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L1 Overhead
L1 Overhead
Soyuz 7K-L1 circumlunar spacecraft. 17,001 bytes. 424 x 253 pixels.


Article Number: 11F92. Manufacturer's Designation: 7K-L1S, 7K-L1T. Class: Manned. Type: Lunar orbiter. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: OKB-1.

Hybrid spacecraft used in N1 launch tests. The L1S consisted of the Soyuz LOK service module, or a standard Soyuz L1 service module attached to an LOK-sized flange, with a boilerplate Soyuz descent module, topped by an odd propulsion module derived from that to be used on the LK lunar lander. Probably each L1S differed somewhat from the other, using available surplus components or systems ready for test in space. References: 21 , 102 .


21 February 1969 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: N1 . FAILURE: First stage failure.
03 July 1969 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: N1 . FAILURE: First stage failure.
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Last update 10 June 1999.
Contact Mark Wade with any corrections, additions, or comments.

© Mark Wade, 1999 .