Human life is but a series of footnotes to a vast obscure unfinished masterpiece. - Vladimir Nabokov
RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 149, Part II, 3 August 1999


________________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 149, Part II, 3 August 1999

A daily report of developments in Eastern and
Southeastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central
Asia prepared by the staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio
Liberty.

This is Part II, a compilation of news concerning
Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.  Part I
covers Russia, Transcaucasia and Central Asia and is
distributed simultaneously as a second document.  Back
issues of RFE/RL NewsLine and the OMRI Daily Digest are
online at RFE/RL's Web site:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Headlines, Part II

* RUSSIA TO REOPEN RADAR STATION IN BELARUS

* SERBIAN BISHOP WANTS MILOSEVIC TRIED FOR WAR CRIMES

* ETHNIC ALBANIANS FLEE SERBIA

End Note: CONTROVERSY SURROUNDS CROATIAN INTELLIGENCE
SERVICES
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

RUSSIA TO REOPEN RADAR STATION IN BELARUS. Visiting
Colonel-General Vladimir Yakovlev, commander of the
Russian Strategic Rocket Forces, said on 2 August that
this year Russia will test a Soviet-built radar in
Baranavichy, Belarus, and put it back into service in
2000, Interfax reported. According to Yakovlev, the
Baranavichy facility is expected not only to substitute
for the old radar station in Skrunda, Latvia, but also
to make Russia's early warning system against missile
attacks even more effective and reliable. He added that
Russia will supply information on missile launches to
Belarus, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan. JM

PAZNYAK SAYS HE WAS RE-ELECTED BELARUSIAN POPULAR FRONT
HEAD... Zyanon Paznyak, exiled leader of the opposition
Belarusian Popular Front (BNF), told RFE/RL's Belarusian
Service on 2 August that he was re-elected BNF chairman
during the BNF congress in Minsk on 1 August (see
"RFE/RL Newsline," 2 August 1999). It was announced at
the congress that the delegates did not elect a chairman
since neither of the two candidates--Vintsuk Vyachorka
and Zyanon Paznyak--gained a "majority of votes."
Vyachorka was supported by 152 delegates and opposed by
160. Paznyak was supported by 156 votes, (not 152 votes,
as incorrectly reported by "RFE/RL Newsline" on 2
August) and opposed by an equal number of delegates.
Paznyak said that the wording "majority of votes" in the
BNF election regulations is in his favor, since he won
more votes than Vyachorka and therefore is the legally
elected BNF chairman. JM

...WHILE FRONT OFFICIAL REMAINS UNSURE. BNF board
secretary Alyaksandr Kryvarot told RFE/RL's Belarusian
Service the same day that the formulation regarding the
election of the movement's leadership "by a majority of
votes" is ambiguous. He declined either to confirm or
deny that Paznyak was elected BNF chairman, adding that
only the BNF congress has the right to change or
interpret the BNF charter. The congress is to reconvene
in the fall to tackle again the leadership issue. JM

UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT APPOINTS NEW FIRST DEPUTY PREMIER.
Leonid Kuchma on 2 August appointed Anatoliy Kinakh,
head of the Union of Entrepreneurs and Industrialists,
as first deputy prime minister. Kinakh, leader of the
pro-government Popular Democratic Party, was deputy
prime minister for industrial policy from July 1995 to
September 1996. He will now be responsible for fuel and
energy issues. Kinakh replaces Volodymyr Kuratchenko,
who was fired by Kuchma last week (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 2 August 1999). JM

UKRAINIANS DO NOT BELIEVE IN FAIR PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTIONS. A June poll conducted by Socis Gallup
revealed that 58 percent of respondents think that the
presidential elections in Ukraine will be unfair or
dishonest, Interfax reported on 2 August. In addition,
57 percent believe that the elections will have no
influence whatsoever over developments in the country.
Meanwhile, a July poll by the Democratic Initiatives
Foundation put the popularity ratings of Ukraine's
presidential candidates as follows: Leonid Kuchma 24.3
percent, Natalya Vitrenko 17.4 percent, Petro Symonenko
13.1 percent, Oleksandr Moroz 7.2 percent, Yevhen
Marchuk 4.3 percent, Hennadiy Udovenko 3.6 percent, and
Oleksandr Tkachenko 2.5 percent. JM

MULTINATIONAL COMPUTER MANEUVERS START IN UKRAINE. A
multinational military computer exercise, codenamed
Peace Shield-99, began on 2 August at the Yavorivskyy
training range near Lviv, ITAR-TASS reported. The
exercise, attended by 1,300 servicemen from 14
countries, is taking part under a cooperation program
between the U.S. Department of Defense and the Ukrainian
Defense Ministry. Its main purpose is to train brigade
commanders and chief of staffs in conducting a
multinational peacekeeping operation. JM

IGNALINA BACK TO FULL OPERATION. The first unit at
Lithuania's controversial Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant
resumed operating on 2 August. In mid-May, the unit was
shut down when the State Nuclear Energy Safety
Inspectorate failed to renew the operating license of
the first unit owing to bureaucratic errors and minor
technical reasons. Plant officials cited new licensing
procedures as the cause of the closure. The second unit
at Ignalina was re-started on 9 June. MH

POLAND'S COAL MINING SECTOR DOING WORSE THAN EXPECTED.
Deputy Economy Ministry Jan Szlazak, who is responsible
for the reform of the coal mining industry, said on 2
August that in the first six months of 1999 the sector
registered losses totaling some 1.6 billion zlotys ($409
million), 100 million zlotys more than planned for the
whole year. This year's coal sales on the domestic
market dropped by 10 percent, while the price per ton
was down 18 zlotys on last year's level. Coal exports
exceeded planned levels by 2 million tons but in reality
added to the losses since each exported ton was
subsidized by some 50 zlotys. The government will soon
earmark 80 million zlotys in credit to support the
creation of non-mining jobs in mining communities, PAP
reported on 2 August. JM

CZECH PREMIER 'ENCOURAGED' BY EU CRITICISM. Milos
Zeman said in an interview published by "Zemske
noviny" on 3 August and cited by CTK that he is "not
worried" by recent criticism by Ramiro Cibrian, head
of the EU mission in Prague. Cibrian had told "Pravo"
last week that the Czech Republic's weakest point is
"inadequate market regulations," which he said results
in creditors' being very vulnerable and "tacit
agreement with economic crime." Zeman said he is
"encouraged" by the criticism, which he argued shows
that the country's fight with economic crime is in
line with European norms, since it is based on the
independence of the judiciary and the investigative
authorities. Zeman also said that the Czech Republic
intends to ask the EU for a reprieve on bringing fuel
prices in line with those of the EU by 2007. MS

CZECH, SLOVAK PREMIERS FAIL TO AGREE ON DIVISION OF
FEDERAL PROPERTY. Zeman and his Slovak counterpart,
Mikulas Dzurinda, meeting privately last week-end in
Slovenia, failed to reach agreement on dividing up the
federal property of the former Czechoslovakia, CTK
reported 2 August. Czech Foreign Minister Jan Kavan
the same day said that a solution to the dispute
cannot be expected before official negotiations are
resumed in the fall. On 30 July, Zeman had said he is
opposed to the so-called "zero option," which involves
canceling mutual debts, arguing that the Czech
National Bank's claims on Slovakia amount to 29
million crowns ($8.4 million). Dzurinda, in a lecture
to students in Prague one week earlier, had said he
favors that option. MS

