Increase The Peace. - John Singleton
RFE/RL NEWSLINE

RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 134, Part II, 13 July 1999


________________________________________________________
RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 3, No. 134, Part II, 13 July 1999

A daily report of developments in Eastern and
Southeastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus and Central
Asia prepared by the staff of Radio Free Europe/Radio
Liberty.

This is Part II, a compilation of news concerning
Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.  Part I
covers Russia, Transcaucasia and Central Asia and is
distributed simultaneously as a second document.  Back
issues of RFE/RL NewsLine and the OMRI Daily Digest are
online at RFE/RL's Web site:
http://www.rferl.org/newsline

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Headlines, Part II

* LATVIA'S SKELE NAMED CANDIDATE FOR PREMIER

* VIOLENT PROTEST IN VALJEVO

* LANDSLIDES, FLOODS CLAIM VICTIMS IN ROMANIA, HUNGARY

End Note: LUCINSCHI BABA AND THE MOLDOVAN PARLIAMENTY
DEPUTIES
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EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

BELARUSIAN POLICE REPORTS ON SUCCESSFUL RETURN OF LOANS.
According to the Interior Ministry's press service, law
enforcement agencies have successfully carried out
President Alyaksandr Lukashenka's order earlier this
year to ensure outstanding loans are paid to the state,
RFE/RL's Belarusian Service reported on 12 July. The
operation resulted in the repayment of 833 billion
Belarusian rubles ($3.2 million), $17 million, and DM3
million ($1.55 million) as well as in the large-scale
confiscation of property. The police arrested 73
businessmen and are looking for another 148 who have not
paid their debts. According to confidential information
received by an RFE/RL Minsk correspondent from police
officers, the authorities resorted to arrests without
warrants and imprisonment without trial in order to
pressure debtors. JM

A DOZEN PARTIES SUPPORT UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT'S RE-
ELECTION BID. Twelve democratically-oriented parties
issued a statement on 10 July expressing support for
Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma on the fifth
anniversary of his presidency, RFE/RL's Ukrainian
Service reported. The statement noted that during the
last five years, Ukraine has established itself as a
state recognized by the world community. It added that
"only Leonid Kuchma will be able to secure the further
consistent implementation of reforms." The statement was
signed by, among others, the Agrarian Party, the Liberal
Party, the Popular Democratic Party, and the Party of
Muslims of Ukraine. JM

UKRAINE STILL SEEKING TO POSTPONE PAYMENT TO ING
BARINGS. Ukraine and the Dutch-based bank ING Barings
are continuing negotiations on Kiev's redemption of an
overdue $155 million bond. The 9 June deadline was
extended to 9 July, but the two sides have not yet
agreed on a payment scheme. Ukraine has proposed to pay
off only 20 percent and convert the rest into three-year
bonds. As of last week, Ukraine had $1.3 billion in
hard-currency reserves, but the government wants to save
those funds for other debt payments that are due later
this year and in 2000. JM

MORE PRESIDENTIAL HOPEFULS IN UKRAINE SUBMIT NECESSARY
SIGNATURES. The Central Electoral Commission has
registered former Prime Minister Yevhen Marchuk as a
presidential candidate in the 31 October elections,
after incumbent President Kuchma and Petro Symonenko.
Marchuk submitted more than 1.6 million signatures
supporting his signature, of which the commission
accepted 1.37 million as valid. According to AP, 11
other presidential candidates had supplied the necessary
signatures by the 12 July deadline. JM

LATVIA'S SKELE NAMED CANDIDATE FOR PREMIER. Former Prime
Minister and leader of the People's Party Andris Skele
on 12 July was asked by President Vaira Vike-Freiberga
to form the next government. Earlier, the three largest
parties in the parliament--the People's Party, For
Fatherland and Freedom, and Latvia's Way--announced they
will cooperate to form a new cabinet. Together, the
three parties hold 62 seats out of 100. The New Party,
the junior member of Vilis Kristopans's government, has
expressed its willingness to cooperate and join the new
government, while the Social Democratic Workers' Party
announced it will remain in constructive opposition. MH

