This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com
|Strela-1 - Strela-1 prototype. Later spacecraft in the series are believed to be similar in appearance.|
26,012 bytes. 260 x 388 pixels.
Article Number: 11F610. Code Name: Pchela. Class: Communications. Type: Military Store-dump. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: NPO PM.
Prototype of the large satellite element of the Strela system, which consisted of a large constellation of medium orbit store-dump satellites that provided survivable communictions for Soviet military and intelligence forces. The system was developed experimentally in the 1960's, with flight tests of 3 of the Strela-2 model from 1965 to 1968. The production Strela-2M was flown beginning in 1970.
Total Length: 3.0 m. Maximum Diameter: 2.0 m. Total Mass: 800 kg.
31 October 1961
Kosmos 65S3 intermediate launch vehicle development authorised. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Creation of the Space Carrier 65S3--start of work on a launch vehicle based on the R-14 for launch of the Meteor, Strela, and Pchela satellites.' was issued.
28 December 1965
Cosmos 103 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3. Mass: 875 kg. Perigee: 176 km. Apogee: 179 km. Inclination: 56.0 deg.
Possible test flight.
16 November 1966
Strela-2 Program: Strela. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.
24 March 1967
Cosmos 151 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. Mass: 875 kg. Perigee: 384 km. Apogee: 399 km. Inclination: 56.0 deg.
Possible test flight.
15 June 1968
Strela-2 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.
27 August 1968
Cosmos 236 Program: Strela. Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. Mass: 875 kg. Perigee: 340 km. Apogee: 348 km. Inclination: 56.1 deg.
Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.
- 2 - McDowell, Jonathan, The United Nations Registry of Space Objects, Harvard University, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://hea-www.harvard.edu/QEDT/jcm/space/un/un.html
- 6 - JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/home.html
- 102 - Voevodin, Sergey A, VSA072 - Space Apparatus, "Sergey A. Voevodin's Reports", . HTML when accessed: http://www.mcs.net/~rusaerog/sergeyv/VSA.html
- 445 - Melnik, T G, Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Siliy, Nauka, Moscow, 1997..
- 450 - Frolov, I, Kosmodrom, "Kratkiy istoricheskiy obzor sovietskikh (rossiyskikh) voennikh sredstv", No. 8, 1999, p. 21..
Back to Index
Last update 12 March 2001.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections or comments.
Conditions for use of drawings, pictures, or other materials from this site..
© Mark Wade, 2001 .