SLOVAK INTERIOR MINISTER HINTS AT KGB INVOLVEMENT IN
MURDER. Ladislav Pittner on 2 August said police are
investigating allegations that the main suspect in the
murder earlier this year of former Economy Minister
Jan Ducky was a KGB colonel. Pittner told the
Bratislava weekly "Plus 7 dni" that police are trying
to establish the true identity of Ukrainian mobster
Oleg T., whose underworld name is Alex. He said the
matter is "delicate" and "complicated" because the
Ukrainian mafia combines organized crime with legal
activities. He also said that police are investigating
allegations by former Slovak Counter-Intelligence
deputy director Jaroslav Svechota that the KGB may
have been involved in the 1995 abduction of former
President Michal Kovac's son. According to Svechota,
the abduction was prompted by efforts to destabilize
Slovakia and damage its reputation with the EU and
NATO. MS

HUNGARY REJECTS BRITISH MILITARY MAGAZINE'S
SPECULATIONS. Customs and Finance Guard's spokesman
Laszlo Laczo on 2 August "categorically" rejected a
report by "Jane's Defence Weekly" that Russian aid
convoys smuggled spare parts for missiles to
Yugoslavia through Hungary (see also Part 1).
According to the report, Russia had transported
components for SA-10 missile systems, together with 20
assembled missiles, in railway cars loaded with scrap
metal. Laczo denied that anything had been concealed
in the containers, Hungarian media report. MSZ

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

SERBIAN BISHOP WANTS MILOSEVIC TRIED FOR WAR CRIMES.
Some 6,000 people attended a rally organized by the
opposition Alliance for Change in Valjevo on 2 August.
Serbian Orthodox Bishop Artemije, who is the leading
Serbian cleric in Kosova, called on all Serbs to sink
their political differences until Yugoslav President
Slobodan Milosevic resigns. The bishop added that "we
lost Kosova only when Milosevic tried to solve the
problem with force." In response to a speaker who called
on Milosevic to go to Kosova, Artemije replied: "Don't
send him to Kosova again.... Send him to The Hague,"
Reuters reported. A BBC journalist said the next day,
however, that Artemije refused to tell him which war
crimes he thinks Milosevic committed. Artemije was,
moreover, equivocal when the reporter asked whether
Milosevic should be tried in Serbia or in The Hague. PM

EX-GENERAL SAYS ARMY, POLICE WILL BACK SERBIAN
OPPOSITION. Vuk Obradovic, who is leader of the Social
Democratic Party and a former general, told the same
rally in Valjevo on 2 August that "the police and the
army will be with us, don't worry," Reuters reported. He
made the remarks after at least two buses of riot police
arrived from Cacak and took up positions near the rally.
The police did not intervene. This was the first time
that riot police have been present at any of the
alliance's rallies, the news agency added. PM

SERBIAN ECONOMISTS CALL FOR PROTEST, TRANSITIONAL
GOVERNMENT. Mladjan Dinkic, who is a spokesman for the
independent G-17 group of Serbian economists, called for
all opposition groups to stage a joint rally in Belgrade
on 19 August. Speaking in Belgrade on 2 August, he
appealed to participants to leave their party flags home
and carry only the Serbian ensign. Dinkic added that
representatives of the Serbian Orthodox Church will soon
start discussions with unspecified "political leaders"
about the G-17 plan for a nonpartisan transitional
government (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 28 July 1999). Dinkic
stressed that it is "irrelevant" whether Milosevic
resigns before or after the transitional body takes
office. The plan calls for a one-year transitional
government to organize free and fair elections and to
draft plans for economic reform. PM

POLICE END VOJVODINA FARMERS' PROTEST. Dragan Veselinov,
who heads the opposition Vojvodina coalition, said in
Pancevo on 2 August that police forced a group of
farmers to end their blockade of the road leading north
from Belgrade to Zrenjanin. Police arrested an
unspecified number of protesters. The farmers sought the
resignation of Yugoslav Agriculture Minister Nedeljko
Sipovic, RFE/RL's South Slavic Service reported. PM

SERBIAN COURTS INVESTIGATING WAR CRIMES? Judge Miloje
Mitic said in Nis on 2 August that the district court is
investigating whether Igor Radocaj is guilty of
murdering two ethnic Albanians and stealing money from
an ethnic Albanian family. Radocaj is a Bosnian Serb who
recently served with Serbian forces in Kosova, where he
allegedly committed the crimes. Military police arrested
him on 14 June. He is now in a civilian prison. Reuters
reported that this is the first known investigation of
war crimes by a Serbian court. It is unclear why the
court decided to investigate Radocaj. PM

ETHNIC ALBANIANS FLEE SERBIA. About 4,500 ethnic
Albanians have fled Serbia proper since the withdrawal
of Serbian troops from Kosova, UNHCR spokesman Ron
Redmond told Reuters on 2 August in Prishtina. Most of
the refugees come from the municipalities of Presevo,
Bujanovac, and Medvedja. Redmond said that "the
displaced persons have told the UNHCR that Yugoslav Army
and paramilitary groups have started an intimidation
program, a campaign that has included harassment,
beatings, expulsions, looting, and threatened murder....
[The displaced persons] claim that the paramilitaries
are threatening to abuse Albanian women and some said
that one woman was violated by paramilitaries in their
presence." Some refugees reported that Serbian troops
occupied their homes, cut telephone lines, and
confiscated cars at checkpoints. Questioned by UNHCR
officials, Serbian authorities in the three communities
denied any campaign to drive out Albanians. FS

KOUCHNER ESTIMATES 11,000 IN KOSOVA'S MASS GRAVES. The
UN's Bernard Kouchner told Reuters on 2 August that UN
war crimes investigators estimate that the mass graves
in Kosova contain the bodies of about 11,000 ethnic
Albanians. Kouchner acknowledged that his civilian UN
Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) is understaffed but said that
the crime rate in Kosova is diminishing. He stressed: "I
am asking governments to send me police. I spend two
hours a day on the phone on such issues, but in the rich
world it is summer holiday time. They are not listening
very much." Kouchner added that NATO troops at road
checkpoints detain up to 15 Albanian citizens a day for
carrying weapons or for other offenses and send them
back across the border. With regard to the
demilitarization of the Kosova Liberation Army, Kouchner
said "I am in charge, and they know that." FS

UN SETS UP KOSOVA CUSTOMS CONTROLS. A spokeswoman for
UNMIK told Reuters in Prishtina on 2 August that UNMIK
has installed customs controls on Kosova's borders with
Macedonia and Albania to collect urgently needed
revenues and stop the influx of uncontrolled and untaxed
imports. UNMIK also hopes to reduce the activities of
Albanian gangsters operating inside Kosova. The
spokeswoman said that the "customs services will
contribute to the protection of public health and safety
and ensure the control of hazardous goods." FS

POST OFFICE, UNIVERSITY REOPEN IN PRISHTINA. Kouchner
reopened Kosova's main post and telecommunications
center in Prishtina on 2 August, Reuters reported. UNMIK
officials estimate that they will have to invest about
$5 million before resuming full telecommunications
services. Mail services will start later this month.
Elsewhere, professors at Prishtina University held a
ceremony to formally reopen that institution, RFE/RL's
South Slavic Service reported. FS

YUGOSLAV, MACEDONIAN MINISTERS MEET. Yugoslav Foreign
Minister Zivadin Jovanovic met with his Macedonian
counterpart, Aleksandar Dimitrov, in Bujanovacka Banja
in southern Serbia on 2 August. Jovanovic told the
state-run Tanjug news agency afterward that relations
are moving in a "positive direction." He did not
elaborate. It was the first known cabinet-level contact
between the two governments in several months. PM

MONTENEGRO PREPARES TO LAUNCH OWN CURRENCY. Steve Hanke,
who is a U.S. economist and adviser to Montenegrin
President Milo Djukanovic, said in Podgorica on 2 August
that the Montenegrin authorities have prepared
legislation to set up a currency board in the event that
they decide to introduce a Montenegrin currency (see
"RFE/RL Balkan Report," 27 July 1999). Hanke added that
they will need reserves of $70 million should they take
that step, an RFE/RL correspondent reported from
Podgorica. PM

