This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at Molniya-Yu

Class: Technology. Nation: USSR.

The Soviet manned lunar programs needed new tracking methods - how to translate doppler and location readings into orbital parameters quickly in order to make manoeuvres in lunar and translunar orbit. To investigate this Ryazanskiy modified a Molniya-1 spacecraft with measuring systems in place of the retransmitter. This Molniya-Yu was used to confirm new methods of orbital measurement.



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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .