This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at Orsted

Oersted satellite
Oersted satellite -

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Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere. Nation: Denmark. Agency: Danish Government (ministries of Industry, of Rese. Manufacturer: Computer Resources International, Danish Meteorolo.

Ørsted will be the first Danish satellite. Ørsted carries five science instruments with the objective of mapping the Earth's magnetic field and measuring its associated high-energy charged particle environment. Data from the mission will be used to improve geomagnetic models and study the auroral phenomena, and complements data taken by the Magsat spacecraft in the late 70's-early 80's. The spacecraft is named after the Danish physicist Hans Christian Ørsted who discovered electromagnetism in 1820.

Gravity gradient stabilization using the deployable 8 meter instrument boom. Magnetic torque coils maintain yaw to within 10 degrees. Attitude determination via star camera, with Sun sensors and magentometers as backup. 5 body mounted solar panels with GaAs cells provide 54 watts average power (EOL). NiCd batteries provide power in eclipse. Position determination is provided with GPS receivers: a single-band 6-channel TANS receiver from Trimble, and a dual-band 8-channel GPS TurboRogue from JPL, with a resolution of 50 meters or better. Command and control is provided by two 80C186 processors. On-board storage of 13 hours of science data. S-Band communications with a maximum data rate of 256 kbps using cross-dipole antennas.

Payload: Overhauser proton-precession magnetometer measures the scalar values of the magnetic field with a resolution of < 1 nT. CSC fluxgate magnetometer measures the vector values of the magnetic field with a resolution of < 3-5 nT. Particle detectors (6) measure high-energy charged particles: electrons (30 KeV to 1 MeV), protons (200 KeV to 30 MeV), and alpha-particles (1 to 100 MeV). Star Imager determines the absolute attitude of the CSC fluxgate magnetometer with a resolution of < 20 arc-seconds. GPS TurboRogue dual frequency receiver, with a position accuracy of 5-10 cm, for occultation measurements to determine temperature and electron density properties. The two magnetometers and the star imager are placed on an 8 meter deployable boom. The particle detectors and the GPS TurboRogue are mounted on the main spacecraft.


Design Life: 1 year (3 year goal). Total Length: 8.0 m. Maximum Diameter: 0.5 m. Total Mass: 62 kg.

Orsted Chronology

Oersted satelliteOersted satellite

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23 February 1999 Orsted Launch Site: Vandenberg . Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925. Mass: 62 kg. Perigee: 644 km. Apogee: 863 km. Inclination: 96.5 deg.

Denmark's Orsted gravity gradient stabilised satellite was to map the Earth's magnetic field. It was managed and operated by the Danish Meteorological Institute in Copenhagen. The satellite's prime contractor was CRI , Copenhagen.

Orsted Deployment 1Orsted Deployment 1 - Orsted Boom Deployment - Step 1

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Orsted Deployment 2Orsted Deployment 2 - Orsted Boom Deployment - Step 2

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Orsted Deployment 3Orsted Deployment 3 - Orsted Boom Deployment - Step 3

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Orsted Deployment 4Orsted Deployment 4 - Orsted Boom Deployment - Step 4

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Orsted Deployment 5Orsted Deployment 5 - Orsted Boom Deployment - Step 5

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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .