This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at Venera 3MV-1A

Venera 8
Venera 8 - Venera 3V (V-72). Others in the 3V / 3MV series had a similar appearance.

Credit: NASA. 34,211 bytes. 338 x 362 pixels.

Manufacturer's Designation: 3MV-1A. Class: Planetary. Type: Venus. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: Lavochkin.

Total Mass: 890 kg.

Venera 3MV-1A Chronology

11 November 1963 Cosmos 21 Program: Mars. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: During unpowered coast in parking orbit the escape stage Block L lost stable attitude. Engine ignition occurred in an incorrect direction. Mass: 890 kg. Perigee: 192 km. Apogee: 231 km. Inclination: 64.8 deg.

The stage with payload remained in Earth orbit as Cosmos-51 and burnt up on re-entry.

19 February 1964 3MV-1A Program: Mars. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: During Stage 3 burn a LOX leak through a faulty valve seal froze fuel in the pipeline. The pipeline broke off, resulting in explosion of Stage 3. Mass: 890 kg.


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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .