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Article Number: 17F71. Class: Communications. Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: NPO PM.
Direct broadcasting satellite (new generation of satellites) intended for development of the Russian television system and international cooperation.
Design Life: 3 years. Total Mass: 2,500 kg.
20 January 1994
Gals Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K / 11S861-01. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 36,121 km. Apogee: 36,121 km. Inclination: 0.1 deg.
Direct broadcasting satellite (new generation of satellites) intended for development of the Russian television system and international cooperation. Also tested SPT-100 plasma engine.
17 November 1995
Gals-2 Launch Site: Baikonur . Launch Vehicle: Proton 8K82K / 11S861. Mass: 2,500 kg. Perigee: 35,784 km. Apogee: 35,788 km. Inclination: 0.2 deg.
Three transponders for direct broadcast television. Stationed at 70 deg E. Used SPT-100 plasma engine.
- 2 - McDowell, Jonathan, The United Nations Registry of Space Objects, Harvard University, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://hea-www.harvard.edu/QEDT/jcm/space/un/un.html
- 6 - JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. HTML when accessed: http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/home.html
- 67 - Kaesmann, Ferdinand, et. al., Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, "Proton - Development of A Russian Launch Vehicle", 1998, Volume 51, page 3.
- 102 - Voevodin, Sergey A, VSA072 - Space Apparatus, "Sergey A. Voevodin's Reports", . HTML when accessed: http://www.mcs.net/~rusaerog/sergeyv/VSA.html
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Last update 12 March 2001.
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