POLISH FARMERS SAY CABINET FAILING TO IMPLEMENT
AGREEMENTS. Trade union activists have accused the
government of failing to meet obligations to which it
had agreed in February and May, following farmers'
protests, PAP reported on 12 July. The activists said
the government has done nothing to introduce permanent
measures to regulate the agricultural market. In their
opinion, government intervention on the pork market is
insufficient, while the price for livestock is too low
and does not guarantee profits from such sales.
Agricultural Minister Artur Balazs responded that the
cabinet does not have enough funds to take the measures
demanded by the farmers. Deputy Finance Minister Rafal
Zagorny said the agricultural sector will receive more
money if Poland is granted EU aid funds next year. "The
EU will not give a single ecu for the development of
Polish agriculture," radical farmers' leader Andrzej
Lepper remarked, calling Poland's EU entry a
"catastrophe." JM

CZECH REPUBLIC TO SPEED UP PASSAGE OF EU LEGISLATION.
Deputy Prime Minister Egon Lansky on 12 July said the
government will ask the parliament to approve measures
on speeding up the passage of legislation related to
EU integration, Reuters reported. Lansky said that
according to the government proposal, such laws will
be approved after one, instead of three readings,
thereby reducing the time required for approval from
months to weeks, CTK reported. Lansky spoke after
meeting with EU envoy to Prague Ramiro Cibrian. The
Czech Republic was criticized last year by the EU for
falling behind in bringing its legislation into line
with that of the union. MS

CZECH ROMANY FAMILY RECEIVES ASYLUM IN FRANCE. A four-
member Romany family from the Czech Republic has
received political asylum in France on 12 July, CTK
reported. On 9 July, five Czech Roma requested
political asylum in Finland. The agency said that
Finnish authorities fear an influx of Czech Roma
similar to the one of Roma from Slovakia., which
prompted Helsinki to suspend visa-free entry for
Slovak citizens. MS

EUROPEAN COMMISSION WELCOMES SLOVAK MINORITY LANGUAGE
LAW. European Commission spokesman Nico Wegter told
journalists on 12 July that the commission welcomes
the law on the use of ethnic minority languages in
contacts with the authorities, which the Slovak
parliament passed on 10 July. Wegter said he will not
comment on the content of the law, adding that the
commission's experts must first study it. He also
refused to comment on why the Hungarian Coalition
Party did not support the bill in the parliament, CTK
reported. MS

UNCLARITY OVER KRAJCI, LEXA CASES. Jaroslav Ivor,
chief investigator at the Prosecutor-General's Office,
on 12 July told journalists that the criminal case
against former Interior Minister Gustav Krajci and the
investigation of former Slovak Counter-Intelligence
chief Ivan Lexa are proceeding. Ivor thus contradicted
Justice Minister Jan Carnogursky, who recently said
following a Constitutional Court ruling that has been
leaked to the press, the criminal case and the
investigation have been stopped (see "RFE/RL
Newsline," 9 July 1999). That ruling says Prime
Minister Mikulas Dzurinda's annulment of the amnesty
granted by his predecessor to Krajci and Lexa was
unconstitutional. Ivor said the ruling cannot apply
retroactively and is only to serve as a "guideline"
for similar cases in the future. He added that the
Constitutional Court ruled that the amnesty of both
men granted by former Premier Vladimir Meciar was also
unconstitutional. MS

COHEN URGES MORE DEFENSE SPENDING IN HUNGARY. U.S.
Defense Secretary William Cohen said in Budapest on 12
July that his country expects Hungary to honor its
commitments resulting from NATO membership, which
include increasing defense spending to 1.81 percent of
GDP. Prime Minister Viktor Orban told Cohen that the
issue of Vojvodina should be included in a special and
separate chapter of a Balkan stability pact. Cohen noted
that "ethnic hatred similar to that experienced in
Kosova has no roots in Vojvodina." He added that the
province "could become an outstanding example of non-
violent assertion of minority interests." MSZ

HUNGARY CRITICIZES SLOVAK LANGUAGE LAW. Foreign Ministry
State Secretary Zsolt Nemeth on 12 July said that
Slovakia's recently adopted minority language law (see
"RFE/RL Newsline," 12 July 1999) will hinder the
development of Hungarian-Slovak relations, Hungarian
media reported. He said the law is unacceptable to
Slovakia's Hungarian Coalition Party. Nemeth added that
he trusts the Slovak cabinet will find a way to make
"appropriate corrections" that will meet the provisions
of the Hungarian-Slovak basic treaty as well as European
norms. MSZ

SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

VIOLENT PROTEST IN VALJEVO. At least 4,000 people
followed maverick local artist Bogoljub Arsenijevic in
storming the Valjevo town hall on 12 July. Police
quickly evicted the intruders. Some four people were
taken to hospital as a result of the violence.
Arsenijevic told the crowd that "the international
community should not try [Yugoslav President Slobodan]
Milosevic. We should try him and punish him for what he
did to the Serbian people over the past 10 years,"
Reuters quoted him as saying. Arsenijevic also called on
his followers to storm the local offices of Milosevic's
Socialist Party of Serbia and stay there "until we hear
that Milosevic is dead." The United Yugoslav Left, which
is headed by Milosevic's wife, Mira Markovic, issued a
statement accusing the protesters of trying to "create a
jungle here." The protest in Valjevo was the second
spontaneous one in a Serbian provincial town in
approximately one week (see "RFR/RL Newsline," 7 July
1999). PM

WHICH WAY FOR OPPOSITION TO MILOSEVIC? BBC Television on
13 July showed footage from the previous day of
Arsenijevic kicking in glass at the Valjevo town hall
ahead of his followers. The footage also showed the
artist vandalizing the town council's meeting room. A
BBC reporter in Belgrade said that the spontaneous and
violent nature of the Valjevo protest suggests how
potentially explosive the situation in Serbia is.
Serbian Renewal Movement leader Vuk Draskovic, who
recently served in Milosevic's government, said that he
wants a "constitutional" end to Milosevic's rule. He
added, however, that he will soon take part in street
protests, which he has not done this year. Elsewhere in
Belgrade, spokesmen for the anti-Milosevic petition
drive said that they have collected well over 100,000
signatures, despite the police's efforts to prevent them
from doing so. In Vranje, some 500 army reservists
continued their protest to demand back pay. PM

CLARK: MILOSEVIC BODES ILL FOR KOSOVA PEACE. NATO
Supreme Commander Europe General Wesley Clark said in
Milan on 12 July that if Milosevic "remains in power and
in control, there will be strong internal pressures to
violate the demilitarization agreement [for Kosova], to
be prepared for the worst possible outcome: a return of
Serb efforts directed against Albanians" in the
province. The general added: "I encourage the growing
demonstrations by the people of Serbia to hold Mr.
Milosevic accountable. He is the source of their
problems and should be removed from office," Reuters
reported. PM

COHEN WARNS OF CONTINUED DANGER IN KOSOVA. U.S.
Secretary of Defense William Cohen said in Budapest on
12 July that "the situation in [Kosova] remains
dangerous. It is likely to remain dangerous for some
time to come by virtue of the tensions, the passions
that are running very high. It's all the more important
that the remaining forces that are to be contributed to
KFOR arrive there as soon as possible." He added that
KFOR will "remain neutral and balanced" in its dealings
with the rival ethnic communities. Kosova, he stressed
is "still a very dangerous environment and all of the
forces there must be prepared to encounter that kind of
danger." PM

SERBS, ALBANIANS WORK IN REOPENED PRISHTINA CITY HALL.
J. F. Carter, who heads the UN's civilian administration
in Kosova, officially reopened the Prishtina city hall
on 12 July. He called the move "a step in the return to
normality." Two "municipal co-presidents" (mayors) head
an administration consisting of 80 ethnic Albanians and
60 Serbs. One mayor is the Serb Zvonimir Stevic, while
the other is the ethnic Albanian Mexhid Syla. AP
reported that tensions between the respective Serbian
and ethnic Albanian groups of municipal workers were
evident. PM

RED CROSS RECEIVES LISTS OF KOSOVARS IN SERBIAN JAILS.
The Serbian Justice Ministry on 12 July handed to
officials from the International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC)a list containing the names of 1,438
Kosovars currently held in Serbian jails. An ICRC
spokesman told an RFE/RL South Slavic Service
correspondent in Prishtina that earlier this month,
Serbian officials handed over another list containing
481 names. He added that ICRC representatives have so
far visited 381 imprisoned ethnic Albanians and are
still seeking confirmation about missing people who are
not on the lists. UN Human Rights Commissioner Mary
Robinson recently estimated that up to 5,000 Kosovars
are still in Serbian prisons. FS

