Greatness lies not in being strong, but in the right use of strength. - Henry Ward Beecher
RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 198, Part II, 11 October 1999


___________________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 198, Part II, 11 October 1999

A daily report of developments in Eastern and Southeastern
Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia prepared by the
staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.

This is Part II, a compilation of news concerning Central,
Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. Part I covers Russia,
Transcaucasia and Central Asia and is distributed
simultaneously as a second document. Back issues of RFE/RL
Newsline and the OMRI Daily Digest are online at RFE/RL's Web
site: http://www.rferl.org/newsline

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Headlines, Part II

* POLISH COALITION TALKS YIELD 'SLIGHTLY ROTTEN' COMPROMISE

* FATE OF ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT UNCERTAIN

* LEADING SERBIAN OPPOSITION PARTIES TO BOYCOTT EU MEETING

End Note: SHADOWS OF STATUES
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EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

DRAFT TREATY ON BELARUS-RUSSIA UNION UP FOR DISCUSSION...
Leanid Kozik, Belarusian representative to the Belarus-Russia
Union structures, said on 8 October that public discussion of
the union treaty draft, which was published last week, will
be continued until the end of October. According to Kozik,
media debates will be held, and the Union Executive Committee
offices in Minsk and Moscow will collect comments by public
associations and individuals. Belarusian presidential aide
Mikhail Sazonau said that Belarusian President Alyaksandr
Lukashenka and his Russian counterpart, Boris Yeltsin, "will
discuss the draft, taking into account public opinion, by the
end of November." Sazonau added that they may sign the treaty
then. Meanwhile, a Belapan poll held in Minsk in late
September showed that 56 percent of respondents oppose the
union state while 21 percent support it. JM

...WHILE BELARUSIAN OPPOSITION SAYS DRAFT 'SURRENDERING
INDEPENDENCE.' The Belarusian Popular Front (BNF) has issued
a statement saying that the draft treaty of the Belarus-
Russian "surrenders independence of our country," Belapan
reported on 10 October. According to the BNF, Belarusian
"traitors" are planning to unite Belarus with the country
that "has got stuck in a bloody imperialistic war in the
Caucasus and disgraced itself through corruption scandals."
The BNF said the draft stipulates that Belarusian troops will
have to fight on Russia's side in the Caucasus, while
Russia's "occupation army" will be deployed in Belarus. The
BNF believes that neither the Belarusian people nor the
international community will recognize the "traitorous anti-
Belarusian papers" signed by the "illegitimate usurper and
his puppet pseudo-parliament." JM

CIS COUNTRIES TO COOPERATE ON FREE-TRADE ZONE, COMBAT
TERRORISM. Prime ministers or their deputies from the CIS
countries (with the exception of Belarus) met in Yalta,
Crimea, on 8 October to discuss the introduction of a CIS
trade-free zone. The participants signed an agreement on
reducing customs regulations and other deals oriented toward
making the CIS a free-trade zone, AP reported. CIS foreign
ministers met in Yalta separately to discuss measures in
combating terrorism and crime. They signed a statement
pledging to join the 1998 international convention on
combating terrorism. Russian Premier Vladimir Putin commented
that Belarus's absence at the summit was due to "technical
reasons" and "had nothing to do with the development of CIS
processes," according to Interfax. JM

RUSSIA'S IVANOV HAILS RELATIONS WITH UKRAINE... Following his
9 October visit to Ukraine, Russian Foreign Minister Igor
Ivanov said relations between Moscow and Kyiv are nowadays
characterized by a "different atmosphere" and can be called
"fraternal," AP reported. Ivanov discussed with his Ukrainian
counterpart, Borys Tarasyuk, the implementation of agreements
on the Black Sea Fleet, consular relations, steps to combat
terrorism, and the situation in Chechnya. Ivanov said Russia
will support Ukraine's bid to become a temporary member of
the UN Security Council in 2000-2001. Commenting on Ukraine's
presidential election, Ivanov said incumbent President
Kuchma's re-election would boost bilateral relations. JM