PROTESTS AGAINST BOSNIA-CROATIA BORDER DEAL. Some 2,000
ethnic Serbian residents of Kostajnica on the Bosnian-
Croatian border demonstrated on 2 August against the new
border delimitation agreement between Sarajevo and
Zagreb (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 2 August 1999). The
protesters are angry that a strip of land near their
town is now part of Croatia. Demonstrators called for
the sacking of Republika Srpska Prime Minister Milorad
Dodik and Zivko Radisic, who is the Serbian member of
the Bosnian joint presidency, "Dnevni avaz" reported.
Elsewhere, some 30 ethnic Croatian residents of the
village of Unista told journalists that they do not want
their village transferred from Croatian to Bosnian
control under the new agreement. If they do not get
their way, they will ask the Croatian government to
resettle them elsewhere in Croatia, "Oslobodjenje"
reported. PM

CROATIAN RIGHTS GROUP WANTS BETTER TREATMENT OF SERBS.
The Croatian Helsinki Committee (HHO) said in an open
letter to Prime Minister Zlatko Matesa on 2 August that
incidents are on the rise between returning Serbian
refugees and Croatian settlers in the Knin area,
"Jutarnji list" reported. The letter added that members
of Croatian right-wing extremist organizations have been
responsible for several recent anti-Serbian incidents.
The HHO stressed that the Croatian mass-circulation
newspapers "Vecernji list," "Slobodna Dalmacija," and
"Nedjeljna Dalmacija" have encouraged anti-Serbian
feelings among local Croats, RFE/RL's South Slavic
Service reported. PM

ROMANIAN DEFENSE MINISTRY DEMANDS STOP TO 'WITCH
HUNT'... The Defense Ministry on 1 August said that
the sentencing of Generals Victor Stanculescu and
Mihai Chitac last month was "unjust" and "humiliating"
for the army as a whole. It demanded that a "stop be
put to the witch hunt" launched against the military,
Romanian media reported on 2 August. The statement
says that the verdict is "a new attempt to conceal the
real culprits for [the killings] in December 1989 and
at placing the entire responsibility...on the army's
shoulders." The ministry also released a list
containing the names of 222 officers and soldiers
killed during the revolution, saying it is demanding
that the "relevant institutions" make public any
information they have on "the perpetrators of the
crimes against the military who fell during the
revolution." MS

...WHILE DEFENSE MINISTER SAYS ARMY SUBJECTED TO
'PSYCHOLOGICAL WAR.' In a statement released on 2
August, Victor Babiuc said the courts are "not
competent to establish the truth about the 1989
revolution because the facts do not have a strictly
penal character." Babiuc said that the army is being
subjected to a "psychological war" by "forces hostile
to the process of stabilization and national
reconciliation." In 1989, he continued, the army was
"compelled to intervene to stop street demonstrations
in line with the laws then in force--and which are
still in force." He added that such interventions by
the military are common, mentioning by way of example
Israel, Northern Ireland, the U.S. and India as well
as several instances in inter-war Romania, Mediafax
reported. MS

ROMANIAN NATIONALIST PARTY RESPONDS TO ALLY'S
DESERTION. Party of Romanian National Unity (PUNR)
Secretary-General Vasile Dobrescu on 2 August said the
recent agreement concluded by Vatra romaneasca
(Romanian Cradle) and the Party of Social Democracy in
Romania (PDSR) may lead to the dismemberment of the
former, Mediafax reported. On 30 July, PDSR leader Ion
Iliescu and Vatra chairman Zeno Opris signed a
protocol providing for mutual support and for Vatra
leaders to run on PDSR lists in the 2000 parliamentary
elections. Dobrescu said he believes that only a few
Vatra members will leave the PUNR, which was set up in
1990 as the political organization of Vatra. MS

BULGARIAN MEDIA COUNCIL SEEKS RULING ON DISMISSING RADIO
CHIEF. The National Council on Radio and Television
appealed to the Prosecutor-General's Office on 2 August
to rule on whether Alexandar Velev, director-general of
Bulgarian National Radio, should be dismissed, BTA
reported. The appeal comes after an audit established
financial violations at the radio station. A spokesman
for the council said the body has no legal mechanism at
its disposal to decide on the dismissal, and it argued
that the National Radio's board of governors might seek
to hinder the investigation recently launched by the
Prosecutor-General's Office. The board backed Velev at
its 1 August meeting, saying all his decisions were
discussed "at expert level" and approved by the board.
MS

END NOTE

CONTROVERSY SURROUNDS CROATIAN INTELLIGENCE SERVICES

By Andrej Krikovic

	Croatian President Franjo Tudjman recently named
his son, Miroslav Tudjman, as head of the Croatian
Intelligence Service (HIS) and deputy chief of the
umbrella National Security Bureau (UNS), giving the
younger Tudjman virtual control over Croatia's half-
dozen secret services. Many observers welcomed the move
in the belief that Miroslav Tudjman, who enjoys the
reputation of a solid professional, would put an end to
the abuses of the intelligence community. Yet subsequent
developments have shown that this initial prognosis may
have been overly optimistic.
	The appointment was prompted by recent scandals
that have rocked the intelligence community. Within the
space of a few weeks, the independent weekly "Nacional"
published classified secret-service documents revealing
that those services have monitored the telephone
conversations of influential members of the ruling
Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and that the secret
services even attempted to rig the national soccer
championships. Former HIS chief Miroslav Separovic was
subsequently arrested for allegedly making the leaks.
The police also searched the offices of "Nacional" and
brought charges against the weekly's chief editor for
publishing secret documents.
	Most people believe that the secret services
regularly spy on opposition leaders, independent
journalists, and other individuals whom the regime
regards as a threat. The intelligence community is
controlled by the hard-line Herzegovinian faction of the
HDZ, which is led by the president's domestic policy
adviser, Ivic Pasalic. Last year, prominent HDZ
moderates resigned from their post in the intelligence
services after HDZ hard-liners had used the intelligence
services to orchestrate attacks against the same
moderates in the media. HDZ hard-liners seemed to score
another political victory last month, when the HDZ-
controlled parliament determined that there was no
justification for a parliamentary investigation into
abuses committed by the secret services.
	Nevertheless, many observers have expressed optimism
that Miroslav Tudjman's appointment could signal that
the president is ready to clean up the intelligence
community and curtail the influence of hard-liners.
Croatia faces parliamentary elections at the end of the
year, and most polls indicate that the ruling party is
headed for an overwhelming defeat. The president is well
aware that the secret service scandals have only added
to the HDZ's unpopularity.
	The younger Tudjman is considered to be a
consummate professional. He is also one of the founders
of the Croatian intelligence community, and many
consider him to be an HDZ moderate who has not been
afraid to stand up to his father. This is the second
time that he has been appointed to the country's top
intelligence post. It has been speculated that Pasalic
engineered Miroslav Tudjman's earlier dismissal after
the president insisted on pursuing a secret service
investigation into the Dubrovacka bank scandal, which
implicated party hard-liners--including Pasalic himself.
	Tudjman Jr. is expected to stop the harassment of his
former colleagues at the HIS˝like Separovic--and restore
their power. In the process, he will repay the hard-
liners who engineered his departure from the service,
such as National Security Adviser Markica Rebic and Head
of Office for the Protection of Constitutional Order
(SZUP) Ivan Brzovic.
	Yet there are serious doubts that Miroslav Tudjman
will launch a real cleanup of the services. Instead,
some observers argue, the president intends to take
advantage of his son's image as a liberal and rival of
Pasalic in order to create the impression that the
president is doing something about the secret-service
scandal.
	Critics of the younger Tudjman say he does not deserve
his reputation as a professional and liberal and add
that he is very much under his father's control. They
say Miroslav Tudjman resigned as intelligence head only
because the investigation threatened to implicate his
close friend and associate, Herzegovinian intelligence
chief Ivo Lucic. There has been speculation that the
younger Tudjman may have financial ties to the wealthy
Lucic clan. In such a case, he may not be as upright as
many of his supporters believe.
	President Tudjman may be more concerned about
controlling the leaks from the intelligence community
than about stopping the transgressions of the secret
services. The Hague-based war crimes tribunal's
indictment of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic may
have opened the way for an indictment against Tudjman.
In fact, a prosecutor at the tribunal recently said that
Tudjman is responsible for Croation war crimes in
Bosnia. The president may fear that if leaks continue,
secret documents that reveal official Zagreb's role in
the 1993-1994 Croat-Muslim war in Bosnia may find
themselves in the hands of Hague prosecutors. Some
independent reports seem to confirm this line of
thought. According to the independent weekly "Globus,"
Miroslav Tudjman in fact returned to the HIS weeks
before his reappointment and has allegedly been busy
destroying secret documents that could compromise the
president and the ruling party.
	Some recent developments support this pessimistic view
about Miroslav Tudjman's appointment. Negotiations
between the HDZ and the opposition on a new election law
for the upcoming elections have collapsed. The
government has also flatly refused to meet recent
demands by the tribunal (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 21 July
1999). As the country heads for elections, the president
seems to have again shifted policy in favor of party
hard-liners. These developments indicate that hard-
liners may continue to control the secret services and
that those services will continue their dubious
practices in preparation for the upcoming election
campaign.

