Venera 3V (V-72). Others in the 3V / 3MV series had a similar appearance.|
Credit: NASA. 34,211 bytes. 338 x 362 pixels.
Manufacturer's Designation: 3V (V-70). Class: Planetary. Type: Venus. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: Lavochkin.
Venus lander intended to study the Venusian atmosphere and other phenomena of the planet. After aerodynamic braking, a parachute was deployed, the capsule antenna was extended, and signals were returned. The capsule was the first man-made object to return data after landing on another planet.
Total Mass: 1,180 kg.
Venera 3V (V-70) Chronology
17 August 1970
Venera 7 Program: Venera. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. Mass: 1,180 kg.
Venera 7 was launched from an earth parking orbit towards Venus to study the Venusian atmosphere and other phenomena of the planet. Venera 7 entered the atmosphere of Venus on December 15, 1970, and a landing capsule was jettisoned. After aerodynamic braking, a parachute system was deployed. The capsule antenna was extended, and signals were returned for 35 min. Another 23 min of very weak signals were received after the spacecraft landed on Venus. The capsule was the first man-made object to return data after landing on another planet.
22 August 1970
Cosmos 359 Program: Venera. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L's engine 11D33 was late igniting and cut off early at 25 seconds after firing due to abnormal operation of the sequencer and a DC transformer failure. Mass: 1,180 kg. Perigee: 195 km. Apogee: 908 km. Inclination: 51.2 deg.
Probable Venus probe failure.
- 2 - McDowell, Jonathan, The United Nations Registry of Space Objects, Harvard University, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://hea-www.harvard.edu/QEDT/jcm/space/un/un.html
- 6 - JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/home.html
- 64 - Varfolomyev, Timothy, Spaceflight, "Soviet Rocketry that Conquered Space - Part 5", 1998, Volume 40, page 85.
- 65 - Novosti Kosmonavtiki, "Otmenenniy Start "Molniya-M"", 1997, Issue 1, page 29.
- 296 - National Space Science Center Planetary Page, As of 19 February 1999.. HTML when accessed: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planetary_home.html
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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