...WHILE UKRAINE'S TARASYUK BEMOANS 'LACK OF TIME' TO ADDRESS
JOINT ISSUES. Ukrainian Foreign Minister Borys Tarasyuk said
in a 9 October television link between Moscow and Kyiv that
"the main problem in Ukrainian-Russian relations is lack of
time to address problems that have piled up as a result of
the emergence of new states," ITAR-TASS reported. Referring
to speculation about Ukraine's possible accession to NATO,
Ukrainian Premier Valeriy Pustovoytenko said during the same
television program that Ukraine "is not and will not be
joining any blocs." He added that Ukraine's "non-bloc" status
is written into the constitution and "no one will be able to
change the constitution, now or in the near future." JM

LATVIAN PRESIDENT IN ICELAND. Visiting Reykjavik from 7-11
October, Vaira Vike-Freiberga met with President Olafur
Ragnar Grimsson and Prime Minister Davith Oddsson. Grimsson
proposed that the Nordic Council be enlarged to include the
Baltic States, which would mean dispensing with the current
cooperation formula of "Five plus Three" and having a
membership total of eight, BNS reported. Prime Minister
Oddsson stressed Iceland's support for Latvia's NATO
integration. Vike-Freiberga also took part in the conference
"Women and Democracy at the Dawn of the New Millennium,"
discussing the role played by women in the Baltics. She also
praised both U.S. first lady Hillary Clinton and Secretary of
State Madeleine Albright for their "commendable initiative
and strong personal commitment" to promoting women's issues.
MH

LUKOIL PULLS OUT FROM LITHUANIA. The Russian oil giant LUKoil
announced on 8 October that it is pulling out of Lithuania.
BNS quoted a spokesman for LUKoil as saying "we are
withdrawing our proposals because we have not received any
response.... Apparently, our proposals are unacceptable to
the Lithuanian government." He added that LUKoil crude
shipments will transit Lithuania only if they benefit the
company. LUKoil insisted on acquiring a 33 percent stake in
Mazeikiai Oil, Lithuania's oil-processing company, and joint
operating rights. The government is currently negotiating
with the U.S. company Williams International, which is
seeking a majority stake in Mazeikiai Oil. President Valdas
Adamkus's spokesperson noted that this is not the first time
LUKoil has threatened to pull out from Lithuania, according
to ELTA. MH

POLISH COALITION TALKS YIELD 'SLIGHTLY ROTTEN' COMPROMISE. In
a bid to avert the collapse of Jerzy Buzek's cabinet, the
coalition of the Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) and the
Freedom Union (UW) agreed on 10 October to minor changes in
the cabinet lineup and to new government policies. "The
compromise we reached is slightly rotten but we sorted
out...the way the coalition is managed," Reuters quoted UW
spokesman Andrzej Potocki as saying. The coalition agreed to
sack only Environmental Minister Jan Szyszko and Deputy
Economy Minister Jan Szlazak, both from the AWS. It also
agreed to keep Defense Minister Janusz Onyszkiewicz of the UW
(whom the AWS wanted removed) and not to create an AWS-
proposed ministry for regional development and housing. Buzek
said after the talks that "the most important problems have
been resolved," but he admitted he is worried by the "lack of
cohesion of the government." JM

END OF CZECH 'OPPOSITION AGREEMENT' IN SIGHT? The main
opposition Civic Democratic Party (ODS) has called on the
Social Democratic Party (CSSD) to hold talks on the country's
political situation. ODS leader Vaclav Klaus said on 8
October that "time has come for a fundamental turnabout." He
said the country is "less and less stable," people are "more
and more dissatisfied," and there is a threat of economic
stagnation, CTK reported. After meeting with President Vaclav
Havel on 10 October, Klaus said his party will not be
satisfied with "mere cosmetic changes" in the government.
Prime Minister Milos Zeman on 8 October approved the call for
talks and said that if the ODS withdraws from its agreement
with the CSSD, the latter party will "immediately start
talks" with other parties to form a coalition. On 11 October,
Zeman told the daily "Lidove noviny" that he does not rule
out a "grand coalition" with the ODS but "only as a last
resort." MS

CZECH PRESIDENT, OPPOSITION LEADER DISAGREE ON CONSTITUTIONAL
CHANGES. During their 10 October meeting, Havel and Klaus
discussed constitutional changes proposed by the ODS and the
CSSD that would curtail the presidential powers, CTK and AP
reported. Havel said later that the talks "identified the one
area where there is no agreement" between himself and the
opposition leader. He also said the constitution must not be
"changed in a hurry." But Klaus denied the basic document
would be changed hastily, pointing out that a ODS-CSSD
commission has been discussing the envisaged changes for 16
months. He said he had explained to Havel that the proposed
changes do not stem from personal opposition to the
president. MS