LDK OFFICIAL URGES QUICK UNIFICATION OF KOSOVARS.
Melazim Krasniqi, who is a senior official of the
Democratic League of Kosova (LDK), told RFE/RL's
South Slavic Service on 12 July that "I do not know
what the real reasons are why [LDK leader Ibrahim]
Rugova does not return to his homeland. I believe
that he should be here and [help] unite the
[various] Kosovar political groups.... I am also
concerned that Rugova has...covered himself with a
disturbing silence." Krasniqi stressed that "the
LDK must face the new realities in Kosova, and it
cannot do so with an old mentality.... The
membership demands concrete actions and clear
positions toward current problems.... If it fails
to [meet the challenge], the LDK [may face] very
severe [internal] divisions." FS

THACI CONDEMNS SERBIAN WALK-OUT. Kosova Liberation
Army (UCK) leader Hashim Thaci on 12 July condemned a
decision by local Serbs to stop cooperating with
Kosovar Albanians and international organizations (see
"RFE/RL Newsline," 12 July 1999), Reuters reported.
Thaci appealed to the Serbs to reverse their decision,
saying that "my wish is that these people do not
continue Milosevic's game of boycott, a game which is
not in the interests of...the Serbian people
themselves.... I believe that this was a rash
decision...and I hope that these people will realize
there is a new reality and new life" in Kosova. Thaci
also said: "I have no comment on why Rugova has not
come back. It is his personal decision but it's not a
smart one.... He must realize that no one can hold
Kosova to ransom." FS

MORE ALBANIAN REFUGEE CAMPS LOOTED. An RFE/RL South
Slavic Service correspondent reported from Tirana
on 12 July that Albanian villagers looted a refugee
camp near Peshkopi the previous day. The camp
previously accommodated about 3,000 refugees.
Unidentified persons also looted a camp in the
village of Shtoj near Shkodra. The incidents follow
the raid on the Italian camp in Vlora on 10 July
(see "RFE/RL Newsline," 12 July 1999). Most
refugees had left the camps before the villagers
began plundering them. The correspondent reports,
however, that refugees remaining in Albania now
fear that their accommodations could also become
the scene of uncontrolled looting and robbery.
Meanwhile, NATO soldiers have begun to reinforce
security around remaining camps. FS

YUGOSLAV ARMY DENIES TROOP INCREASE IN MONTENEGRO. The
Yugoslav Army said in a press statement in Belgrade on
12 July that recent comments by several top NATO
officials that the army has raised its troop levels in
Montenegro are "propaganda-style fabrications and
allegations." The statement added that NATO is
deliberately circulating false reports about alleged
tensions within Montenegro and between Podgorica and
Belgrade in order to mask NATO's own "destructive
intentions toward our fatherland." PM

KLEIN TO REPLACE REHN IN BOSNIA. Jacques Klein, who is
currently a deputy to the international community's High
Representative Carlos Westendorp in Bosnia, will soon
replace Elizabeth Rehn as the UN's chief representative
in that country, RFE/RL's South Slavic Service reported
from Sarajevo on 12 July. Rehn will return to her
political career in Finland. PM

CROATIA GETS FIRST NATIONAL INDEPENDENT TV STATION.
Zagreb-based Nova TV received a license on 12 July,
thereby becoming Croatia's first nationwide private
television broadcaster. Nova's main share-holders
include Europa Press Holding, which also owns the
independent daily "Jutarnji list" and the weekly
"Globus." Another main share-holder is "Vecernji list,"
which is close to the governing Croatian Democratic
Community (HDZ). The top managers of the station will be
veteran broadcasters Miroslav Lilic and Tomislav
Marcinko, "Jutarnji list" reported. State-run television
is currently the only nationwide television broadcaster
and is widely regarded as a mouthpiece of the HDZ. PM

CROATIAN RAILWAY WORKERS DEFEND RIGHT TO STRIKE.
Locomotive drivers halted railway traffic across Croatia
for half an hour on 12 July to defend their right to
strike, RFE/RL's South Slavic Service reported. The
railway management has taken the drivers' union to court
in conjunction with a strike in April. Union spokesmen
say that management has gone to court in the hope of
deterring future strikes. Strikes are not unusual at the
loss-making state-run railway. PM

