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|Venera 8 - Venera 3V (V-72). Others in the 3V / 3MV series had a similar appearance.|
Credit: NASA. 34,211 bytes. 338 x 362 pixels.
Manufacturer's Designation: 3MV-1A. Class: Planetary. Type: Venus. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: Lavochkin.
Total Mass: 890 kg.
Venera 3MV-1A Chronology
11 November 1963
Cosmos 21 Program: Mars. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: During unpowered coast in parking orbit the escape stage Block L lost stable attitude. Engine ignition occurred in an incorrect direction. Mass: 890 kg. Perigee: 192 km. Apogee: 231 km. Inclination: 64.8 deg.
The stage with payload remained in Earth orbit as Cosmos-51 and burnt up on re-entry.
19 February 1964
3MV-1A Program: Mars. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: During Stage 3 burn a LOX leak through a faulty valve seal froze fuel in the pipeline. The pipeline broke off, resulting in explosion of Stage 3. Mass: 890 kg.
- 64 - Varfolomyev, Timothy, Spaceflight, "Soviet Rocketry that Conquered Space - Part 5", 1998, Volume 40, page 85.
- 65 - Novosti Kosmonavtiki, "Otmenenniy Start "Molniya-M"", 1997, Issue 1, page 29.
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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