Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB.
Official NASA Biography - 1997
Starting October 1978, he underwent flight training to be the flight engineer for a Soyuz expedition to visit the long-term Salyut space station. From 27 November to l0 December 1980, he successfully completed an experimental mission aboard the Soyuz-T-3 spacecraft as a research engineer as part of the crew comprised of L. D. Kizim, O. G. Malcarov, and G. M. Strekalov. During the flight, a docking of the Soyuz-T-3 spacecraft with the Salyut-6-Process-11 orbital complex was accomplished.
From June 1981 to April 1983, he underwent direct flight training to be the flight engineer of the primary expedition for a mission aboard the Soyuz-T spacecraft and the long-term Salyut-7 orbiting station. In the period from 20 - 22 April 1983, he flew aboard the Soyuz T-8 spacecraft as part of a crew comprised of V. G. Titov, G. M. Strekalov, and A. A Screbrov.
From 3 to 11 April 1984, he participated in a third space mission aboard the Salyut-7 orbital scientific-research complex as part of an international Soviet-Indian crew comprised of Yu. V. Malishev, G. M. Strekalov, and R. Sharma, of India.
In the period from 1 August to 10 December 1990, he completed a fourth space fight as flight engineer of the seventh primary expedition to the Soyuz-TM-10 station and the Mir orbital scientific-research complex as part of a crew comprised of G. M. Manakov and G. M. Strekalov.
At the completion of the fourth flight, G. M. Strekalov accumulated 153 days in space.
At present, he is undergoing flight training to be the flight engineer for a primary crew of a Russian-American space flight.
Surplus Soyuz ASTP spacecraft modified with a multi-spectral camera manufactured by Carl Zeiss-Jena in place of the universal docking apparatus. Eight days were spent photographing the earth. Tested and perfected scientific-technical methods and devices for studying the geological characteristics of the earth's surface from outer space for economic purposes. Recovered September 23, 1976 7:42 GMT. Landed 150 km NW Tselinograd.
Planned but cancelled manned flight. Crew dissolved when Lazarev failed physical in early 1981.
Manned three crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Tested the improved transport ship of the 'SOYUZ T' series; transported to the Salyut-6 orbital station a crew consisting of L D Kizim, O G Makarov and G M Strekalov to carry out repair and preventive work and scientific and technical investigation and experiments. Recovered December 10, 1980 09:26 GMT.
Manned two crew. Carried Anatoli Berezovoi, Valentin Lebedev to Salyut 7 to conduct scientific research and experiments; returned crew of Soyuz T-7 to Earth. Docked with Salyut 7. Recovered September 1, 1982 15:04 GMT.
Manned three crew. Unsuccessful mission. Failed to rendezvous with Salyut 7. Recovered April 22, 1983 13:29 GMT. Landed 113 km SE Arkalyk.
Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 7. Transported to the Salyut-7 orbital station a crew consisting of V A Lyakhov, commander of the spacecraft, and A P Aleksandrov, flight engineer, to conduct scientific and technical research and experiments. Recovered November 23, 1983 19:58 GMT.
Aborted September 27, 1983 19:38 GMT. Unsuccessful mission. Launch vehicle blew up on pad at Tyuratam; crew saved by abort system.
Manned three crew. Docked with Salyut 7.Transported a Soviet-Indian international crew comprising ship's commander Y V Malyshev, flight engineer G M Strekalov (USSR) and cosmonaut-researcher R Sharma (India) to the SALYUT-7 orbital station to conduct scientific and technical studies and experiments. Returned crew of Soyuz T-10 to Earth. Recovered October 2, 1984 10:57 GMT.
Docked with Salyut 7. Transported a crew comprising ship's commander V V Vasyutin, flight engineer G M Grechko and cosmonaut-researcher A A Volkov to the Salyut-7 orbital station to conduct scientific and technical studies and experiments. Grechko returned in Soyuz T-13 on 25 September 1985 - emergency return.
Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-06. Docked with Mir. Transported to the Mir orbital station a crew comprising the cosmonauts A Y Solovyov and A N Balandin to conduct an extensive programme of geophysical and astrophysical research, experiments on biology and biotechnology and work on space materials science. Recovered August 9, 1990 07:35 GMT. Landed 70 km from Arkalyk at 50 deg 51'E 67 deg 17' N.
Manned two crew. Docked with Mir. Mir Expedition EO-07. Transported to the Mir manned orbital station the crew consisting of the cosmonauts G M Manakov and G M Strekalov for the purpose of carrying out a programme of geophysical and astrophysical research, biological and biotechnological experiments, and work on space-materials science. Recovered December 10, 1990 06:08 GMT. Landed 69 km NW Arkalyk.
Attempt to repair Kvant 2 hatch.
Mir Expedition EO-15. Docked at the Kvant module on January 10 at 11:15 GMT. Transported to the Mir orbital station of a crew comprising the cosmonauts V M Afanasev, Y V Usachev, and V V Polyakov for the fifteenth main expedition. The Soyuz TM-18 descent module landed 110 km north of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan at 10:32:35 GMT on July 9.
Mir Expedition EO-16. Soyuz TM-19 docked at the rear port of the Kvant module (vacated by Progress M-23 on July 2) at 13:55:01 GMT on July 3. Soyuz TM-19 undocked from Mir at 07:29 GMT on November 4. The Soyuz instrument module (PAO, priborno-agregatniy otsek) fired its deorbit engine, and was jettisoned together with the orbital module (BO, bitovoy otsek) at 10:51 GMT, with entry interface for the descent module (SA, spuskaemiy apparat) at 10:54. It landed 170 km north-east of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan on 1994 November 4 at 11:18 GMT.
Mir Expedition EO-18. Soyuz TM-21 carried the EO-18 Mir crew and American Norman Thagard. Thagard was the first American to be launched in a Soyuz. Soyuz docked with Mir at 07:45:26 GMT on March 16 . On July 4 Soyuz TM-21 undocked and backed off to a distance of 100 m from Mir. The US space shuttle Atlantis, with the EO-18 crew aboard, then undocked and began a flyaround at a distance of 210 m, while the EO-19 crew aboard Soyuz took pictures before redocking with the station. Soyuz TM-21 again undocked with the EO-19 crew on September 11 from the Kvant rear port on Mir and landed at 50 deg 41'N 68 deg 15'E, 108 km northeast of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan, at 06:52:40 GMT .
Retracted solar array.
Began installation of solar array.
Completed installation of solar array.
Repositioned docking adapter.
Repositioned docking adapter.