This page no longer updated from 31 October 2001. Latest version can be found at www.astronautix.com
Class: Communications. Nation: USA. Agency: ???.
Global Electronic Messaging Satellite.
Total Mass: 113 kg.
15 August 1995
GemStar 1 (VitaSat) Launch Site: Vandenberg . Launch Vehicle: Athena-1. FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety 160 sec into flight after failure of thrust vector control system. Mass: 113 kg.
Global Electronic Messaging Satellite;.
- 5 - Krebs, Gunter, Gunter's Space Page, University of Frankfurt, 1996. HTML when accessed: http://www.skyrocket.de/space
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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© Mark Wade, 2001 .