LANDSLIDES, FLOODS CLAIM VICTIMS IN ROMANIA, HUNGARY. At
least 13 people were killed and 23 injured in a
landslide caused by heavy rain and floods near a dam on
the Raul Mare River in the Retezat mountains in western
Romania. Romanian Radio reported on 13 July that one
person drowned in Cluj County. Prime Minister Radu
Vasile met with cabinet members to examine ways of
helping victims and coordinating rescue works. Heavy
rains are expected to continue in western Romania.
Reuters reported that at least six people were killed as
the result of landslides caused by floods in Hungary.
Three persons were buried in a wine cellar in Siklos,
south of Budapest, and three drowned in Heves County, in
northwestern Hungary. In Bulgaria, floods caused heavy
damage in two villages near the town of Montana, north
of Sofia. MS

MOSCOW-HELD ROMANIAN TREASURE UNDER CE EXAMINATION.
Takis Hadjidemetriou, special rapporteur for the
Council of Europe's Cultural Commission, met in
Bucharest on 12 July with members of the Senate's
National Security and Foreign Policy Commissions to
discuss Romanian treasure held in Moscow since World
War I, RFE/RL's Bucharest bureau reported. AP said
that Hadjidemetriou will study Romanian archives and
report to the council, which has recommended that
member countries return illegally-held foreign
patrimony. The treasure is one of the main bones of
contention hindering the signing of the treaty between
the two countries. MS

MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT DENIES INVOLVEMENT IN PARLIAMENTARY
CRISIS. Presidential spokesman Anatol Golea on 12 July
"categorically" denied that President Petru Lucinschi
played any role in the parliamentary crisis triggered by
the dismissal of Party of Democratic Forces (PDF) leader
Valeriu Matei from the post of deputy parliamentary
chairman, RFE/RL's Chisinau bureau reported. Golea said
that the crisis was "a purely internal affair" of the
legislature and that Lucinschi hopes the stalemate will
be solved "as soon as possible" to avoid "undesirable
consequences for all of [Moldovan] society." He also
denied that Lucinschi may exploit the crisis as "an
argument for promoting a presidential system" (see End
Note below). MS

PDF SAYS IT WILL NOT LEAVE MOLDOVAN RULING COALITION. In
a statement released on 12 July, the parliamentary group
of the PDF said the party does not intend to leave the
ruling Alliance for Democracy (ADR) in retaliation for
Matei's dismissal. PFD deputy Vasile Soimaru told
journalists the same day that the present parliamentary
crisis has "demonstrated" that a new majority can
"easily be formed" by the Party of Moldovan Communists'
40 deputies and the 12 deputies representing the pro-
presidential For a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova
Bloc. The PFD, Soimaru said, believes that only if the
party stays in the ADR can Moldova's "integration into
European structures" be safeguarded. MS

IMF SAYS BULGARIA MAKING PROGRESS. The head of the IMF
mission in Bulgaria on 12 July said that Bulgaria is
making "satisfactory economic progress," despite the
effects of the Kosova crisis, AFP reported. Juha
Kahkonen said that because of the impact of the Kosova
conflict on Bulgaria's economy, economic growth is
likely to be less than was forecast at the start of
1999. He said that exports have fallen, which, he
argued, could affect the current account of the
balance of payments. Kahkonen predicted that
Bulgaria's budget deficit will total some 5.5 percent
of GDP this year and that the economy will grow by 1.5
percent, instead of the 3.7 percent growth predicted
at the start of the year. However, the IMF expects
that in 2000 economic growth will total 4-5 percent
and inflation will be less than 2 percent, he said. MS