FORMER SLOVAK SIS CHIEF FILES COMPLAINT WITH EUROPEAN COURT.
Ivan Lexa, former chief of the Slovak Intelligence Service,
has filed a complaint with the European Court of Human
Rights, saying prosecutors and investigators have violated
his constitutional rights by calling him a criminal in the
media, AP reported on 8 October, citing the daily "Sme." Both
Interior Minister Ladislav Pinter and chief investigator
Jaroslav Ivor responded by saying they have never called Lexa
a criminal. Lexa is under investigation for his role in the
1995 abduction of former President Michal Kovac's son and for
other suspected crimes. MS

SLOVAKIA ALLOWS CZECHS TO REGAIN CITIZENSHIP. Prime Minister
Mikulas Dzurinda told journalists on 8 October that the
Interior Ministry has taken "organizational measures" to
allow some 251,000 Czech citizens to get back their Slovak
citizenship, CTK reported. Dzurinda said that the Czech
parliament approved a law on dual citizenship last summer,
but Slovakia does not need to do so and must only take
"organizational measures" for such citizenship to be
available. MS

BELGIAN DEPUTIES EXAMINE SLOVAK ROMA SITUATION. A delegation
of Belgian deputies and representatives of non-governmental
organizations met with Deputy Prime Minister in charge of
human rights Pal Csaky on 9 October to discuss the situation
of the Slovak Roma and the reasons for their recent exodus to
Belgium, SITA reported. CTK reported the next day that after
meeting with Roma representatives in Kosice, delegation
member Josi Dubie said the recent deportation from Belgium of
Slovak Roma violated international human rights conventions
and that his Ecolo (Green) party will leave the coalition if
such incidents recur. MS

SOCIALIST CANDIDATE WINS IN HUNGARIAN BY-ELECTIONS. Hungary's
major opposition Socialist Party (MSZP) won a parliamentary
seat at the 10 October by-elections in the town of Siofok.
MSZP candidate Jozsef Hazas received 49 percent of the vote,
2.5 percent more than his major opponent, Mayor Arpad Balazs,
the joint candidate of FIDESZ, the Independent Smallholders,
the Democratic Forum, and the Christian Democratic
Federation. MSZP chairman Laszlo Kovacs said his party's
victory against the entire spectrum of the right wing
indicates that the Socialists are pursuing the correct
policy. The by-election in Szekesfehervar was declared
invalid because turnout was less than 25 percent. MSZ

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

FATE OF ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT UNCERTAIN. By a vote of 295 to
261, Socialist Party leader Fatos Nano won re-election in a
challenge by Prime Minister Pandeli Majko in Tirana on 10
October. Majko had previously said he would resign from the
government if he failed to defeat Nano. But party officials
told Reuters that Majko may reconsider in view of the narrow
margin of his defeat. Observers suggested that Nano managed
to hold on to power because of his control over extensive
patronage networks. Similar ties recently enabled Democratic
Party leader Sali Berisha to win re-election as well. Many
Albanians and foreigners blame the rivalry between and
authoritarian leadership styles of Berisha and Nano for the
polarization of political life. FS/PM

ALBANIAN POLICE PLEDGE TO FIGHT ORGANIZED CRIME. Interior
Minister Spartak Poci said on 8 October that the police will
spare no efforts in their fight against powerful and often
elusive criminal gangs. He noted, however, that "there has
been a lot of pressure from some state officials to release
some gangsters after the police have arrested them," dpa
reported. Poci did not elaborate. He noted that a team of
U.S. experts will soon arrive in Albania to instruct police,
and that some Albanian police will receive training in the
U.S. Meanwhile, a bomb damaged a central Tirana bar popular
with Socialist leaders. No one was injured. PM

