astronautix.com LM Taxi

Apollo Lunar Module
Apollo Lunar Module -

Credit: © Mark Wade. 1,341 bytes. 159 x 121 pixels.



Class: Manned. Type: Lunar lander. Nation: USA. Manufacturer: Grumman.

Essentially the basic Apollo LM modified for extended lunar surface stays. This was forseen to be the workhorse of both Apollo Applications Extended Lunar Surface Missions beginning in 1970 and still be used to shuttle crews to the surface to larger LESA (Lunar Exploration System for Apollo) in the mid- to late- 1970's. Changes included additional water, oxygen, LH2, and Lox tankage in the descent stage in the payload bays; fuel cells in the ascent stage; a redundance Lox tank in the ascent stage over the back of the LM; and additonal micrometeorite and radiation shielding. This would permit the LM to accomodate a crew of three for up to 14 days. The LM Taxi would land near the previously-landed LM Shelter or LESA Shelter, where the crew would spend most of its time during surface explorations lasting from 14 days to three months. Craft.Crew Size: 3. Design Life: 14 days. Total Length: 6.4 m. Maximum Diameter: 4.3 m. Total Habitable Volume: 6.65 m3. Total Mass: 14,700 kg. Total Propellants: 10,500 kg. Primary Engine Thrust: 4,491 kgf. Main Engine Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. Main Engine Isp: 311 sec. Total spacecraft delta v: 3,700 m/s. Electrical System: Fuel Cells.



Lunar Module 3 viewLunar Module 3 view

Credit: © Mark Wade. 10,188 bytes. 586 x 444 pixels.



Bibliography:



Post-Apollo lunarPost-Apollo lunar - Comparison of American post-Apollo lunar spacecraft.

Credit: © Mark Wade. 7,240 bytes. 737 x 249 pixels.



Lunar ExplorationLunar Exploration - Lunar Exploration Plans

Credit: © Mark Wade. 15,347 bytes. 635 x 472 pixels.



Post-Apollo lunarPost-Apollo lunar - Comparison of American post-Apollo lunar spacecraft.

Credit: © Mark Wade. 12,347 bytes. 557 x 467 pixels.



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Last update 22 December 2000.
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© Mark Wade, 2000 .