|astronautix.com||Chronology - 1977 - Quarter 4|
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Fourth free flight, ALT, first tail cone off, Edwards (2 minutes, 34 seconds), Enterprise (OV-101), lake bed Runway 17 References: 15 .
Maximum Altitude - 1500 km. References: 98 .
Fifth free flight, ALT, final tail cone off, Edwards (2 minutes, 1 second), Enterprise (OV-101), concrete Runway 04 References: 15 .
Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system; transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and international cooperation. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 .
Start final assembly and closeout system installation, Palmdale, Columbia (OV-102) References: 15 .
First ferry flight test, Edwards (3 hours, 21 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101) References: 15 .
Second ferry flight test, Edwards (4 hours, 17 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101) References: 15 .
Third ferry flight test, Edwards (4 hours, 13 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101) References: 15 .
Fourth ferry flight test, Edwards (3 hours, 37 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101) References: 15 .
The government decree 1006-323 set out the development plan. The flight test plan was for first launch of the booster in 1983, with the payload being an unmanned OK-ML-1 mock-up of the orbiter. This would not have a heat shield and remain attached to the booster. A second mock-up, OK-ML-2, would be used on the second launch, but be separated from the vehicle after burnout. However it would also be without heat shield, and be expended. The first flight Buran was to fly unpiloted in 1984. Manned flights were to be routine by the 1987 seventieth anniversary of the Soviet Union.
European Space Agency satellite. Launch time 0135 GMT. Reached definitive position, 0 deg longitude over the Gulf of Guinea, on 7 December. Launched by United States Delta rocket. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 .
The first air-drop launch from a Tu-95K (used previously for Kh-20 air to surface missile tests) was made from an altitude of 5,000 m, with landing on skids on a beaten earth air strip.
Complete approach and landing flight tests, including ferry flights, Enterprise (OV-101) References: 15 .
Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Carried Yuri Romanenko, Georgi Grechko to Salyut 6; returned crew of Soyuz 27 to Earth. Conduct of joint experiments with the Salyut-6 scientific station. Recovered January 16, 1978 11:25 GMT. References: 1 , 2 , 6 , 32 , 33 .
Start removal for mated vertical ground vibration test modification at Edwards, Enterprise (OV-101) References: 15 .
Medium-capacity Communications Satellite for Experimental Purposes . Launch vehicle Delta 2914-137. Launch time 0047 UT. Geographical longitude on geostationary orbit: 135 deg E. CS is a spin stabilized geostationary communications satellite. Characteris tics of satellite: Weight approx 340 kg at an early stage in orbit, configuration: cylindrical, height 3.48 m, diameter 2.18m, Expected life more than three years. References: 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 .
Inspected Salyut 6 docking port. References: 66 .
South Vandenberg AFB brush fire consumed 9,040 acres and claimed the lives of the base commander, both fire chiefs, and a civilian bulldozer operator. References: 88 .
Deliver SSME envelope/electrical simulators on dock, Palmdale, Columbia (OV-102) References: 15 .
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