LEADING SERBIAN OPPOSITION PARTIES TO BOYCOTT EU MEETING.
Spokesmen for the Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO) and the
Democratic Party said in Belgrade on 11 October that their
respective parties will not attend a meeting with EU foreign
ministers later that day in Luxembourg, RFE/RL's South Slavic
Service reported. The spokesmen said they object to EU
demands that they promise to extradite to The Hague Yugoslav
President Slobodan Milosevic and other indicted war criminals
once the opposition comes to power. An SPO spokesman told the
BBC that if the opposition parties agree to the EU's demands,
they will open themselves to charges by Milosevic and his
supporters that they have betrayed fellow Serbs to Western
countries. The previous day, the pro-Milosevic "Politika"
accused prospective participants in the Luxembourg meeting of
being "puppets" of the Western countries that bombed Serbian
targets in the spring. Observers note the opposition needs
financial, political, and technical support from abroad to
wage a successful election campaign. PM

HOW MANY SERBS WILL ATTEND? Spokesmen for the Serbian
Orthodox Church said in Belgrade on 11 October that the
Church will not send representatives to Luxembourg. They said
the reason is that the Church leadership has yet to discuss
the EU's invitation to attend the gathering, RFE/RL's South
Slavic Service reported. In Podgorica, Prime Minister Filip
Vujanovic said that he and Foreign Minister Branko Perovic
will represent Montenegro at the gathering. The EU had
invited President Milo Djukanovic, who is an outspoken critic
of Milosevic, to head the Montenegrin delegation. In
Belgrade, an unnamed Serbian opposition politician told AP on
11 October that Washington pressured the EU into demanding
that the Serbian opposition pledge to extradite war
criminals. But representatives of several smaller opposition
groups stressed that they will go to Luxembourg in any event.
PM

EU TELLS SERBIA: NO MAJOR AID WITH MILOSEVIC. British Foreign
Secretary Robin Cook told the private Serbian news agency
Beta that the U.K. "remains firmly resolved not to make
Milosevic's position easier.... Serbia should not expect any
significant help in reconstruction so long as Milosevic is in
power," AP reported on 11 October. In Bari, Bodo Hombach, who
is the coordinator for the EU's Balkan Stabilization Pact,
said two days earlier that the EU does not want to isolate
Serbia but that it is increasingly impatient for change
there. Italian Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema said that the
international community should have acted to isolate
Milosevic earlier than it did. The Italian leader stressed
that Serbia is welcome to become a major actor in Balkan
affairs again but only once it is no longer led by indicted
war criminals. PM

DRASKOVIC DEMANDS 'RESULTS' ON ACCIDENT. SPO leader Vuk
Draskovic said in Belgrade on 9 October that he may "take
matters into my own hands" if the authorities do not quickly
identify and punish those responsible for the recent traffic
accident that he says was an attempt to kill him (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 8 October 1999). He said the police report on the
accident is a cover-up. Police officials claim that Draskovic
and his colleagues were driving at 150 kilometers per hour
and were thereby at least partially responsible for the
deaths of four of his party. The police have yet to identify
the driver or owner of the truck that swerved in front of the
SPO leader. PM

SOCCER FANS PELT OPPOSITION LEADERS WITH BEER CANS. Some
20,000 people crowded central Belgrade on 9 October to
celebrate the Yugoslav national team's 2-2 draw against
Croatia in Zagreb in the qualifying match for the European
cup championships. The draw enables Yugoslavia to advance to
the next stage in the play-offs. Leaders of the opposition
Alliance for Change led 5,000 people through the streets in
an anti-Milosevic protest that merged with the crowds
celebrating the soccer victory. Soccer fans then threw beer
cans at several opposition politicians who tried to speak to
the gathering. In Zagreb, police arrested 69 persons in
conjunction with post-match violence, which resulted in
damage to 11 trams and one bus. PM

SERBIAN AGENTS INTO KOSOVA? A spokesman for the Kosovar
provisional government, which is sponsored by the former
Kosova Liberation Army (UCK), said in Prishtina on 10 October
that Serbian secret services are attempting to destabilize
Kosova. He charged that the agents provocateurs have recently
arrived in the province in ever increasing numbers. He added
that the Yugoslav army has failed to respect the
demilitarization of the border region between Serbia and
Kosova, RFE/RL's South Slavic Service reported. PM

KOSOVARS REBURY MASSACRE VICTIMS. Some 500 ethnic Albanians
attended the reburial of 27 people in Plocica on 9 October.
Uniformed, armed leaders of the newly formed Kosova
Protection Force, who are former UCK officers, addressed the
gathering. Serbian forces shot 13 of the victims at short
range after they fled the shelling of their village in 1998.
PM

BOSNIAN SERB GOVERNMENT SLAMS MILOSEVIC MEETING. The office
of caretaker Prime Minister Milorad Dodik issued a statement
on 10 October saying that the government does not approve of
the recent meeting of three Bosnian Serb leaders with
Milosevic. The three are parliamentary speaker Petar Djokic,
ousted Republika Srpska President Nikola Poplasen, and Zivko
Radisic, who is the Serbian representative on the Bosnian
joint presidency. PM

TUDJMAN'S PARTY BLOCKS AGREEMENT ON ELECTORAL LAW. Officials
of the governing Croatian Democratic Community (HDZ) on 8
October rejected an opposition request that top officials of
state-run television resign their membership in the HDZ. The
opposition has demanded the depoliticization of the only
nationwide television broadcaster as a key component of
electoral law reform. Opposition parties and foreign
observers agree that state-run television broadcasts are
heavily biased in favor of President Franjo Tudjman and the
HDZ. PM

FORMER ROMANIAN PRESIDENT NOMINATED AS 2000 CANDIDATE. The
opposition Party of Social Democracy in Romania (PDSR) voted
at the party's national conference on 9 October to nominate
former President Ion Iliescu as its candidate in next year's
presidential elections, RFE/RL's Bucharest bureau reported.
Iliescu promised that when the PDSR returns to power, it will
"not replace today's profiteers with its own." He harshly
attacked the ruling coalition's economic policy and warned
PDSR members against the "dangers of euphoria" over polls
predicting the party's return to power in 2000. Adrian
Nastase, who was re-elected PDSR first deputy chairman, said
the party intends to "stop the process of de-
industrialization and revise the role of the state in the
economy." MS

MOLDOVAN PARLIAMENTARY LEADERS ASK LUCINSCHI TO FOREGO
CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGE. The leaders of the four parliamentary
groups have called on President Petru Lucinschi to give up
his plan to revise the constitution and introduce a
presidential system, RFE/RL's Chisinau bureau reported on 8
October. The appeal was signed by For a Democratic and
Prosperous Moldova Bloc leader Dumitru Diacov, Democratic
Convention of Moldova leader Mircea Snegur, Party of
Democratic Forces Chairman Valeriu Matei, and Communist
leader Vladimir Voronin. The four warned that "society is
being dragged into hot debates that only amplify political
confrontation, inflicting considerable damage on the country
and its international prestige." MS

BULGARIAN FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS NATIONALISM 'USELESS.'
Foreign Minister Nadezhda Mihailova, addressing students in
Blagoevgrad on 8 October, said the Kosova conflict has
demonstrated that it is not enough for Bulgaria to be "an
enclave of stability in the region," BTA reported. She noted
that the country must be "surrounded by stable, democratic
countries" to avoid being held "hostage" to its neighbors'
problems. In the new context of European integration, she
continued, "nationalism is useless" because it "gives the
false impression of protecting national interests" but in
fact jeopardizes them. She pointed to the example of
neighboring Serbia: "The more Serbian public opinion was
pushed to uphold the slogan 'One country for all Serbs,' the
more disunited the Serbs became. The more the idea of Great
Serbia was raised, the less plausible it grew." MS

END NOTE

SHADOWS OF STATUES

by Michael Shafir

 	During a visit to Bucharest in late July, Hungarian
Foreign Minister Janos Martonyi agreed with his Romanian
counterpart, Andrei Plesu, on a symbolic gesture: a
"historical reconciliation park" would be set up in the
Transylvanian town of Arad, and its foundation stone would be
jointly laid by the two countries' premiers.
	Moreover, the park would include both a monument
commemorating 13 Hungarian generals executed in Arad by the
Austrians in 1849 and statues of Romanian historical figures
in Transylvania. Martonyi had raised the issue of the
monument with Plesu, emphasizing its considerable historical
significance to Hungarians. Plesu, one of the more
enlightened members of the government, readily obliged. The
agreement was reconfirmed at a meeting in Timisoara of the
two countries' justice ministers, Valeriu Stoica and Ibolya
David, who announced that the foundation stone would be laid
on 6 October, the 150th anniversary of the generals'
execution.
	Bucharest and Budapest apparently overlooked two "small
details": the part of the continent in which the neighboring
states are located and the timing. As Timothy Garton Ash
recently remarked in an interview on German television, when
Americans say "that is history," they mean that things have
lost their relevance. When it comes to Eastern Europe, Ash
remarked, "that is history" means that trouble is around the
corner.
	Indeed, the manipulation of history has a long tradition
in Eastern Europe. When an election is looming, as is the
case in Romania, such manipulation is bound to be an almost
irresistible temptation.
	The monument to the generals is also history. Known as
"Hungarian Liberty," it is composed of a group of statues of
the 13 generals, whom Hungarians consider to be the "martyrs"
of their nation. The monument is the work of sculptor Gyorgy
Zala and was unveiled in Arad in 1890.
	The trouble is that one nation's "martyrs" are the
other's "villains." The Transylvanian Romanians fought on the
side of the Austrians for most of the 1848-1849 Hungarian
"liberation war." After World War 1, when the region became
part of Romania, the National Liberal Party government of
Ionel I. C. Bratianu decided in 1924 to dismantle the
monument, on the grounds that the generals had massacred some
40,000 ethnic Romanians, which the Hungarians vehemently
deny.
	Since then, the monument has been stored in a military
fort and has deteriorated considerably. Its restoration may
take as long as three years.
	For some time, both the ruling coalition parties--with
the inevitable exception of the Hungarian Democratic
Federation of Romania--and the nationalist opposition have
been courting the ethnic Romanian electorate in Transylvania
ahead of the 2000 elections. The opposition could not
possibly miss an opportunity to outbid the coalition.
	Ever ready to contribute to the minimization of the
Holocaust, Greater Romania Party (PRM) leader Corneliu Vadim
Tudor said that the intention to open the park and reinstate
the monument is comparable to "demanding that the Jews erect
a statue of Hitler at the Auschwitz concentration camp." The
Party of Romanian National Unity "firmly condemned" the
agreement, saying it is "humiliating...for the Romanians'
national dignity.'" The Alliance for Romania commented that
it was "surprised by the tactless decision," which
"undermines the [Romanian-Hungarian] reconciliation spirit,
since it may create inter-ethnic tensions." And the Romanian
National Party announced that it opposes reinstating "the
Greater Hungary monument" in Arad "or anywhere else in
Romania."
	The main opposition Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(PDSR), as usual jumping on the nationalist band wagon when
it serves its purposes, said the monument has a "profound
anti-national and anti-Romanian character." PDSR First Deputy
Chairman Adrian Nastase accused the ruling coalition of being
"an accomplice in serving the interests of Hungarian
revisionism." PDSR leader and former President Ion Iliescu,
for his part, warned Vasile to stay away from the ceremony,
claiming that the Hungarians are "setting a trap" to make
claims on Transylvania.
	The main blow, however, came from the Democratic Party,
a member of the ruling coalition. The Democrats said that
reinstating the monument would "bring back the tragic memory
of a Transylvania where the national rights of Romanians were
not recognized." More important, Democrats on the Arad town
council joined the opposition in passing a resolution
expressing opposition to making available the land earmarked
for the park.
	In face of this opposition, Vasile backed down. Citing
health reasons, he designated Stoica to represent him at the
stone-laying ceremony. Orban, who on 5 October arrived in
Arad and attended an evening function organized by the UDMR,
left the same night, delegating David as a "fittingly
appropriate" representation. Stoica responded the next
morning by announcing that he would not be taking part in the
ceremony and by designating the local prefect to represent
the government.
	In the end, the ceremony of laying the foundation stone
did not take place. What did take place, however, was a
demonstration by PRM sympathizers, who heckled David and
members of the Hungarian delegation as they left a church
where they had attended Mass and as they laid wreaths at an
obelisk dedicated to the generals' memory.
	Chanting nationalist slogans, the demonstrators were
unlikely to have been impressed by the reaction of Plesu's
ministry. Deeming "the manipulation of national sentiment for
the purpose of building political capital" to be
"irresponsible," spokeswoman Simona Miculescu said the two
countries' relations must not be influenced by "fears of
historical shadows or the shadows [cast by] statues." Perhaps
they shouldn't, but they nonetheless are.

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