END NOTE

LUCINSCHI BABA AND THE MOLDOVAN PARLIAMENTARY DEPUTIES

by Michael Shafir

	No political system is totally immune to corruption
and nepotism. But when these maladies become the rule,
rather than the exception, one faces what political
scientists call "systemic entropy." In systems making
the transition from authoritarianism to democracy, the
risk of entropy is higher than in "established
democracies": while such democracies deal with
corruption and nepotism by applying the rule of law,
transitional systems may be faced with a situation where
the authority of those making the law (the parliament),
those applying it (the executive), and those
adjudicating it (the judiciary) is questioned because
those institutions lack credibility.
	Credibility may be acquired through the historical
experience of those granting it (a factor often absent
in "transitional systems"), but this is not a lasting
factor unless it is quickly complemented by proof of
more immediate experience. Conversely, the lack of
credibility can be the outcome of some psychological
factors, but by and large it exists when those called
upon to rule are not up to the task. In democratic
systems, the instrument through which credibility is
supposed to be restored is changing the powers that be
through elections or changing some systemic elements
that induced entropy--for example, some provisions in
the constitution. The deficiency of the former solution
is that it can require considerable time, while the
latter may mean "throwing away the democratic baby" with
the bath water.
	Last week, a typical situation of entropy emerged
in Moldova. On 9 July, the parliament dismissed one of
its deputy chairmen, Party of Democratic Forces (PFD)
leader Valeriu Matei. Matei had long been accused by the
opposition Party of Moldovan Communists (PCM) of
corruption, an accusation that appears not totally
unfounded. Earlier this year, a tribunal in Chisinau
ordered him to pay General Nicolae Alexe, chief of the
government's Department for Fighting Crime, the
equivalent of 100 monthly wages. The tribunal had found
Matei guilty of insulting Alexe during a search of the
premises of a dubious commercial company with which
Matei was linked.
	The ruling Alliance for Democracy and Reforms (ADR)
repeatedly postponed voting on the Communists' demand to
dismiss Matei from his parliamentary position. Since the
PFD is a member of the unstable ADR, few political
observers were surprised by that delay. All of a sudden,
however, Matei's coalition colleagues from the pro-
presidential For a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova
Bloc (PMPD) were ready to join the Communists, and the
legislature dismissed him by a vote of 59 to four during
the evening of 9 July. The Christian Democratic Popular
Front (FPCD)--a party that since March, when it failed
to obtain the portfolios it wanted in Ion Sturza's
cabinet, has been unable to make up its mind whether it
is in the coalition or out--also supported the motion.
The other ADR component, the Democratic Convention of
Moldova (CDM), did not participate in the vote, to
protest what happened in the parliament earlier that
day.
	That earlier development may partly explain the
twist leading to Matei's dismissal. On 8 July, the
legislature began debating a report by its Committee for
National Security and Public Order. Among other things,
the report criticized the activities of Prosecutor-
General Valeriu Catana, who had long been accused by
FPCD leader Iurie Rosca of covering up the illicit
activities of parliamentary chairman Dumitru Diacov.
Again, the accusation may not have been entirely
unfounded.
	Shortly after being named prosecutor-general
earlier this year, Catana had appointed Diacov's
brother, Ion, as Chisinau's top prosecutor. Whether this
was "merely" a case of nepotism or whether Rosca's 8
July statement denouncing Diacov's "Mafioso activities"
was based on insider's knowledge is hard to say.
Nonetheless, as late as 8 July the communists were
demanding that the committee's report be debated in the
house. But rather than permit such a development, Diacov
announced that Catana had tendered his resignation.
	In line with Moldovan legislation, Catana's
departure should have been debated and then approved by
the parliament. But Diacov proposed that a resolution be
adopted merely "taking note" of the resignation. The
resolution passed with the support of the PCM, as well
as that of Diacov's own PMPD. It was at this point that
former President Mircea Snegur's CDM walked out of the
meeting, thus missing the vote on Matei's dismissal. But
Snegur then joined Rosca in demanding the dismissal of
Diacov as parliamentary chairman.
	The PCM's action is not hard to explain. By joining
forces with Diacov and his supporters, the party seems
very close to writing the ADR's obituary.
	But a lot more happened on the eventful day of 9
July. First, all those throwing punches in the Moldovan
parliamentary arena seem to have knocked one another
out. Not even the PCM has emerged untainted, for the
electorate is unlikely to forget that the Communists'
attack on Matei was triggered by Matei's denunciation of
the son of PCM leader Vladimir Voronin for his
involvement in seemingly illicit business activities.
	With entropy looming large, President Petru
Lucinschi's argument for curtailing the powers of the
parliament and instituting a presidential system can
only gain ground. Lucinschi finds himself in the
fortunate position of an Ali Baba whose path to the
treasure has been opened by the thieves who guarded it.
But as Aladdin put it, "Who will change old lamps for
new ones?" Or, in other words: Will a presidential
system fare any better?

This is first in a series of two articles.
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Please write to us with any comments, questions or suggestions -- Natasha Bulashova, Greg Cole