The author is a free-lance journalist based in Zagreb.
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
               Copyright (c) 1999 RFE/RL, Inc.
                     All rights reserved.
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

HOW TO SUBSCRIBE
Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with
the word subscribe as the subject of the message.

HOW TO UNSUBSCRIBE
Send an email to newsline-request@list.rferl.org with
the word unsubscribe as the subject of the message.

For subscription problems or inquiries, please email
hermanoval@rferl.org
________________________________________________
CURRENT AND BACK ISSUES ON THE WEB
Back issues of RFE/RL Newsline and the OMRI Daily Digest
are online at: http://www.rferl.org/newsline/search/
_________________________________________________
LISTEN TO NEWS FOR 25 COUNTRIES
RFE/RL programs are online daily at RFE/RL's 24-Hour
LIVE Broadcast Studio.
http://www.rferl.org/realaudio/index.html
_________________________________________________
REPRINT POLICY
To receive reprint permission, please contact Paul Goble
via email at GobleP@rferl.org or fax at 202-457-6992
_________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE STAFF
* Paul Goble, Publisher, GobleP@rferl.org
* Liz Fuller, Editor-in-Chief, CarlsonE@rferl.org
* Patrick Moore, Team Leader, MooreP@rferl.org
* Jan Cleave, CleaveJ@rferl.org
* Julie A. Corwin, CorwinJ@rferl.org
* Jan Maksymiuk, MaksymiukJ@rferl.org
* Fabian Schmidt, SchmidtF@rferl.org
* Michael Shafir, ShafirM@rferl.org

FREE-LANCE AND OCCASIONAL CONTRIBUTORS
* Pete Baumgartner, Jeremy Branston, Victor Gomez, Mel
Huang, Dan Ionescu, Zsolt-Istvan Mato, Jolyon Naegele,
Matyas Szabo, Anthony Wesolowsky

RFE/RL Newsline Fax: (420-2) 2112-3630
_________________________________________________
RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY, PRAGUE, CZECH REPUBLIC

[English] [Russian TRANS | KOI8 | ALT | WIN | MAC | ISO5]

F&P Home ° Comments ° Guestbook


ę1996 Friends and Partners
Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole
Please visit the Russian and American mirror sites of Friends and Partners.
Updated: 1998-11-

Please write to us with your comments and suggestions.

F&P Quick Search
Main Sections
Home
Bulletin Board
Chat Room
F&P Listserver

RFE/RL
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
Search

News
News From Russia/NIS
News About Russia/NIS
Newspapers & Magazines
Global News
Weather

©1996 Friends and Partners
Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole